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2003年在职硕士联考英语真题
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2014-6-6 14:26:41
2003年在职攻读硕士学位全国联考英语试题

  Paper One

  Part I Listening Comprehension (30 minutes, 15 points) (略)

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes, 10 points)

  Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  16. Scientists estimate that about 530,000 other objects, too small to detect with radar, ____ the Earth too.

  A. being circled B. are circling

  C. are to be circling D. are being circled

  17. During the past years the of automobile accidents in New York City has decreased.

  A. degree B. quantity C. number D. amount

  18. Both approaches require that the actor his or her own personal values as well as the character’s.

  A. must understand B. should understand

  C. has to understand D. need to understand

  19. It is wrong for people to think that experts are right when they explain their ideas on some subjects.

  A. steadily B. constantly

  C. persistently D. continuously

  20. We had a party last weekend, and it was a lot of fun. So let’s have one this weekend.

  A. another B. more

  C. the other D. other

  21. The brave firemen had fought for days before they managed to the forest fire.

  A. put on B. put up

  C. put off D. put out

  22. You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting you don’t mind taking the night train.

  A. if B. unless

  C. though D. until

  23. He that a combination of recent oil discoveries and the advance of new technology will lead to a decline in the price of crude oil.

  A. predicts B. compels

  C. arranges D. disputes

  24. in a simple style, the book clearly describes the author’s childhood experiences in a small town.

  A. Writing B. To be written

  C. Being written D. Written

  25. For these reasons, the newspaper is having problems in the north of the country.

  A. distribution B. regulation

  C. recognition D. destruction

  26. The parents were much kinder to their youngest child than they were to the others, ,

  of course, made the others jealous.

  A. which B. that

  C. what D. who

  27. “Sorry, there are no tickets for tomorrow’s performance,” the ticket officer said politely.

  A. preferable B. considerable

  C. accessible D. available

  28. With temperature so rapidly, we could not go on with the experiment.

  A. fell B. fall

  C. falling D. fallen

  29. History has demonstrated that countries with different social systems can join hands in meeting the common challenges to human and development.

  A. evolution B. survival

  C. satisfaction D. damage

  30. before we departed last weekend, we would have had a wonderful dinner party.

  A. Had they arrived B. Would they arrive

  C. Were they arriving D. Were they to arrive

  31. A lot of people were ready to work long hours because high unemployment meant that they could easily be .

  A. separated B. appointed

  C. transferred D. replaced

  32. that saw the trade between the two countries reach its highest point.

  A. During the 1990’s B. That it was in the 1990’s

  C. It was in the 1990’s D. It was the 1990’s

  33. They have been waiting for many hours. The airplane must have been .

  A. of schedule B. on schedule

  C. ahead of schedule D. behind schedule

  34. The manager promised to keep me of how our business was going on.

  A. informed B. informing

  C. to be informed D. having informed

  35. We can’t afford to let the situation get worse. We have to take to put it right.

  A. decisions B. advantages

  C. sides D. steps

Part III Reading Comprehension (55 minutes, 40 points)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each of the passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  The worst thing about television and radio is that they entertain us, saving us the trouble of entertaining ourselves.

  A hundred years ago, before all these devices were invented, if a person wanted to entertain himself with a song or a piece of music, he would have to do the singing himself or pock up a violin and play it. Now, all he has to do is turn on the radio or TV. As a result, singing and music have declined.

  Italians used to sing all the time. Now, they only do it in Hollywood movies. Indian movies are mostly a series of songs and dances trapped around silly stories. As a result, they don’t do much singing in Indian villages anymore. Indeed, ever since radio first came to life, there has been a terrible decline in amateur (业余的) singing throughout the world.

  There are two reasons for this sad decline: One, human beings are astonishingly lazy. Put a lift in a building, and people would rather take it than climb even two flights of steps. Similarly, invent a machine that sings, and people would rather let the machine sing than sing themselves. The other reason is that people are easily embarrassed. When there is a famous, talented musician readily available by pushing a button, which amateur violinist or pianist would want to try to entertain family or family or friends by himself?

  These earnest reflections came to me recently when two CDs arrived in the mail. They are historic recordings of famous writers reading their own works. It was thrilling to hear the voices from a long dead past in the late 19th century. But today, reading out loud anything is no longer common. Today, we sing songs to our children until they are about two, we read simple books to them till they are about five, and once they have learnt to read themselves, we become deaf. We’re alive only to the sound of the TV and the stereo (立体声音响) .

  I count myself extremely lucky to have been born before TV became so common. I was about six before TV appeared. To keep us entertained my mother had to do a good deal of singing and tell us endless tales. It was the same in many other homes. People spoke a language; they song it, they recited it; it was something they could feel.

  Professional actors’ performance is extraordinarily revealing. But I still prefer my own reading. Because it’s mine. For the same reason, people find karaoke (卡拉OK) liberating. It is almost he only electronic thing that gives them bake their own voice. Even if their voices are hopelessly out of tune, at least it is meaningful self–entertainment.

  36. The main idea of this passage is that .

  A. TV and radio can amuse us with beautiful songs and music

  B. TV and radio prevent us from self–entertainment

  C. people should sing songs and read books aloud themselves

  D. parents should sing songs and read books aloud to their children

  37. According to the passage, Italians .

  A. only sing songs in Hollywood

  B. are no longer fond of music

  C. only sing and dance in villages

  D. don’t sing much nowadays

  38. Which of the following is NOT the reason for the decline in amateur singing?

  A. It is easier for people to please themselves with songs through TV and radio.

  B. Amateurs feel embarrassed for they cannot sing as well as the professionals.

  C. People don’t want to take the trouble to sing songs themselves.

  D. Famous and talented musicians can easily be met.

  39. When hearing the voices from the famous writers of a long dead past, the author .

  A. was very excited

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