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学苑教育同等学力
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2003年同等学力英语真题及答案
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2009-12-4 9:43:45  点击数:

2003年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试

Paper One 试卷一(90 minutes

Part Listening Comprehension20 minutes15 points)(略)

Part Vocabulary15 minutes15 points

Section A

DirectionsIn this section there are fifteen sentenceseach with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the four choices marked ABC and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

16.   The very sight of the imposing buildings assured these tourists of the significant changes in this city.

A. instinctive                B. impressive              C. institutional                  D. imaginary

17.   The accepted criteria of adequate diet have been challenged by new discoveries in nutrition.

A. formations               B. components            C. standards               D. ingredients

18.   Senior citizens are advised to go in for some creative activities to keep themselves mentally young.

A. search for                B. invest in               C. engage in             D. work out

19.   Presumablyexcessive consumption of fried foods has serious consequences as has been proved.

A. theoretically            B. Practically             C. Incredibly             D. Probably

20.   The sitting-room feels comfortable with the fireplace shedding warm and faint light.

A. giving off                B. calling off                      C. shaking off            D. putting off

21.   The nasty language of local officials makes them seem very ignorant and rude.

A. artificial              B. indecent                        C. humorous             D. lively

22.   We shouldnt treat children as peers or friendsbut guide them in making their choiceseven if it means with some discipline.

A. persuasion              B. punishment            C. rewards               D. criticism

23.   Silkalthough it is considered a delicate fabricis in fact very strongbut it is adversely affected by sunlight.

A. soft                        B. sheer                         C. fragile                D. refined

24.   It is anticipated that this contract will substantially increase sales over the next three years.

A. apparently              B. slightly                        C. considerably            D. steadily

25.   The new government embarked upon a program of radical economic reform.

A. initiated                 B. produced              C. adopted               D. implemented

26.   In the accident three men were trapped in a submerged vehicleand their only hope was another man whose legs were broken.

A. wrecked              B. burnt                    C. overturned             D. sunk

27.   Nearly eleven thousand people have been arrested for defying the ban on street trading.

A. criticizing             B. neglecting                C. blaming                      D. disclosing

28.   There are some things in the class the teachers will not put up with.

A. tolerate                        B. contribute             C. resist                        D. prohibit

29.   Despite the dangers and difficulties in fighting with the terroriststhe soldiers were resolute.

A. defensive              B. aggressive              C. stubborn              D. firm

30.   Born in 1932he retired as a foreign correspondent for the Polish Press Agency in 1981by which time his three books had started to come out.

A. be subscribed          B. be published           C. be popular              D. be written

Section B

DirectionsIn this sectionthere are fifteen incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

31.   Sometimes we buy a magazine with absolutely no purpose______to pass time.

A. rather than                      B. other than                 C. as well                            D. except for

32.   Those who ______womens liberation movement continue to hopeand workfor a change.

A. consist in                 B. believe in                 C. indulge in                 D. result in

33.   Finding out about these universities has become easy for anyone with Internet______.

A. entrance                  B. admission             C. access                 D. entry

34.   How strange it is that the habit he developed in his childhood still______him.

A. takes to                  B. clings to                 C. attends to              D. adds to

35.   The three disrespectful sons began to feel worried about the ultimate______of the family’s property.

A. proposal                       B. disposal                   C. removal               D. salvation

36.   Chemistsphysicists and mathematicians are______known as scientists.

A. collectively            B. alternatively           C. cognitively            D. exclusively

37.   The national government is to make every effort to______the will of the people.

A. execute                    B. exceed                    C. excite                    D. exhaust

38.   There are often discouraging predictions that have not been ______by actual events.

A. verified                        B. utilized                   C. mobilized               D. modified

39.   Tom was______of a crime he didn’t commit. He fought for many years to clear his name.

A. convicted              B. convinced                 C. conceived              D. condemned

40.   Actor Pierce Brosnan may play the deadly super spy in the moviesbut in real life he is a _____ father and a loving husband.

A. devastated                   B. deserved              C. desperate              D. devoted

41.   The years of practiceof developing my special techniqueare just about to ______ .

A. turn up                    B. figure out               C. pay off               D. clear away

42.   Like most foreignersI ask a lot of questionssome of which are insultingly silly. But everyone I______has answered those questions with patience and honesty.

