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2001年同等学力英语真题及答案
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2009-12-4 9:38:41  点击数:

2001年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试

Paper One试卷一(90 minutes

Part Listening Comprehension20 minutes15 points)(略)

Part Vocabulary10 minutes10 points

Section A

DirectionsIn this section there are fifteen sentenceseach with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the four choices marked ABC and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

16.   The temperatures are somewhat lower than the average temperature in May this year.

A. rather                  B. very                         C. a little                  D. less

17.   He must not allow this unusual barrier to stop him from fighting against the enemy.

A. interior                      B. obstacle                 C. interruption         D. interference

18.   Next semesterSusan must take three compulsory courses.

A. formal                       B. voluntary                C. practical                 D. required

19.   Should either of these situations occurwrong control actions might be taken and a potential accident sequence initiated.

A. imported               B. installed                 C. started                D. interviewed

20.   Now about half of the women who work in social welfare are part-timeas compared to 38% in the private sector.

A. guarantee               B. farewell                 C. well-off                 D. well-being

21.   It is not clear whether the increase in reports is stemmed from greater human activity or is simply the result of more surveys.

A. flows                       B. comes                  C. derives                 D. originates

22.   This is the sort of case in which judges must exercise the arbitrary power described a moment ago.

A. avail                        B. use                          C. have                   D. display

23.   Recent studies have posed the question as to whether there is a link between film violence and real violence.

A. supposed                B. poised                  C. aroused                  D. raised

24.   Floods have undermined the foundation of the ancient bridge.

A. weakened               B. reached                 C. spoiled                 D. covered

25.   A frequently cited example of the endangered species is the panda.

A. worried                      B. neglected                C. reduced                 D. mentioned

26.   Some psychologists argue that the traditional idea“spare the rod and spoil the child”is not rational.

A. helpful                       B. kind                         C. sensible                 D. effective

27.   Providing first-class service is one of the tactics the airline adopts to attract passengers.

A. methods               B. attitudes                 C. thoughts                 D. solutions

28.   Before you decide on a vocationit might be a good idea to consult a few good friends.

A. career                       B. holiday                 C. plan                         D. research

29. The police are trying to get back the stolen statue.

A. retrieve                     B.detain                    C. track                 D. detect

30.   Because of adverse weather conditionsthe travelers stopped to camp.

A. local                        B. unfamiliar                C. good                    D. unfavorable

Section B

DirectionsIn this section there are fifteen incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

31.   These last 22 years have really been amazingevery prediction weve made about improvements have all______.

A. come over               B. come down            C. come along                 D. come true

32.   Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave______.

A. at the spot               B. on the spot         C. for the spot        D. in the spot

33.   Mary succeeded in living______her extraordinary reputation.

A. up to                        B. up                            C. down                  D. on

34.   Other guests at yesterdays openingwhich was broadcast______ by the radio stationincluded the Governor and the Mayor.

A. alive                        B. live                    C. lively                        D. living

35.   The manager was told when he was______that his was a pressure job.

A. appointed               B. pointed                 C. assigned                 D. disappointed

36.   Her husband is interested in designing electronic______.

A. management              B. safety                  C. devices                  D. routine

37.   Gestures are an important means to______messages.

A. convey               B. study                  C. exploit                 D. keep

38. ______preparations were being made for the Prime Minister’s official visit to the four foreign countries.

A. Wise                        B. Elaborate                C. Optional                 D. Neutral

39.   This local evening paper has a ______of twenty-five thousand.

A. number               B. contribution                C. circulation                D. celebration

40.   Susan loves chocolate so much that she can hardly resist its______.

A. sight                        B. brand                   C. variety                  D. temptation

41.   On the local market______fruits and vegetables are now commonly sold.

A. exotic                       B. enough                 C. limited                      D. famous

42.   After a few monthsthe immigrants became ______to the new environment.

A. confident               B. sick                            C. happy                           D. accustomed

43.   If your______lively pets become passivethey might be ill.

A. traditionally              B. rarely                  C. normally                 D. continually

44.   Speech is the______ ability possessed only by human beings.

A. unique                       B. average                 C. collective                  D. single

45.   John seldom drinks coffee because he doesn’t ______ the taste.

A. stand for               B. care about          C. cope with                 D. care for

Part Reading Comprehension45 minutes25 points

DirectionsThere are five passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Americans usually consider themselves a friendly people. Their friendshipshowevertend to be shorter and more casual than friendships among people from other cultures. It is not uncommon for Americans to have only one close friend during their lifetimeand consider other friendsto be just social acquaintances. This attitude probably has something to do with American mobility and the fact that Americans do not like to be dependent on other people. They tend tocompartmentalize”(划分)friendshipshavingfriends at work”,“friends on the softball team”,“family friends”,etc.

Because the United States is a highly active societyfull of movement and changepeople always seem to be on the go. In this highly charged atmosphereAmericans can sometimes seem brusque(无礼的)or impatient. They want to get to know you as quickly as possible and then move on to something else. Sometimesearly onthey will ask you questions that you may feel are very personal. No insult is intendedthe questions usually grow out of their genuine interest or curiosityand their impatience to get to the heart of the matter. And the same goes for you. If you do not understand certain American behavior or you want to know more about themdo not hesitate to ask them questions about themselves. Americans are usually eager to explain all about their country or anything“American”in which you may be interested. So much so in fact that you may become tired of listening. It doesn’t matter because Americans tend to be uncomfortable with silence during a conversation. They would rather talk about the weather or the latest sports scoresfor examplethan deal with silence.

On the other handdont expect Americans to be knowledgeable about international geography or world affairsunless those subjects directly involve the United States. Because the United States is not surrounded by many other nationssome Americans tend to ignore the rest of the world.

46.   The general topic of the passage is         .

A. American culture                                        B. American society

C. Americans’ activities                             D. Americans’ personality

47.   Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the passage

A. Americans do not like to depend on other people.

B. Friendships among Americans tend to be casual.

C. Americans know a lot about international affairs.

D. Americans always seem to be on the go.

48.   The phrasehighly charged”(Paragraph 2most probably means         .

A. extremely free                                      B. highly responsible

C. very cheerful                                                D. full of mobility and change

49.   It can be inferred from the passage that         .

A. Americans want to participate in all kinds of activities

B. Americans’ character is affected by their social and geographical environments

C. Americans do not know how to deal with silence

D. Curiosity is characteristic of Americans

50.   According to the passageAmericans tend to ignore the rest of the world because         .

A. they are not interested in other countries

B. they are too proud of themselves

C. their country does not have many neighboring nations

D. they are too busy to learn about other countries

Passage Two

Want a glimpse of the future of health careTake a look at the way the various networks of people involved in patient care are being connected to one anotherand how this new connectivity is being exploited to deliver medicine to the patient-no matter where he or she may be.

Online doctors offering advice based on standardized symptoms are the most obvious example. Increasinglyhoweverremote diagnosistelemedicinewill be based on real physiological data from the actual patient. A group from the University of Kentucky has shown that by using an off-the-shelf(现成的)PDApersonal data assistancesuch as a Palm Pilot plus a mobile phoneit is perfectly feasible to transmit a patients vital signs over the telephone. With this kind of equipment in a first-aid kit(急救包),the cry asking whether there was a doctor in the house could well be a thing of the past.

Other medical technology groups are working on applying telemedicine to rural care. And at least one team wants to use telemedicine as a tool for disaster responseespecially after earthquakes. Overallthe trend is towards providing global access to medical data and expertise.

But there is one problem. Bandwidth is the limiting factor for transmitting complex medical images around the world—CT scans being one of the biggest bandwidth consumers. Communications satellites may be able to cope with the short-term needs during disasters such as earthquakeswars or famines. But medicine is looking towards both the second-generation Internet and third-generation mobile phones for the future of distributed medical intelligence.

Doctors have met to discuss computer-based tools for medical diagnosistraining and telemedicine. With the falling price of broadband communicationsthe new technologies should usher in(迎来)an era when telemedicine and the sharing of medical informationexpert opinion and diagnosis are common.

51.   The basis of remote diagnosis will be         .

A. standardized symptoms of a patient               B. personal data assistance

C. transmitted complex medical images               D. real physiological data from a patient

52.   The sentence“the cry asking whether there was a doctor in the house could well be a thing of the past”means         .

A. now people probably would not ask if there is a doctor in the house

B. patients used to cry and ask if there was a doctor in the house

C. in the past people often cried and asked if there was a doctor in the house

D. patients are now still asking if there is a doctor in the house

53.   All the following statements are true EXCEPT that         .

A. it is now feasible to transmit a patient’s vital signs over telephone

B. flood is not among the disasters mentioned in the passage

C. the trend in applying telemedicine is toward providing global access to medical data

D. telemedicine is being used by many medical teams as a tool for disaster response

54.   The word“problem”in the fourth paragraph refers to the fact that         .

A. there are not enough mobile phones for distributing medical intelligence

B. CT scans are one of the biggest bandwidth consumers

C. bandwidth is not adequate to transmit complex medical images around the world

D. communications satellites can only cope with the short-term needs during disasters

55.   A proper title for the passage may be         .

A. Improvement in Communications                      B. The Online Doctor Is In

C. Application of Telemedicine                       D. How to Make Remote Diagnosis

Passage Three

Pictures in the British papers this week of Prince WilliamPrince Charless 18-year-old soncleaning toilets overseashave led to a surge of altruism(利他主义). Raleigh Internation-althe charity that organized his triphas seen inquiries about voluntary work abroad rise by 30%. But the image of idealistic youth that William presents no longer reflects the reality of the volunteer force. It’s getting older and older.

