学苑简介 网上报名 免费视听 学苑论坛 学苑图书 全国分校

学苑教育
学苑教育同等学力
   学苑教育 > 联考申硕 > 复习资料 > 联考英语 > 正文
2004年在职硕士联考英语真题
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2014-6-6 14:30:54
Paper One 试卷一

  (120 minutes)

  Part I Listening Comprehension (30 minutes, 15 points) (略)

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes,10 points)

  Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  16.If the work by the end of this month is delayed,the construction company will be heavily fined.

  A.is completed B.to be completed

  C.will have been completed D.will be completed

  l7.Had Paul received six more votes in the last election,he our chairman now.

  A.must be B.would have been C.shall be D.would be

  18. pollution control measures tend to be money consuming,many industries hesitate to adopt them.

  A.Although B.However C.When D.Since

  l9. is often the case with a new idea,much initial activity and optimistic discussion produce no concrete proposal.

  A.It B.Which C.As D.That

  20.According to the of the contract,employees must give six months’ notice if they intend to leave.

  A.laws B.rules C.terms D.details

  21.All of the plants now raised on farms have been developed from plants in the wild.

  A.once they grew B.that once grew

  C.they grew once D.once grew

  22.The meter can detect even a very small amount of gas in the room.

  A.sensible B.sensitive C.sensing D.sensed

  23.Not until recent years a popular means of communication.

  A.e-mail became B.e-mail has become

  C.did e-mail become D.will e-mail become

  24.Mobile phones have proved to with flight instruments and have a negative effect on flight safety.

  A.interfere B.disturb C.interrupt D.trouble

  25.Although there are many predictions about the future,no one knows for sure the world would be like in 50 years.

  A.how B.that C.which D.what

  26.The bank manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to the investment plan within a week.

  A.work out B.put out C.make out D.set out

  27.I was speaking to Ann on the phone about our tour plan suddenly we were cut off.

  A.that B.while C.before D. when

  28.Television will provide information on prices at the nearby shops news and entertainment.

  A.as many as B.as far as C.as well as D.as long as

  29. ,the researchers cannot concentrate on that very precise experiment.

  A.With you standing there B.On your standing there

  C.You are standing there D.You stand there

  30.Jane takes an interest in clothes and is very particular about what she wears.

  A.exhaustive B.excelling C.executive D.excessive

  31.She went to Europe on vacation but her happy time ended in when their hotel caught fire.

  A.tragedy B.crisis C.drama D.misfortune

  32.You could become a good musician,but your lack of practice is you .

  A.taking...over B.holding...back

  C.making...up D.leaving...out

  33.Retail sales volume in local urban and rural areas rose 57.8% and 46.8% last year.

  A.individually B.respectively C.correspondingly D.accordingly

  34.The managing director took the for the accident,although it was not really his fault.

  A.guilt B.blame C.charge D.accusation

  35.It is requested that all the students present at the meeting tomorrow.

  A.were B.will be C.are D.be

  Part III Reading Comprehension (55 minutes,40 points)

  Directions:There are four passages in this part.Each of the passages is followed by five questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B, C and D.Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Passage One

  In ancient Greek, the term euthanatos meant “easy death”. Today euthanasia (安乐死) generally refers to mercy killing,the voluntary (自愿) ending of the life of someone who is terminally ill.Like abortion,euthanasia has become a legal,medical,and moral issue over which opinion is divided.

  Euthanasia can be either active or passive.Active euthanasia means that a physician or other medical personnel takes an action that will result in death,such as giving an overdose of deadly medicine.Passive euthanasia means letting a patient die for lack of treatment,or stopping the treatment that has begun.Examples of passive euthanasia include taking patients off a breathing machine or removing other life-support systems.Stopping the food supply is also considered passive.

  A good deal of the debate about mercy killing originates from the decision-making process.Who decides whether a patient is to die? This issue has not been solved legally in the United States.The matter is left to state law, which usually allows the physician in charge to suggest the option of death to a patient’s relatives,especially if the patient is brain dead.In an attempt to make decisions about when their own lives should end, several terminally ill patients in the early 1990s used a controversial suicide device,developed by Dr. Jack Kevorkian, to end their lives.

  In parts of Europe, the decision-making process has become very flexible.Even in cases where the patients are not brain dead,patients have been put to death without their approval at the request of relatives or at the suggestion of physicians.Many cases of passive euthanasia involve old people or newborn infants. The principle justifying this practice is that such individuals have a “life not worthy of life”.

  In countries where passive euthanasia is not legal, the court systems have proved very tolerant in dealing with medical personnel who practice it.In Japan, for example, if physicians follow certain guidelines they may actively carry out mercy killings on hopelessly ill people. Courts have also been somewhat tolerant of friends or relatives who have assisted terminally ill patients to die.

  36.A terminally ill patient is one who .

  A.gets worse every day B.can never get well again

  C.is very seriously ill in the end D.is too ill to want to live on

  37.The difference between active and passive euthanasia is whether .

  A.there is an action that speeds up the death of the patient

  B.the breathing machine is taken off the patient

  C.an overdose of deadly medicine is used

  D.the patient is denied food supply

  38.According to the passage,who has/have the legal responsibility to decide on euthanasia?

  A.The national or state government.

  B.The patient’s relatives.

  C.Physicians in charge of the patient.

  D.The answer varies from country to country.

  39.The principle justifying passive euthanasia in Europe is that terminally ill patients are .

  A.living a life without consciousness

  B.living a life that can hardly be called life

  C.too old or too weak to live on

  D.too old or too young to approve of euthanasia

  40.The attitude of the writer toward euthanasia is .

  A.negative B.positive C.objective D.casual

  Passage Two

  Next week, as millions of families gather for their Thanksgiving (感恩节) feasts,many other Americans will go without.According to the United States Department of Agriculture,more than 12 million households lack enough food for everyone in their family at some time during the year—including holidays.

  Hunger is surprisingly widespread in our country—one of the world’s wealthiest—yet the government estimates that we waste almost 100 billion pounds of food each year,more than one-quarter of our total supply.

  Reducing this improper distribution of resources is a goal of America’s Second Harvest,the nation’s largest domestic hunger-relief organization.Last year,it distributed nearly 2 billion pounds of food to more than 23 million people in need.

  America’s Second Harvest is a network of 214 inter-connected food banks and other organizations that gather food from growers,p

[1] [2] [3]  下一页

地址:北京海淀区中关村大街甲59号中国人民大学文化大厦607室 邮编:100872 传真:010-62511251
版权所有:北京学苑科技开发中心