A. come across             B. come by                  C. come over                   D. come into

43.   Now when talking about economic reform I am very______aware of the shadow hanging over most African countries’ debt.

A. well                         B. far                              C. much                 D. greatly

44.   This procedure describes how suggestions for improvements to the systems are ______ .

A. celebrated             B. proceeded              C. generated              D. established

45.   Since we are exchanging______I too have a secret to reveal,”said Mary.

A. transferences            B. transactions            C. confidences            D. promises

Part Reading Comprehension40 minutes25 points

DirectionsThere are five passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of hem there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Andrea had never seen an old lady hitchhiking(搭车)before. Howeverthe weather and the coming darkness made her feel sorry for the lady. The old lady had some difficulty climbing in through the car doorand pushed her big brown canvas shopping bag down onto the floor under her feet. She said to Andreain a voice that was almost a whisper,“Thank youdearie-Im just going to Brockbourne.

Something in the way the lady spokeand the way she never turned her headmade Andrea uneasy about this strange hitchhiker. She didnt know whybut she felt instinctively that there was something ... wrongsomething oddsomething ... dangerous. But how could an old lady be dangerousIt was absurd.

Careful not to turn her headAndrea looked sideways at her passenger. She studied the hatthe dirty collar of the dressthe shapeless bodythe arms with their thick black hairs...

Thick black hairs

Hairy armsAndreas blood froze.

This wasn’t a woman. It was a man.

At firstshe didnt know what to do. Then suddenlyan idea came into her racingterrified brain. Swinging the wheel suddenlyshe threw the car into a skid(刹车),and brought it to a halt.

My God!”she shouted,“A childDid you see the childI think I hit her!”

Theold ladywas clearly shaken by the sudden skid,“I didnt see anythingdearie,”she said.I dont think you hit anything.

Im sure it was a child!‘insisted Andrea.Could you just get out and have a lookJust see if theres anything on the road?”She held her breath. Would her plan work

It did. The passenger slowly climbed out to investigate. As soon as she was out of the vehicleAndrea gunned the engine and accelerated madly awayand soon she had put a good three miles between herself and the awful hitchhiker.

It was only then that she thought about the bag lying on the floor in front of her. Maybe the bag would provide some information about the real identity about the man. Pulling into the side of the roadAndrea opened the heavy bag curiously.

It contained only one item——a small hand axewith a razor-sharp blade. The axe and the inside of the bag were covered with the dark red stains of dried blood.

Andrea began to scream.

46.   Andrea allowed the hitchhiker to take a ride in her car mainly because         .

A. the hitchhiker was an old woman                   B. she was curious about the old lady

C. the lady had a heavy bag                               D. she knew the old lady

47.   What made Andrea afraid when she looked at the old lady

A. She had a shapeless body.                             B. She had a harsh voice.

C. She wore a dirty dress.                                 D. She had hairy arms.

48.   Andrea suddenly stopped the car because         .

A. she thought she had hit a child on the road

B. she skidded on some ice on the road

C. she wanted to trick the passenger into getting out

D. she couldn’t concentrate and nearly had a crash

49.   Andrea looked in the passenger’s bag to         .

A. examine what was in it                                B. find out where the passenger lived

C. use the passenger’s tools                               D. find out who the passenger was

50.   Andrea screamed because         .

A. she saw the hitchhiker come back

B. she realized she could have been killed

C. she was scared at seeing blood

D. she cut herself by the blade

Passage Two

Desperately short of living space and dangerously prone to floodingthe Netherlands plans to start building homesbusinesses and even roads on water.

With nearly a third of the country already covered by water and half of its land mass below sea level and constantly under threat from rising watersthe authorities believe that floating communities may well be the future.

Six prototype wooden and aluminum floating houses are already attached to something off Amsterdamand at least a further 100 are planned on the same estatecalled Ijburg.