Voluntary Service OverseasVSOhas about 2000 volunteers in the field around the world. After a dip in interest in the mid-1990sapplications to work abroad are at record levels. Last year 7645 people submitted applicationsand 920 successfully negotiated the VSO selection process and were sent abroad. When the organization was founded in 1959the average volunteer was in his early 20s. Nowthe average age is 35and set to rise further.

Partlythat is because there are more older people who want to do VSO. More people take early retirementmoresays the chief executive of VSO,“still feel that they have more to give and are in good health. And the demands of the African and Asian countries where most of the volunteers go are changingtoo. Their educational standards have risen over the past couple of decadesso they want people with more qualificationsskills and experience.

BESOBritish Executive Service Overseasrecruits executives and businessmen with at least 15 years experience for short-term contract work overseas. It organizes 500 placements (工作安置)a yearand at the moment supply is surpassing demand. A BESO spokesman said that the organization is“limited by funding rather than a lack of volunteers”.

Enthusiastic but unqualified students do not impress as much as they once did alongside accountantsmanagers and doctors. The typical volunteerthese dayshas been in full-time employment for at least five years and is highly qualified. And the profession which provides the biggest portion of volunteers is education—headmasters and school inspectors as well as classroom teachers.

56.   According to the passagethe volunteers         .

A. are getting older and older                         B. are becoming fewer

C. are inexperienced and unqualified               D. are mostly students

57.   All the statements are true about Prince William EXCEPT that         .

A. his trip has triggered a surge of altruism

B. his trip was organized by a government institution

C. he presents the image of idealistic youth

D. he is not a representative volunteer in age

58.   From the second paragraph we can know that         .

 A. the number of applications to work abroad declined in the mid-1990s

 B. the average volunteer now is not much older than forty years ago

 C. of those who have submitted applications a majority have been chosen and sent abroad

 D. there were more applications to work aboard in the early 1990s than in the late 1990s

59.   There are more older people who want to do VSO because         .

.  more people take early retirement

. more older people feel they are in good health

. the foreign countries where the volunteers go want people with more qualificationsskills and experience

A. only                   B. only                        C. Ⅰ,Ⅱ and      D. and

60.   According to the last paragraphthe typical volunteer now may be         .

A. an enthusiastic but unqualified young student

B. a highly qualified headmaster or teacher

C. an executive or businessman with at least 15 years’ experience

D. a well-experienced accountantmanageror doctor

Passage Four

With only about 1000 pandas left in the worldChina is desperately trying to clone the animal and save the endangered species. Thats a move similar to what a Texas A&M University researcher has been undertaking for the past five years in a project calledNoah’s Ark”.

Dr. Duane Kraemera professor in Texas A&Ms College of Veterinary Medicine and a pioneer in embryo(胚胎)transfer work and related proceduressays he salutes the Chinese effort andI wish them all the best success possible. Its a worthwhile projectcertainly not an easy oneand its very much like what were attempting here at Texas A&Mto save animals from extinction.

Noahs Ark is aimed at collecting eggsembryossemens(精子)and DNA of endangered animals and storing them in liquid nitrogen. If certain species should become extinctKraemer says there would be enough of the basic building blocks to reintroduce the species in the future.

It is estimated that as many as 2000 species of mammalsbirds and reptiles will become extinct over the next 100 years. The pandanative only to Chinais in danger of becoming extinct in the next 25 years.

This weekChinese scientists said they grew an embryo by introducing cells from a dead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit. They are now trying to implant the embryo into a host animal.

The entire procedure could take from three to five years to complete.

The nuclear transfer of one species to another is not easyand the lack of available panda eggs could be a major problem.Kraemer believes.They will probably have to do several hundred transfers to result in one pregnancy. It takes a long time and its difficultbut this could be groundbreaking science if it works. They are certainly not putting any live pandas at riskso it is worth the effort.adds Kraemerwho is one of the leaders of the Missyplicity Project at Texas A&Mthe first-ever attempt at cloning a dog.

They are trying to do something thats never been doneand this is very similar to our work in Noahs Ark. Were both trying to save animals that face extinction. I certainly applaud their effort and theres a lot we can learn from what they are attempting to do. It’s a research that is very much needed.”

61.   The aim of“Noah’s Ark”Project is to         .

A. salute the Chinese efforts in saving pandas

B. implant embryo into a host animal

C. introduce cells from a dead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit

D. save endangered animals from extinction

62.   How long will the Chinese panda-cloning project take according to the passage

A. 3 to 5 years.             B. 1 year.                            C. 25 years.              D. 2 years.

63.   The wordgroundbreaking”(Paragraph 7can be interpreted as         .

A. pioneering             B. essentially new          C. epoch-making           D. evolutionary

64.   What could be the major problem in cloning pandas according to Professor Kraemer

A. Lack of host animals.                                      B. Lack of available panda eggs.

C. Lack of funds.                                         D. Lack of qualified researchers.

65.   The best title for the passage may be         .

A. China’s Efforts to Clone Pandas

B. China-the Native Place of Pandas Forever

C. Exploring the Possibility to Clone Pandas

D. China’s First Cloned Panda

Passage Five

If there is one thing scientists have to hearit is that the game is over. Raised on the belief of an endless voyage of discoverythey recoil(畏缩)from the suggestion that most of the best things have already been located. If they havetodays scientists can hope to contribute no more than a few grace notes to the symphony of science.

A book to be published in Britain this weekThe End of Scienceargues persuasively that this is the case. Its authorJohn Horganis a senior writer for Scientific American magazinewho has interviewed many of todays leading scientists and science philosophers. The shock of realizing that science might be over came to himhe sayswhen he was talking to Oxford mathematician and physicist Sir Roger Penrose.

The End of Science provoked a wave of denunciation(谴责)in the United States last year.The reaction has been one of complete shock and disbelief.Mr. Horgan says.

The real question is whether any remaining unsolved problemsof which there are plentylend themselves to universal solutions. If they do notthen the focus of scientific discovery is already narrowing. Since the triumphs of the 1960sthe genetic codeplate tectonics(板块构造说),and the microwave background radiation that went a long way towards proving the Big Banggenuine scientific revolutions have been scarce. More scientists are now alivespending more money on researchthat ever. Yet most of the great discoveries of the 19th and 20th centuries were made before the appearance of state sponsorshipwhen the scientific enterprise was a fraction of its present size.

Were the scientists who made these discoveries brighter than todaysThat seems unlikely. A far more reasonable explanation is that fundamental science has already entered a period of diminished returns.Lookdont get me wrong,”says Mr. Horgan.There are lots of important things still to studyand applied science and engineering can go on for ever. I hope we get a cure for cancerand for mental diseasethough there are few real signs of progress.

66.   The sentence“most of the best things have already been located”could mean         .

A. most of the best things have already been changed

B. most of the best things remain to be changed

C. there have never been so many best things waiting to be discovered

D. most secrets of the world have already been discovered

67.   John Horgan         .

. has published a book entitled The End of Science

. has been working as an editor of Scientific American

. has been working many years as a literary critic

. is working as a science writer

A. and              B. only                   C. and             D. Ⅰ,Ⅱ and

68.   There have not been many genuine scientific revolutions in the past few decades because         .

A. there have been decreased returns in the research of fundamental science

B. there are too many important things for scientists to study

C. applied science and engineering take up too much time and energy

D. today’s scientists are not as intelligent as those in the past

69.   The term“the Big Bang”probably refers to         .

A. the genetic code theory

B. a geological theory

C. a theory of the origin of the universe

D. the origin and the power of atomic energy

70.   The best title of this passage can be         .

A. Great Scientific Discoveries Will Never Be Possible

B. The Harsh Challenge Has to Be Met by Modern Scientists

C. The State Sponsorship and Scientific Enterprise Are All in Vain

D. The Chance for Great Scientific Discoveries Becomes Scarce

Part Cloze15 minutes10 points

DirectionsIn this partthere is a passage with twenty blanks. For each blank there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark the corresponding letter on your ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

There is virtually no limit to how one can serve community interestsfrom spending a few hours a week with some charitable organization to practically fulltime work for a social agency. Just as there are opportunities for voluntary service    71   VSO for young people before they take up full-time employment   72    there are opportunities for overseas service for   73    technicians in developing countries. Some people   74    those who retire early   75    their technical and business skills in countries    76    there is a special need.

