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在职教育硕士考试英语词汇练习题4
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2014-6-6 15:55:25

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 1. In this factory, suggestions often have to wait for months before they are fully _____.
  A. admitted
  B. acknowledged
  C. absorbed
  D. considered
  [答案] D. considered
  [注释] considered 考虑; admit 承认; absorb 吸收。
  [注意]acknowledge 1) (=agree or admit the truth of; confess) 承认, 供认; A. He acknowledged his mistake. (他承认了他的错误。) B. 接动名词 He acknowledged having been beaten. (他承认被打败了。) 2) (express thanks for) 致谢; A. Mary acknowledged the gift with a pleasant letter. (玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。) B. His long service with the company was acknowledged with a present. (向他赠送礼品以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。)
  2. The boy slipped out of the room and headed for the swimming pool without his parents' _____.
  A. command
  B. conviction
  C. consent
  D. compromise
  [答案] C. consent
  [注释] consent 同意, 赞成, 答应。conviction 深信, 确信。compromise 妥协, 折中。command 命令, 指令; 掌握, 运用能力。
  3. Our research has focused on a drug which is so _____ as to be able to change brain chemistry.
  A. powerful
  B. influential
  C. monstrous
  D. vigorous
  [答案] A. powerful
  [注释] powerful (=having or producing great power) 强有力的。在这里四个形容词中, 只有powerful (有效力的) 可与表示药物的名词搭配。influential 有影响的, 有势力的, monstrous 异常大的, vigorous 精力旺盛的, 强健有力的。
  4. The lost car of the Lees was found _____ in the woods off the highway.
  A. vanished
  B. abandoned
  C. scattered
  D. rejected
  [答案] B. abandoned
  [注释] abandoned (=give up completely) 放弃, 抛弃; 1) The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund. 2) The sailors abandoned the burning ship.
  [注意]abandon 暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣, 如把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。vanish (=suddenly disappear; go out of existence) vi.消失, 绝迹; 1) The airplane vanished into the clouds.2) Many kinds of animals have vanished form the earth. (许多种类的动物以在地球上绝迹。) scatter (=send, go in different direction) 驱使, 使分散; The police scattered the crowed. (警察驱散人群。) (=throw or put in various directions) 撒, 到处放; He scattered his clothes all over the room. reject (=refuse to accept) 拒绝接受; She rejected my suggestion.
  5. Henry's news report covering the conference was so _____ that nothing had been omitted.
  A. understanding
  B. comprehensible
  C. comprehensive
  D. understandable
  [答案] C. comprehensive.
  [注释] comprehensive 完全的无所不包的; comprehensible 能懂的, 可以理解的; understandable 可以理解的, 主要用来指人的行为。understanding 用来指人时, 表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的 (人) 。"注意下面的搭配:a comprehensive map (街区详图) ; a comprehensible remark (听得懂的话) ,an understandable mistake (可以理解的错误) ; an understanding friend (一位能理解人的朋友)

 

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