So in considering voluntary or    77    community service there are more opportunities than there    78    were when one first began work. Most voluntary organizations have only a small fulltime    79   and depend very much on volunteers and part-timers. This means that working relationships are different from those in commercial organizationsand values may be different.

   80    some ways they may seem more casual and less efficientbut one should not    81    them by commercial criteria. The people who work with them do so for different reasons and with different    82   both personal and    83   . One should not join them    84    to arm them with professional expertisethey must be joined with commitment to the    85   not business efficiency. Because salaries are    86    or non-existent many voluntary bodies offer modest expenses. But many retired people take part in community service for    87   simply because they enjoy the work.

Many community activities possible    88    retirement were also possible during one’s working life but they are to be undertaken    89    seriously for that. Retired people who are just looking for something different or unusual to do should not consider    90    community service.

71.   A. oversea                 B. over sea                  C. over seas          D. overseas

72.   A. as                         B. so                          C. then                         D. that

73.   A. quantity                     B. qualifying                 C. quality                 D. qualified

74.   A. partially                    B. partly                  C. particularly         D. passionately

75.   A. order                        B. operate                 C. offer                 D. occupy

76.   A. which                       B. where                  C. as                          D. that

77.   A. paying                       B. paid                         C. to be paid                D. pay

78.   A. before                       B. lately                        C. never                  D. ever

79.   A. team                        B. number                 C. staff                   D. crowd

80.   A. In                       B. By                          C. With                  D. Through

81.   A. look at                       B. comment                 C. enjoy                  D. judge

82.   A. subjective               B. subject                  C. objectives         D. objects

83.   A. organization             B. organizational                C. organized                 D. organizing

84.   A. expecting               B. to expect                 C. being expected         D. expected

85.   A. course                B. cause                  C. case                  D. caution

86.   A. little                       B. small                  C. large                 D. big

87.   A. free                        B. freedom                 C. money                       D. something

88.   A. before                       B. on                          C. in                               D. at

89.   A. much                       B. very much          C. no more                 D. no less

90.   A. to be taken               B. to take                 C. taking                  D. being taken

Paper Two 试卷二(60 minutes

Part Error Detection and Correction10 minutes10 points

DirectionsEach of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked ABC and D. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect. Thenwrite down the corresponding letter andwithout altering the meaning of the sentenceput the correction on the ANSWER SHEET.

1. The warm winter helped dry out alive trees and bushesas well as the dead needlesleaves and

                         A   B                     C

limbs on the ground beneath the trees.

                   D

2. Researchers believe one way to minimizing the damage is to get better at predicting the risk of

                               A         B             C       D

fire.

3. Indications that the moon underwent a heavy bombardment(撞击)date back the early 1970s.

            A             B       C                         D

4. Alongside these technical skills we need to extend and refine our social skills. The basis of this

     A                                B

is to avoid any sense of be a special category of person.

    C             D

5. There is never any need to feel shameless or even childish in wanting to move on to new

                              A                      B      C      D

experiences.

 

6. Only occasionally one could take a break out of seasongetting the best bargainsthough not

                    A                B            C

necessarily the best weather.

  D

7. Some people choose to go on cruises as a way of rewarding themselves. Certainly if you have

               A

plenty of money this can be a good ideathough it may not turn off quite as expected.

                   B                               C            D

8. Overseas travel sounds excited and sometimes exotic but not everyone can afford it.

     A                 B                 C                        D

9. Many of the ships went down with valuable treasurebut none of them has made great treasure

                    A                                          B

tales. As a good winetreasure is improved by age.

     C                                D

10. A lot of urban people come into the country and suddenly become terrible concerned about its

                          A                  B            C

appearance and what the farmer is doing.

              D

Part Translation20 minutes10 points

DirectionsTranslate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

过去50年其实并不是发明创新的黄金时期。从19001950年,改变人类生活的发明有汽车、飞机、电话、收音机、电视机——当然还有核武器和计算机。而近50年来,只有为数不多的发明。难道发明的源泉已经枯竭了吗?答案并非如此。事实上,发明的新时代刚刚开始。

Part Guided Writing30 minutes15 points

DirectionsFor this partyou are to write a composition of 120-150 words on the following topic

The Greatest Invention in the Past Century

In your compositionyou should clearly state your opinion and give reasons to support your argument. Write your composition on the ANSWER SHEET.

2001年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试试题答案与解析

Paper One试卷一(90 minutes

Part Listening Comprehersien(略)

Part Vocabulary

Section A

16.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】今年五月份的气温略低于往年的平均温度。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】rather“宁愿,宁可,相当”;very“非常”;a little“有点,少许”;less“较少地,不及”。四个选项中只有C能修饰比较级。somewhat“稍微,有点”。

17.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】他不允许一些不寻常的障碍阻挠他与敌人的战斗。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】interior“内部”;obstacle“障碍”;interruption“中断,打断”;interference“冲突,干涉”。stop sb. from doing sth.意思为“阻止某人做某事”,可以推断barrier含义为“障碍”。barrier“障碍物,栅栏,屏障”。

18.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】下学期苏珊必须选三门必修课。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】formal“正式的,合礼仪的”;voluntary“志愿的,自发的”;practical“实践的,实用的”;required“必需的”。修饰courses最合适的为Dcompulsory“强制的,义务的,必修的”。

19.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】两种情形中的任何一种发生,就可能采取错误的控制行为,而可能的意外事故就会随之发生。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】import“进口,引进”;install“安装,安置”;start“出发,开始,发动,启动”;interview“接见,会见”。四个选项中,accident只有与started连用才能保证语义连贯。

20.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】现在约一半在社会福利部门工作的女性是兼职的,而在私营部门中这一比例只有38%

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】guarantee“保证,担保,抵押品”;farewell“辞别,再见”;well-off“富裕的,处境好的”;well-being“福利”。根据语义,social welfareprivate sector是对称的关系,可以推测welfare的含义可能为“公共福利(事业)”。

21.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】目前还不是很清楚报道的增加是源于人类活动的增多,还是仅仅因为调查增加的结果。

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】flow“流动”;come from“来自,出生于”;derive from“得自,由来,衍生”;originate from“发源于”。句子前后是因果关系,后半部分介绍的是报道增加的可能的原因,originate from最切合语境。

22.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】在这一类案件中法官必须行使刚才描述的、专断性的权力。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】avail“有利于”;use“使用,利用,耗费”;have“持有”;display“陈列,展览,显示”。“行使权力 ”符合语义连贯要求,所以选择useexercise“行使”。

23.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】最近的研究提出了一个问题,即电影中的暴力和现实生活中的暴力是否存在联系。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】suppose“假设,猜想”;poise“使平衡,使悬着,保持姿势”;arouse“唤醒,唤起,鼓励”;raise“抬起,提高,提出(问题等),饲养”。pose / raise the question“提出问题”。

24.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】洪水破坏了古桥的基石。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】weaken“削弱”;reach“达到”;spoil“糟蹋,宠坏”;cover“覆盖,掩盖”。undermine“破坏”。

25.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】经常被提及的濒危物种的例子是熊猫。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】worried“闷闷不乐的”;neglected“被忽视的”;reduced“减少的,简化的”;mentioned“提及的,说起的”。例子一般只能列举或提及,D是正确选项。cited“引用的,引证的”。

26.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】许多心理学家认为,“不打不成器”这一传统说法是不合理的。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】helpful“有帮助的,有用的,有益的”;kind“仁慈的,和蔼的,亲切的”;sensible“明智的,有判断力的”;effective“有效的”。根据argue可知,心理学家对上述传统观点是持批评态度的。rational“合理的”。

27.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】提供一流的服务是航空公司为吸引顾客采取的策略之一。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】method“方法”;attitude“态度,看法”;thought“思考,想法”;solution“解决方法,答案,溶解”。航空公司想吸引顾客,必须采用一些方法,所以method符合语境。tactics“战术,策略”。

28.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】当你选择职业时,最好咨询一下你的好朋友。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】career“生涯,职业”;holiday“假期,假日”;plan“计划”;research“研究,调查”。从四个选项来看,需要与很多朋友商议的只能是careervocation“行业,职业,号召”。

29.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】警察正在尽全力追回被盗的雕像。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】 retrieve“重新得到,找回”;detain“拘留,留住”;track“追踪”;detect“察觉,探查”;get back“恢复,找回(失物等),上台重新(执政)”。

30.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】由于天气条件恶劣,旅行者停下来露营。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】local“当地的,局部的”;unfamiliar“不熟悉的,没经验的”;good“优良的,有益的”;unfavorable“不宜的,不顺利的”。旅行者因为天气条件停下来露营,肯定是由于天气条件恶劣,D是正确答案。adverse“不利的,敌对的”。

Section B

31. 【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】过去22年真是令人惊讶,我们做的每个关于改进的预言都实现了。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】come over“过来”;come down“倒塌,没落,生病”;come along“出现,发生,伴随”;come true“实现,达到”。

32.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】任何违反规则的人都会被勒令当场离开。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】on the spot“当场,在危险中,处于负责地位”,属于固定搭配。没有其他的三种用法。

33.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】玛丽无愧于她非凡的名声。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】live up to“无愧于,达到”,live on“生存”,live down“改正行为而使(以往的坏事)被人遗忘”,没有live up 这个搭配。

34.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】出席昨天电台现场直播的开幕式的其他来宾有州长和市长。

【考点类型】修饰共现

【考点剖析】live“现场直播的”,alive“现存的,有活力的”,lively“可爱的”,living“活的,生动的”,只有live 才能表达这种意思。

35.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】当经理被任命时,他被告知要承担的是一份很有压力的工作。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】appoint“任命”,point“指出”,assign“分派”,disappoint“失望”。经理自然是被“任命”的,所以选A

36.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】她的丈夫对设计电子装置很感兴趣。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】management“管理”,safety“安全,安全设施”,devices“设备,装置”,routine“例行公事,常规”,与electronic搭配的只有device

37.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】手势是一种传达信息的重要方式。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】convey“传达”,study“学习”,exploit“利用,开发”,keep“保持”。message只能是“传达”的。

38.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】为了首相对四国的正式访问,人们做了精心的准备。

【考点类型】语义共现

【考点剖析】wise“明智的,聪明的”,elaborate“精心的,复杂的”,optional“可选的”,neutral“中立的,漠不关心的”。既然是首相出访,自然前期的准备是精心而充分的。所以选择B

39.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】这份地方晚报有25000份的发行量。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】number“数量”,contribution“贡献,捐赠”,circulation“发行量”,cele-bration“庆祝,庆典”,报纸的发行量只能用circulation

40.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】苏珊太爱吃巧克力了,因此她很难抵御巧克力的诱惑。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】sight“视力,景象”,brand“品牌”,variety“多样性”,temptation“引诱,诱惑”,抵御巧克力的只能是它的“诱惑”,所以选择D

41.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】在当地市场上,普遍出售的是外来的水果和蔬菜。

【考点类型】反义复现

【考点剖析】exotic“外来的”,enough“足够的”,limited“有限的”,famous“著名的”。句子开头说local“当地的”,实际上是对后半句话做出的一个对比,即本地的市场和外来的蔬菜水果。

42.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】几个月后,这些移民开始熟悉新的环境。

【考点类型】固定搭配

【考点剖析】confident“自信”,sick“生病,厌恶”,happy“高兴,愉悦”,accustomed“习惯于”,对于新的环境只能是“习惯于”。

43.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】如果你平日里生机勃勃的宠物变蔫了,那它们有可能是生病了。

【考点类型】反义复现

【考点剖析】traditionally“传统上”,rarely“罕见地”,normally“一般地,通常地”,continually“不断地”。宠物在“通常”是不生病,生机勃勃的。所以选C

44.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】语言是人类拥有的特别的能力。

【考点类型】修饰共现

【考点剖析】unique“特别的,独有的”,average“一般的”,collective“集体的,共同的”,single“单独的,个别的”。人类语言的能力是“独一无二的”,因此A符合题意。

45.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】约翰很少喝咖啡,因为他不喜欢咖啡的味道。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】stand for“代表,代替”,care about“关心”,cope with“处理,应付”,care for“喜欢”。不喝咖啡自然是不“喜欢”咖啡的味道。所以选D

Part Reading Comprehension

Passage One

美国人通常认为他们自己是友好的民族。然而,他们的友谊往往比其他文化的人们之间的友谊更短暂、更随意。对于美国人来说,他们一生中只有一个最亲密的朋友是很正常的,而把其他“朋友”仅仅当成是社交场上的熟人。这种态度可能与美国人的流动性有关,也可能与他们不喜欢依赖别人有关。美国人趋向于把友谊分类,有“工作中的朋友”、“垒球队的朋友”和“家庭朋友”等。

由于美国是一个高度活跃的社会,总是处于流动和变化中,所以人们似乎总是在运动中。在这种变动性很高的环境下,美国人有时似乎显得无礼或没有耐心。他们希望尽快地了解你,然后转向其他的事情。交往初期,他们可能会问你一些你感到很私人的问题。他们绝对不是有意冒犯你,这些问题通常是出于他们真正的兴趣或好奇心,他们没有耐心去了解事情的本质。你也同样可以这么做。如果你不了解美国人的某种行为,或者你想知道关于他们的更多事情,直接问他们这些问题就可以了。美国人通常渴望向你解释你所感兴趣的所有关于他们国家的事情,或是任何“美国的事情”。事实上,这么多的事情你可能会听厌烦,但没有关系,因为美国人通常对一场谈话中的沉默感到不自在。比如,他们宁愿谈论天气或最新的体坛赛事也不愿意应付沉默的场面。

另外,不要指望美国人通晓世界地理或国际事务,除非这些事务与美国直接有关。因为与美国接壤的国家不太多,所以有些美国人往往不重视世界上其他国家的事务。

46.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】主旨归纳题          

【解析过程】本文的主旨是       

A. 美国文化                                                   B. 美国社会

C. 美国人的活动                                            D. 美国人的性格

线索1:文章的第1段提到“It is not uncommon for Americans to have only one close friends during their lifetimeand consider otherfriendsto be just social acquaintance.”他们通常一生只有一个亲密朋友,而把其他“朋友”只看成社交场上的熟人。

线索2:文章的第2段提到“...Americans can sometimes seem brusque or impatient...”美国人有时可能显得无礼或不耐烦。“...Americans are usually eager to explain all about their country or anythingAmeircan in which you may be interested.... ”美国人通常期望向你解释你所感兴趣的有关他们国家的所有事情,或是“美国的事情”。在这篇文章的上下我们都可以看出,作者一直在讲述美国人的性格,与其他国家的人不同的性格特征。表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题目主要是测试学生对文章的总体把握,需要学生对文章的主旨有个清晰的概念。本文不是在讲美国的文化,而是美国人在美国的这些独特文化、社会和一些活动中形成的独特性格。

47.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】细节判断题          

【解析过程】根据文章内容,下面哪句话表述不正确?

A. 美国人不喜欢依赖别人。                          B. 美国人之间的友谊往往是偶然的。

C. 美国人对国际事件了然于心。                    D. 美国人好像总是在忙碌。

线索:文章的第3段提到“On the other handdont expect Americans to be knowledgeable about international geography or world affairs...”另外,不要指望美国人了解世界地理或国际事务……显然选项C与文章中的描述是截然不同的。选项ABD依次在文章中第1段、第2段中提及。故选项C是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题主要是考查学生对细节的敏感度。理解了第3段的第1句就可以做出正确判断。同时,这个题是问哪句表述不正确,所以一定要小心。

48.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】词汇解析题          

【解析过程】第2段中的“highly charged”这一词组最有可能意指       

A. 极度自由的                                               B. 高度负责任的

C. 非常高兴                                                   D. 充满了运动和变化

线索:文章的第2段提到“Because the United States is a highly active societyfull of movement and changepeople always seem to be on the go. In this highly charged atmosphere... ”这里this指代的是充满活力和变化的国家。highly charged 指的是前面的highly active full of movement and change,表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题是词汇解析题。主要是考查大家对文章的理解程度和逻辑能力。只要大家能把握好第2段第1句话与第2句话之间的逻辑关系,就能够做出正确判断。另外,文章中没有mobility这个词,那我们可以选择最贴近的选项,如mobility就是movement的近义词。

49.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑推理题          

【解析过程】从文中我们可以推断出       

A. 美国人想参加各种各样的活动

B. 美国人的性格受到他们的社会环境和地域环境的影响

C. 美国人不知道如何处理沉默

D. 好奇心是美国人具有的特征

线索1:文章的第2段提到“In this highly charged atmosphereAmericans can sometimes seem brusque or impatient.”从这句话可以看出美国人的性格受到了美国社会环境的影响。

线索2:文章的第3段提到“Because the United States is not surrounded by many other nationssome Americans tend to ignore the rest of the world.”从该句可以看出美国人的性格受到了他们地域环境的影响。表明选项B是正确答案。

选项A过于绝对,选项C文中在第2段提过美国人在面对沉默时感觉不舒服,所以喜欢找话题,但不是说他们知道如何处理。美国人提问题多是出于他们的好奇心,但并不表示好奇心是美国人具有的特征,故A、C、D三个选项都是不正确的。

【考点提示】该题考查大家的逻辑推理能力,要回答这个题,首先要知道第2段开头讲的就是美国的社会环境,再谈及美国人的性格。第3段主要是讲述美国地域环境对美国人性格的影响。这样就可以做出正确判断。

50.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】细节推断题          

【解析过程】根据本文内容,美国人往往忽略了世界的其他地方,是因为       

A. 他们对其他国家不感兴趣

B. 他们过于自傲

C. 他们的国家没有很多的邻国

D. 他们太忙了,没有时间向其他国家学习

线索:文章的第3段提到“Because the United States is not surrounded by many other nationssome American tend to ignore the rest of the world.”句中be surrounded by ...的意思是:由……围绕。也就是说周围没有太多的邻国,这就表明选项C是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题主要是细节题。只要大家知道is surrounded by的含义,就可以做出正确的判断,这正是该题的题眼。应该说这道题的难度不是很大。

Passage Two

你想大致了解卫生保健的未来吗?看一看与病人护理有关的各种人际网络互相连在一起的方式,再看一看这种新的连接如何被用来给病人运送药物,不管他或她身在何处。

在线医生根据标准的症状给病人提建议是最明显的例子。当然,越来越多的远程诊断(电子医疗)将以实际病人的真实生理数据为依据。肯塔基大学的一个小组通过利用现成的PDA(个人数据辅助)证实:利用一个掌上操纵器加上一部移动电话,完全可以通过电话传送病人的重要病症。急救包中有了这种仪器后,大声呼叫屋子里是否有医生将成为历史。

其他的医疗科技小组正在致力于把电子医疗运用到远程护理中。至少有一个小组希望把电子医疗作为一种工具来应对灾难,尤其是地震后。总的说来,趋势正朝着在全球范围内提供医疗数据和专门知识的方向发展。

但是,还有一个问题,带宽是在全球范围内传送复杂医疗图像的一个限制因素,而CT扫描是最大的带宽使用者。通信卫星也许能够满足短期需求比如地震、战争或饥荒等灾难期间。但是,为了传送医疗技术的未来,医学正在期待利用第二代互联网和第三代移动电话。

医生已经开会探讨了关于以计算机为基础工具进行医疗诊断、培训以及电子医疗的问题。随着带宽通信价格的下降,新技术将会迎来一个崭新的时代,电子医疗以及共享医疗信息、专家意见和诊断将变得很普遍。

51.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节推断题          

【解析过程】远程诊断的基础将是       

A. 病人符合标准的症状                                 B. 个人数据辅助

C. 传递的复杂医学映像                                  D. 从病人那里获取的生理学数据

线索:文章的第2段提到“Increasinglyhoweverremote diagnosistelemedicine will be based on real physiological data from the actual patient.”这道题只是这句话的一个变形,把原文中的based变成名词basis,其实问的就是远程诊断的基础是什么?表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题主要是考查大家对句子和词语的理解程度。只要知道basisbase的名词,这样问题也就迎刃而解了。

52.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】释义题          

【解析过程】句子“the cry asking whether there was a doctor in the house could well be a thing of the past”意指       

A. 现在人们不会去问房间里是否有医生

B. 病人过去往往会哭并问房间里是否有医生

C. 过去人们经常哭喊并问房间里是否有医生

D. 病人现在依然在问房间里是否有医生

线索:文章的第2段提到要解释的这句话,这里如果学生理解“could well be a thing of the past”,问题也就迎刃而解了。这个短语的含义是:可能会成为历史,也暗指这类的事情不会再发生。表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题主要考查大家对词义的理解能力,这个句子的主语比较长,主语是cry,但是其后有个长长的动词短语来修饰cry,谓语动词是could well be a thing of the past。关键是理解past的含义,这样同学们就可以找出正确答案。

53.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断题          

【解析过程】下面的句子除了        ,都是正确的。

A. 现在通过电话发送病人的关键图片很方便

B. 文中提到洪水不属于灾难之列 

C. 运用远距离医学的大趋向是提供全球医学数据

D. 许多医疗队把远程医学当做灾难发生后的处理工具使用

线索:文章的第3段提到“And at least one team wants to use telemedicine as a tool for disaster response-especially after earthquakes.”这句话是说将来至少有一个医疗队想把远距离医学当做灾难发生后应对的工具,特别是发生地震后。这说明现在并没有医疗队使用远距离医学,这表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】该题是问哪个表述是不正确的,所以做题时一定要注意这个前提,而且在对表述作判断时一定要注意时态与原文句子的细微差别。

54.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】逻辑推理题          

【解析过程】第四段中的单词“问题”指的是什么事实?

A. 没有足够的移动电话来分配医学信息。

B. CT扫描仪是最大的宽带使用者之一。

C. 用宽带在全球发送复杂的医学映像不合适。

D. 通信卫星只能处理灾难中的短期需求。

线索:文章的第4段第2句话提到“Bandwidth is the limiting factor for transmitting complex medical images around the world.”从这句话我们可以分析出,带宽是在全球范围内发送复杂医学映像的限制因素,既然是限制因素,又如何可以被使用?!这表明选项C是正确答案。同时,选项A文中并未提及,选项B所提及的本身就不是问题,选项D描述的与文中所述不符。故应选C

【考点提示】这道题的难度稍微大点,在处理时首先可以采用细节分析法。在文章第4段的第2句话中其实就提到了“问题”,只要知道limiting factor的含义,这个问题也就可以解决了。只是选项D可能会成为一个迷惑大家的选项,关键是only这个词不对,在做题的时候一定要注意。

55.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】主旨归纳题              

【解析过程】本文的合适题目可能是       

A. 通信的改进                                               B. 在线医生流行

C. 远程医疗的应用                                         D. 如何做远程诊断

线索:文章的第2段提到“Online doctors offering based on standardized symptoms are the most obvious example.”在线医生根据标准的症状给病人提建议是最典型的例子。最后一段提到,“Doctors have met to discuss computer-based tools for medical diagnosistraining and telemedicine.”医生已经开会进行了一些探讨,利用那些以电脑为基础的设备来进行医疗诊断、培训以及远距离医治。我们还可以从文中看出,A C D三个选项都是在说明如何改进和提高在线医生治疗所面临的障碍。不能单独作为本文的主题。表明选项B是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题是个主旨归纳题,目的是考查大家的归纳能力,如何能够从文中抽出文章的主旨。在做题时,大家应该把握住文章的主线,排除文章中的细节,这样才不会被迷惑。

Passage Three

本周,英国报纸刊登的图片是查尔斯王子18岁的儿子、威廉王子在国外打扫厕所的照片,这些照片引起了一股利他主义的潮流。组织威廉王子这次旅行的慈善机构“Raleigh International”收到的关于自愿到国外服务的咨询上升了30%。但是,威廉王子所代表的理想主义青年形象不再是志愿者队伍的真实情况。这支队伍的年龄正变得越来越大。

海外志愿服务(VSO)在全世界范围内大约有2000名志愿者。在20世纪90年代中期,人们的兴趣有所下降之后,申请出国工作的人数达到创纪录的水平。去年,7645人递交了申请,920人成功地通过了VSO的挑选过程,被派往海外。该组织在1959年成立时,志愿者的平均年龄是20出头。现在,平均年龄为35岁,未来还将更高。

一部分原因是,因为更多老年人想从事海外志愿服务。更多的人提前退休;VSO的首席执行官说,更多的人“觉得他们仍然可以付出更多,而且身体状况良好”。大多数志愿者想去非洲和亚洲国家的要求也在发生变化。这些国家的教育水平在过去几十年里有了提高。所以他们希望那些资格更高、更有技能和经验的人来到本国。

BESO(英国海外服务管理部门)招聘至少有15年经验的管理人员和商人签订到海外工作的短期合同。BESO每年安排500个工作岗位,目前供给已经超过需求。BESO的一位发言人说,该组织“受到限制是因为缺少资金而不是因为缺少志愿者”。

有热情但不够资格的学生不再像以前他们担任会计、管理人员和医生那样引人注目。目前,典型的志愿者是那些至少可以做五年全职工作并且很有资格的人。在提供给志愿者的职业中,占最大比例的是教育部门——校长、学校督察和课堂教师。

56. 【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节理解题

【解析过程】根据本文内容,志愿者们       

A. 变得越来越老                                            B. 变得更少了

C. 没有经验,也不合格                                  D. 大多数是学生

线索:文章的第1段提到“But the image of idealistic youth that William presents no longer reflects the reality of the volunteer force. Its getting older and older.”这里的it指代的就是前面提及的volunteer force。因而只要理解了volunteer force,问题也就解决了。force可以作动词,表示“迫使某人做某事”;作名词讲时,表示力量,武力,或军队,一群人等。如:workforce,劳动力。volunteer force指的就是志愿者队伍,即志愿者们,这也就表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题是考查大家对词的理解,即volunteer force。说到底也就是对force的理解。这是解决该题的难点之处。

57.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断题          

【解析过程】下面有关威廉王子的句子除了        ,都是正确的。

A. 他的旅行引起了一股利他主义热潮

B. 他的旅行是由一个政府机构组织的

C. 他展现了理想主义年轻人的风貌

D. 年龄上,他不是一个代表性的志愿者

线索:文章的第1段A、C、D选项都被提及,唯独B没有被提及,文章中提到的是“Raleigh Internationalthe charity that organized his trip...”这里作者并没有告诉我们这个组织是否是政府机构。这就表明选项B是正确答案。

【考点提示】可以采用排除法。

58.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节分析题          

【解析过程】从文章第2段我们可以知道       

A. 20世纪90年代中期,申请去国外工作的人数减少了

B. 现在志愿者的平均年龄并不比40年前的志愿者大

C. 那些递交申请的大多数人是被挑选再被派到国外的

D. 20世纪90年初期申请去国外工作的人数比后期要多

线索:文章的第2段提到“Aftera dip in interest in the mid-1990sapplications to work abroad are at record levels. ”这里关键是要理解单词dip的含义,dip除了有“浸,沾”之义,也有水平或数量上的降低之义。这就表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题的难点在dip一词上,考点也在dip一词上。因此,在平时单词积累时一定要对单词进行全方面的了解。

59.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】逻辑推理题              

【解析过程】越来越多的老年人想参加海外志愿服务是因为       

. 更多的人早年退休

. 更多的老年人感觉他们身体状况很好

. 志愿者要去的那些海外国家想要那些有更老的资格、更多的技术和经验的志愿者。

A.                    B.                     C. 三个原因都是                D. Ⅰ和Ⅱ

线索:文章的第3段中,这三个原因都被提及,这表明选项C是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题的难度不是很大,文章的第3段是解题的关键。

60.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑判断题          

【解析过程】根据文中最后一段话,现今典型的志愿者可能是       

A. 一个热情但不能胜任工作的年轻学生         B. 一个非常合格的校长或老师

C. 一个有着15年经验的行政人员或商人        D. 一个经验丰富的会计、经理或医生

线索:文章最后一段的最后两句话是解决这个问题的题眼,对这最后两句话的理解是至关重要的,但也是有难度的。这句话指出现在的典型志愿者是:全职,受雇至少五年,而且非常合格的。这表明选项B是正确答案。而选项ACD都可以被排除。

【考点提示】这个题考查的是逻辑分析和归纳能力。

Passage Four

由于全世界只剩下大约1000只大熊猫,所以中国正在尽全力克隆大熊猫,以拯救这一濒危的物种。这一行动与得克萨斯A&M大学的一名研究人员在过去五年中一直从事的一个名为“诺亚方舟”的项目相似。

Dtlaile Kraemer博士是得克萨斯A&M大学兽医学院的一名教授,也是胚胎移植工作以及相关过程的先驱。他说,他对中国的努力表示敬意,并说:“我希望他们能够取得最大的成功。这是一个很有意义工程,当然也是一项不容易的工程,这和我们在得克萨斯A&M大学正在尝试做的工作非常相似,即拯救濒临灭绝的动物。”

“诺亚方舟”旨在收集濒临灭绝物种的卵子、胚胎、精子以及DNA,并把它们储存在液态氮中。Kraemer说,如果某个物种将要灭绝,就会有足够的基本建设材料以便在将来重新创造该物种。

据估计,在未来100年内,多达2000种哺乳动物、鸟类和爬行动物将会灭绝。只产于中国的大熊猫也将在未来25年内处于灭绝的危险中。

本周,中国的科学家说,他们通过提取一只死亡的雌性熊猫的细胞并移植到一只日本白兔的卵细胞中培育出了一个胚胎。如今,他们正在尝试把该胚胎移植到一个寄主动物体内。

整个过程需要35年的时间完成。

Kraemer认为,“把一个物种的细胞核移植到另一个物种体内并不容易,主要问题是缺少可利用的大熊猫的卵子”。

“也许他们得做几百次移植才能完成一次大熊猫受孕。这需要花费很长时间,而且很难,但是,如果成功的话,这可能成为富有创造性的科学。他们肯定不会拿活的大熊猫去冒险,所以这样的努力是值得的。”Kraemer补充说,他是得克萨斯A&M大学Missyplicity项目的领导人之一,也是最早尝试克隆狗的人。

“他们正在尝试人类从来没有做过的事情,这与我们在‘诺亚方舟’工程中的工作非常相似。我们都在试图拯救濒临灭绝的动物。我肯定为他们所做出的努力而喝彩,我们可以从他们正在尝试做的事情中学到很多东西。这是一项非常有必要的研究。”

61.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】逻辑推理题          

【解析过程】“诺亚方舟”项目的目标是       

A. 在拯救大熊猫事件上,向中国人所做的努力致敬

B. 把胚胎移植到一个宿主身上

C. 从一只死亡母熊猫身上提取细胞移植到一只日本白兔的卵细胞中

D. 拯救濒临灭绝的动物 

线索:文章的第1段提到“With only about 1000 pandas left in the worldChina is desperately trying to clone the animal and save the endangered species.”从这句中可以看出中国正在极力拯救濒临灭绝的动物,紧接的第2句话说这与一个叫做“Noahs Ark”的项目相似,故可以推断出诺亚方舟(Noahs Ark)的目的也是为了拯救濒临灭绝的动物,这表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题的题眼就在文章的第1段,主要考查大家的逻辑推理能力,把握住be similar to 这个词组的含义,进行分析推理就可以得出答案。

62.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节考查题          

【解析过程】按照本文内容,中国的“熊猫克隆”项目需多长时间?

A. 35                   B. 一年                       C. 25                       D. 两年

线索:文章的第6段提到“The entire procedure could take from three to five years to complete.”即完成全过程可能需35年的时间。这表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这是个细节考查题,只要大家细心些,注意关注细微的地方,就可以轻而易举地找到正确答案。

63.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】词义解析题

【解析过程】第7段中“groundbreaking”可以被解释为       

A. 富有创造性的                                            B. 基本上是新的

C. 划时代的                                                   D. 进化的

线索:文章的第7段提到“It takes a long time and its difficultbut this could be groundtaking science if it works.”这需要很长时间,也很困难,但是,如果移植成功的话,这可能成为富有创造性的科学。表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题是词义解析题。要理解某个单词的含义,就要在它所处的语境中去理解,逻辑上来进行推断。

64.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节考查题          

【解析过程】按Kraemer教授的意思,什么是克隆熊猫的主要问题?

A. 缺少宿主。                                               B. 缺少现有的熊猫卵子。

C. 缺少资金。                                                D. 缺少合格的研究者。

线索:文章的第8段提到“‘The nuclear transfer of one species to another is not easyand the lack of available panda eggs could be a major problem,’Kraemer believes.Kraemer认为,“将一个物种的细胞核移植到另一物种体内是件不容易的事情,缺少可利用的大熊猫的卵子可能是一个主要问题”。表明选项B是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题是细节考查题。题眼就在文章第7段的开头Kraemer教授所说的那句话。这需要善于捕捉文章里的信息。

65.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】主旨归纳题          

【解析过程】本文的最佳题目可能是       

A. 中国在克隆熊猫方面所做的努力                B. 中国——永远是熊猫的故乡

C. 探索克隆熊猫的可能性                              D. 中国的第一只克隆熊猫

线索1:文章的第1段提到“With only about 1000 pandas left in the worldChina is desperately trying to clone the animal and save the endangered species.”说明中国试图克隆,但还未成功,选项D是错误的。

线索2:文章的第3段提到“The pandanative only to Chinais in danger of becoming extinct in the next 25 years.”说明该选项B范围太小,不是本文讨论的重点。故选项B排除。

线索3:文章的最后一段提到“They are trying to do something thats never been doneand ... I certainly applaud their effort and theres ....”这说明中国现在不只是在探索克隆熊猫的可能性,确确实实做了很多的努力,故选项C还不足以作本文的题目,所以应选A

【考点提示】这个题是个主旨归纳题,考查学生如何归纳文章主题。这里我们可以采用排除法,把不合适的选项先排除掉。

Passage Five

如果有一件事情科学家不愿意听的话,那就是:游戏结束了。他们是在“科学探索永无止境”这样的信念下成长的,大多数最好的东西已经被发现了,这样的暗示让他们畏缩不前。如果这些东西已经被发现了,那么今天的科学家能对科学的交响乐贡献的只不过是几个装饰音符罢了。

本周在英国将要出版的一本书 《科学的末日》 令人信服地说,事实就是如此。该书的作者约翰·霍根是 《科学的美国》 杂志的一名高级撰稿人,采访了许多当今科学界的领军人物和自然科学哲学家。他说,当他同牛津大学的数学家、物理学家罗杰·潘罗斯爵士交谈时,他意识到科学可能已经终结了,这一意识令他感到震惊。

去年,《科学的末日》 在美国引起了一股谴责浪潮。霍根先生说,“人们的反应完全是震惊和怀疑”。

真正的问题是:是否存在大量尚未解决的问题需要科学家们去寻求普遍的解决方案。如果没有,那么科学发现的核心就已经缩小了。从20世纪60年代取得胜利以来——如基因密码、板块构造说以及为证明大爆炸理论走了很长一段路的微波背景辐射,真正的科学革命已经变少了。现在,更多的科学家还很积极,在科学研究上花费了更多的金钱。然而,19世纪和20世纪的大多数伟大发现是在国家的提倡之前就已经出现的,那时的科学事业还只是现在规模的一个零头。

创造了这些发明的科学家比现在的科学家聪明吗?似乎不可能。一个更合理的解释是:基础科学已经进入一个回报减少的时期。“注意,不要误会我的意思,”霍根先生说。“仍然有许多重要的事情需要去研究,应用科学与工程科学可以永远持续下去。我希望我们能够找到治愈癌症以及智障的方法,尽管似乎还没有显示出取得进展的迹象。”

66.   【正确答案】D    

【考点类型】推理判断题          

【解析过程】句子“most of the best things have already been located”的意思是       

A. 大多数最好的事情已经发生了变化            B. 大多数最好的事情可能会发生变化

C. 从没有这么多最好事情等待被发现             D. 世界的大多数秘密已经被发现

线索:文章的第1段提到“Raised on the belief of an endless voyage of discoverythey recoil from the suggestion that most of the best things have already been located.”成长在“科学探索永无止境”这样的信念下,大多数最好的东西已经被发现了,这样的暗示让他们畏缩不前。此处,be located 作“被发现”讲,故选项D是正确的。

【考点提示】这个题主要是对locate这个词在某一特殊语境的具体含义的考查。这就需要学生能够在上下文的语境下推测判断单词的含义。这也是解决生词或者单词的其他含义的很好途径。在语境中理解单词,认识单词。

67.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】逻辑推断题          

【解析过程】约翰·霍根        

. 已经出版了名为 《科学的末日》 一书

. 一直在 《科学美国》 杂志社做编辑

. 多年来一直从事文学批评

. 现在是一名科学作家

A Ⅰ和Ⅱ                 B.Ⅰ                          C Ⅰ和Ⅳ                 D Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅳ

线索:文章的第2段提到“A book to be published in Britain this weekThe End of Scienceargues persuasively that this is the case. Its authorJohn Horganis a senior writer for Scientific American magazine...”本周将要在英国出版的一本书 《科学的末日》,令人信服地说,事实就是如此。该书的作者约翰·霍根是 《科学的美国》 杂志的资深撰稿人,……这里,提到了约翰·霍根的名为 《科学的末日》 这本书在这周被出版,而且他也是 《科学的美国》 杂志的一名资深撰稿人。这表明选项C是正确答案。

【考点提示】这是一个逻辑推断题,主要考查学生的逻辑推断能力。要解决这个问题,就要吃透文章第2段的内容,要学会从第2段中抽出这个题所需的主要内容。

68.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】推理判断题          

【解析过程】在过去的几十年内,没有许多真正的科学革命是因为       

A. 在基础科学研究方面的回报减少

B. 科学家们的重要事情太多而无法作研究

C. 实用科学和工程学占用了太多的时间和能量

D. 现今的科学家没有过去的科学家们智商高

线索:文章的第5段提到“Were the scientists who made these discoveries brighter than todaysThat seems unlikely. A far more reasonable explanation is that fundamental science has already entered a period of diminished returns.”难道当时做出这些发现的科学家比现在的科学家聪明吗?似乎不可能。一个更合理的解释是:基础科学已经进入回报减少的时期。这里diminished的意思是:减少,与decrease是近义词。这表明选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】这是推理判断题,主要是考查学生的逻辑推理能力。在逻辑推理的同时也要把握关键词如diminished的含义,这样问题就解决了。

69.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】推理判断题          

【解析过程】“大爆炸”这个词语可能指的是       

A. 基因密码理论                                            B. 地质学理论

C. 宇宙起源理论                                            D. 起源和原子能

线索:文章的第4段提到“Since the triumphs of the 1960sthe genetic codeplate teconicsand the microwave background radiation that went a long way towards proving the Big Bang... ”从20世纪60年代取得胜利(如:基因密码、板块构造说以及在证明大爆炸理论方面走了很长一段路的微波背景辐射)以来,……这里“微波背景辐射”主要是对宇宙的研究。表明选项C是正确答案。

【考点提示】这个题的题眼是对专业名词“microwave background radiation”(微波背景辐射)的掌握。这个专业名词需要一定的专业背景知识,难度在这里。

70. 【正确答案】D

【考点类型】主旨归纳题          

【解析过程】该文的最佳标题是       

A. 重大的科学发现将永远不可能出现            B. 现代科学家们一定遇到艰难的挑战

C. 政府支持和科学机构都是徒劳                    D. 重大科学发现的机会寥寥无几

线索1:文章的第1段提到“If there is one thing scientists have to hearit is that the game is over.”如果有一件事情科学家不愿意听的话,那就是:游戏结束了。

线索2:文章的第2段提到“The shock of realizing that science might be over came to himhe sayswhen he was talking to Oxford mathematician and physicist Sir Roger Penrose.”他说,当他和牛津大学的数学家兼物理学Roger Penrose交谈时,让他感到震惊的是:科学可能结束了。

线索3:文章的第4段“Since the triumphs of the 1960sthe genetic codeplate tectonics(板块构造说),and the microwave background radiation that went a long way towards proving the Big Banggenuine scientific revolutions have been scarce.”从20世纪60年代取得胜利(如:基因密码、板块构造说以及在证明大爆炸理论方面走了很长一段路的微波背景辐射)以来,真正的科学革命已经很少了。这些线索均表明选项D是正确答案。

【考点提示】这道题是考查大家的综合归纳能力。在这里,大家要注意每段主要谈的是什么,贯穿在文章中的是什么主题。

Part Cloze

实际上,对于一个人如何为公共的利益服务没有什么限制——从一个星期为一些慈善机构服务几个小时到几乎为某个社会机构做全职工作。正如年轻人在做全职工作前有许多机会做   71   志愿服务工作一样,   72   技术人员   73   有机会从事发展中国家的海外服务工作。一些人,   74   那些退休早的人,为一些国家   75   自己的技术和经营技能——

   76   有特别需求的国家。

所以,当一个人第一次开始工作时,他考虑做志愿或   77   公共服务的机会就比   78    的机会多。大多数志愿服务机构只有很少的全职   79   ,它们主要依赖志愿人员和兼职人员。这就意味着,这样的工作关系与商业机构中的工作关系有所不同,其价值观念可能也不同。   80   某些方面,这些人看起来更随意,效率也更低,但是,人们不应该根据商业标准   81   他们。与这些人共事的人因为不同的原因和不同的   82   而与他们共事——既有个人的因素,也有   83   因素。人们不应该因为   84   为他们提供职业性的专门知识而加入这些机构;应该以献身于   85   的责任心而不是根据商业效率而加入这些机构。因为薪水   86   或是根本没有薪水,许多志愿机构提供适度的费用。但是,许多退休人员   87    从事公共服务工作,只是因为他们喜欢这样的工作。

人们   88   退休时可能从事的许多公共活动也可能在其在职期间从事,但是,   89    因此而重视这些活动。那些只是在寻求做不同或不寻常的事情的退休人员不应该考虑

   90   公共服务活动。

71.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】oversea“海外的,国外的”,overseas“在国外地”,BC并没有完整意义。此题应选择副词。

72.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】just as 只能够与so相衔接,即just as...so...,其他三项不能与just as共现。

73.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】quantity“数量”,qualifying“使具有资格的”,quality“质量”,qualified“胜任的,符合条件的”,根据题意选择D

74.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】partially“偏袒地”,partly“部分地”,particularly“特别地,格外地”,passionately“热情地”。文中此处是修饰某些特定的人,所以用particularly

75.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】order“命令”,operate“操作,运转”,offer“主动提供”,occupy“占据,占用”。与skill搭配的只能是offer

76.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】修饰地点的定语从句,用where引导。

77.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】paid“被给予报酬的”,其他的pay的同源词均不合题意。

78.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】before“以前”,lately“近来”,never“绝不”,只有ever表示“曾经”之意,放在谓语之前表达过去的意思。

79.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】team“团队”,number“一群人”,staff“职员”,crowd“人群”。在组织(organizations)中的是staff

80.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】固定搭配

【考点剖析】in some ways是固定搭配,意为“在某些方面”,其他三个介词不能与some ways同现。

81.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】句子意思是“人们不应当用商业标准去评价他们”。look atenjoy不符合题意,而comment是“评论”的意思,亦排除。只能用judge

82.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】空格处是名词,故排除subjective“主观的”这个形容词。subject“主题”和object“物体,目标”不符合题意。只有objective“目的,目标”满足题意要求。

83.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】空格里的词应与personal对应,因此选择organizational“组织的”,其他organize的形式均不合要求。

84.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】结构衔接

【考点剖析】句子的主语是one,因此现在分词expecting引导后面的不定式作目的状语。其他的expect的动词形式均不能担此功能。

85.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】course“课程”,cause“事业”,case“案例”,caution“小心”,献身事业只能选择cause

86.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】首先根据题意知道薪水是微薄的,因此排除biglarge,而修饰可数名词薪水(salaries)的词语只能是small

87.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】惯用衔接

【考点剖析】文中的意思是“很多退休人员免费提供社区服务”,只有for free表示“不收费”的意思。

88.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】结构衔接

【考点剖析】此处指的是退休人员可能的情况。in retirement“处于退休状态”,指一段时期,符合题意。at retirement“在退休的时候”,指一个短暂的时间。

89.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】本句的意思是,“机会虽然不少,但也不能因此而不认真对待”。因此,空格词应表示肯定或者双重否定的修饰词语。no less可以表达这种意思。其他选项不妥。

90.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】consider的用法是“consider doing”,因此选择C

Paper Two试卷二(60 minutes

Part Error Detection and Correction10 minutes10 points

1.    【正确答案】B,改为“living”。

【句子翻译】温暖的冬天使得活着的树木与矮树丛枯萎,同时也使树下地面上的松针、落叶、枯枝干枯。

【考点类型】同源词的辨析

【考点剖析】aliveliving都可以表示“活着的”意思,但前者可以作表语,一般不作前置定语;后者可以作前置定语。

2.    【正确答案】A,改为“to minimize”。

【句子翻译】调查者认为损失最小化的一种方法是更好地预测失火的危险。

【考点类型】不定式作定语

【考点剖析】名词way通常不用分词作定语,而是用不定式作定语。

【考点扩展】不定式作定语

通常置于所修饰的名词或代词之后,它与其所修饰的名词或代词可能是主谓关系。比如:He was always the first to come and the last to leave the office. 他总是第一个到办公室,最后一个离开。也可能是动宾关系,这时的不定式即通常所谓的反射不定式。比如:I have nothing to say on this question. 在这个问题上,我没什么话好说。此外,还有两种抽象名词常后接不定式。一种是与常后接不定式的动词同源的名词。比如:His wish to visit China is quite understandable. 他想访问中国的愿望是可以理解的。名词wish与常后接不定式的动词wish同源。另一种是与常后接不定式的形容词同源的名词。比如:He is reputed for his ability to speak four languages. 他以能讲四国语言而闻名。ability与常后接不定式的形容词able同源。

3.    【正确答案】D,改为“date back to”。

【句子翻译】月球遭受过强烈撞击的迹象可以追溯到20世纪70年代。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】date back to是固定短语,意思是“追溯到”。比如:This church date back to 1173. 这座教堂是远在1173年建的。

4.    【正确答案】D,改为“of being”。

【句子翻译】随着这些生产技术的进步,我们也必须拓展并优化我们的社会管理技术,其基本条件是避免对人进行任何意义的等级划分。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】当sense是“……感”的时候,其需要用of 引导的介词短语来修饰,而不能用不定式作定语。

5.    【正确答案】A,改为“ashamed”。

【句子翻译】想要获得新的经验,就没有必要怕羞或者觉得幼稚。

【考点类型】同源词的辨析

【考点剖析】shameless意思是“不知羞耻的”,一般用作前置定语;ashamed“惭愧,丢人”,可以作为后置定语。

6.    【正确答案】A,改为“could one”。

【句子翻译】人们只能偶尔地在这个季节歇口气,虽然天气不一定尽如人意,但他们可以尽享劳动给予他们的回报。

【考点类型】倒装句

【考点剖析】only 和一个状语放在句首时,句子的主谓语需要倒装。比如:Only then did he under stand it. only引导的从句位于句首时,也应倒装。比如:Only when she came homedid he learn the news. 当她回到家时才知道这个消息。

【考点扩展】倒装

倒装是一种语法手段,用以表示一定句子结构的需要和强调某一句子成分。英语最基本的结构是主谓结构,倒装就是将这种基本结构的词序加以颠倒。需要我们注意的倒装结构包括:

1 There be结构。比如:There seems to be some misunderstanding about the matter. 在这个问题上似乎有些误会。

2 地点状语位于句首,主语为名词而谓语为不及物动词的陈述句。比如:From the window came sound of music. 从窗户传来了音乐声。

3 某些条件从句(省略了if)。比如:Were you in my positionyou would do the same. 你如果处在我的地位,也会这样做的。

4 某些让步状语从句(as作为引导词)。比如:Toil as he wouldhe might failand go down and be destroyed!他尽管苦干,还是可能失败、沉沦而被毁灭。

5 soneithernor等副词置于句首时候,全句常需倒装。比如:I dont knownor do I care. 我不知道,我也不想知道。

6 Neverseldomlittlenorhardlyscarcelyno soonernot only等表否定的副词或连词位于句首时,全句需要倒装。比如:Scarcely had he arrived when they asked him to leave again. 他刚一到,他们又要他离去。

7 为了强调某一句子成分而进行的倒装,可以把句子的谓语、表语、状语、过去分词、现在分词、不定式等置于句首。比如:Facing the lake was a little inn with its pillared veranda. 湖对面是一个有柱廊的小旅店。

7.    【正确答案】C,改为“turn out”。

【句子翻译】一些人选择海上旅行作为对自己的一种奖励,如果你有充足的钱,这未免不是一个好主意,尽管结果可能不会像期待的那样。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】turn out结果是,证明是

【考点扩展】turn的常用短语

turn off“关掉,避开,使转变方向,制造”;turn on“开启,变得兴奋”;turn up“出现,突然发生”;turn down“调低,拒绝”。

8.    【正确答案】B,改为“exciting”。

【句子翻译】出国旅游听起来让人兴奋,有时还会有一种异国情调,但并不是每个人都能负担得起的。

【考点类型】同源词的辨析

【考点剖析】excited“感兴趣的”是过去分词,多用于修饰人;exciting“令人感兴趣的”是现在分词,多用来修饰物。

【考点扩展】类似的成对同源词还有:interested“感兴趣的”,interesting“引起兴趣的”;disappointed“失望的”,disappointing“令人失望的”;surprised“惊讶的”,surprising“令人惊讶的”;encouraged“被鼓励的”,encouraging“可奖励的”;amazed“吃惊的”,amazing“令人惊异的”;astonished“惊讶的”,astonishing“可惊异的”等。

9.    【正确答案】C,改为“like”。

【句子翻译】许多船只载着巨额的财富沉入海底,却没有一次沉船造就出举世闻名的财富故事。珍宝正如好酒,年代越久,价值越高。

【考点类型】同义词辨析

【考点剖析】as是连词,应当连接句子;而like是介词,只能接名词、代词、动名词等。

10.   【正确答案】C,改为“terribly”。

【句子翻译】大批的城里人来到乡村,突然十分关注乡村的面貌及农民所干的事情。

【考点类型】副词

【考点剖析】句中的concerned(关心的,有关的)是一个形容词,所以只能用副词terribly来修饰它。

Part Translation

【参考译文】In factthe past 50 years was not a golden period for invention and innovation. From 1900 to 1950inventions that changed peoples life ranging from automobileaircrafttelephone radioTVas well as nuclear weapons and computer. But the recent 50 years has witnessed only a small number of inventions. Has the source of invention dried upThe answer is not that so. In fact the new era of invention has just begun.

1.    过去50年其实并不是发明创新的黄金时期。

【结构分析】这是一个一般的否定句,用否定词isnt 作谓语。

【词义推敲】发明 invention;创新 innovation;黄金时期 golden period

【参考译文】In factthe past 50 years was not a golden period for invention and innovation.

2.    19001950年,改变人类生活的发明有汽车、飞机、电话、收音机、电视机——当然还有核武器和计算机。

【结构分析】这是个陈述句,举例说明改变人类生活的发明。

【词义推敲】汽车 automobile;飞机 aircraft;核武器 nuclear weapons

【参考译文】From 1900 to 1950inventions that changed peoples life ranging from auto-mobileaircrafttelephone to radioTVas well as nuclear weapons and computer.

3.    而近50年来,只有为数不多的发明。

【结构分析】这是一个转折句,用表否定意义的词说明近年来发明少。

【词义推敲】为数不多 a small number of

【参考译文】But the recent 50 years has witnessed only a small number of inventions.

4.    难道发明的源泉已经枯竭了吗?

【结构分析】这是个简单的疑问句,对这种现象表示质疑。

【词义推敲】源泉 source;枯竭 dry upexhaust

【参考译文】 Has the source of invention dried up

5.    答案并非如此。

【结构分析】这是对前面疑问句的回答。

【参考译文】The answer is not that so.

6.    事实上,发明的新时代刚刚开始。

【结构分析】这句进一步说明不但没有枯竭,而且是发明新时代的开始。

【参考译文】In factthe new era of invention has just begun.

Part Guided Writing30 minutes15 points

参考范文:

The Greatest Invention in the Past Century

Of all the inventions and discoveries in the centurynothing can be more influencing than the invention of Internet. People who emphasize either the advantages or disadvantages have to acknowledge that Internet has become the essential part of our daily work and lives.

Internet is the best information center. It is widely agreed that by using Internetwe can get access to information more easily and quickly. For examplewe can read the latest news on Internet instead of buying a large piece of newspaperwe can also deal with our stock shares on the Internet sitting at home. In shortthe convenience provided by the Internet helps us all.

Internet also serves as a new way of communication. It is much cheaper than a telephone callespecially a long distance callit is much quicker than a letter.

Of courseit also has some detrimental influence. For instancesome unhealthy information is spreading and is sent to especially the teenagers. Howevernothing could be perfect. It is widely believed that Internet will do us more good than harm as long as we use it carefully and properly.

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