Everybody asks why didnt we do this kind of thing before,”said Gijsbert Van der Woerdtdirector of the firm responsible for promoting the concept.After Bangladesh were the most densely populated country in the world. Building space is scarce and government studies show that we’ll need to double the space available to us in the coming years to meet all our needs. ”

Before being placed on the water and moved into position by tugboats(拖船),the houses are built on land atop concrete flat-bottomed boatswhich encase giant lumps of polystyrene (聚苯乙烯)reinforced with steel. The flat-bottomed boats are said to be unsinkable and are anchored by underwater cables. The floating roads apply the same technology.

The concept is proving popular with the Dutch. The waiting list for such homeswhich will cost between euros 200000500000 to buyruns to 5000 namesclaims Van der Woerdt.

With much of the country given over to market gardening and the intensive cultivation of flowersplanners have also come up with designs for floating greenhouses so that the water beneath them irrigates the plants and controls the temperature inside.

A pilot projectcovering 50 hectares of flooded land near Amsterdams Schiphol airportis planned for 2005.

The opportunities for innovative developers look promising.We have 10 projects in the pipeline-floating villages and cities complete with officesshops and restaurants,”Van der Woerdt said.

51.   The Netherlands plans to start building floating communities on water because         .

A. most parts of the country are covered by water

B. the country is constantly threatened by floods

C. it will promote the cultivation of flowers

D. people think it better to live on water

52.   By citingEveryone asks why didnt we do this kind of thing before”,the author wants to tell us that         .

A. building floating communities is a very good idea

B. the director of the firm didn’t want to answer the question

C. the Netherlands should follow the example of Bangladesh

D. people are not satisfied with the government’s work

53.   The floating houses will be         .

A. reinforced with steel                                           B. made of concrete

C. constructed in water                                     D. built on boats

54.   According to the authorthe floating communities on water         .

A. can promote market gardening

B. are beyond the reach of most Dutch people

C. will increase the cost of gardening

D. will be very popular by the year of 2005

55.   “10 projects in the pipeline”in the last paragraph means         .

A.“10 pipelines to provide gas”

B.“10 companies to lay the pipelines”

C.“10 floating houses to be built on water”

D.“10 building projects planned and started”

Passage Three

My new home was a long way from the centre of London but it was becoming essential to find a jobso finally I spent a whole morning getting to town and putting my name down to be considered by London Transport for a job on the tube. They were looking for guardsnot drivers. This suited me. I couldnt drive a car but thought that I could probably guard a trainand perhaps continue to write my poems between stations. The writers Keats and Chekhov had been doctors. T. S. Eliot had worked in a bank and Wallace Stevens for an insurance company. I would be a tube guard. I could see myself being cheerfulusefula good man in a crisis. Obviously I would be overqualified but I was willing to forget about that in return for a steady income and travel privilegesthose being particularly welcome to someone living a long way from the city centre.

The next day I sat downwith almost a hundred other candidatesfor the intelligence testI must have done all right because after half an hours wait I was sent into another room for a psychological test. This time there were only about fifty candidates. The examiner sat at a desk. You were signaled forward to occupy the seat opposite him when the previous occupant had been dismissed after a greater or shorter time. Obviously the long interviews were the more successful ones. Some of the interviews were as short as five minutes. Mine was the only one that lasted a minute and a half.

I can remember the questions now:“Why did you leave your last job?”“Why did you leave your job before that?”“And the one before that?”I cant recall my answersexcept that they were short at first and grew progressively shorter. His closing statementI thoughtrevealed a lack of sensitivity which helped to explain why as a psychologisthe had risen no higher than the underground railway.You have failed the psychological test and we are unable to offer you a position.

Failing to get that job was my low point. Or so I thoughtbelieving that the work was easy. Actuallysuch jobsbeing a postman is another one I still desiredemand exactly the sort of elementary yet responsible awareness that the habitual dreamer is least qualified to give. But I was still far short of full self-understanding. I was also short of cash.

56.   The writer applied for the job because         .

A. he could no longer afford to live without one

B. he wanted to work in the centre of London

C. he had received suitable training

D. he was not interested in any other available job

57.   The writer thought he was overqualified for the job because         .

A. he had written many poems

B. he often traveled underground

C. he had worked in an insurance company

D. he could deal with difficult situations

58.   The length of his interview meant that         .

A. he had not done well in the intelligence test

B. he was not going to be offered the job

C. he had little work experience to talk about

D. he did not like the examiner

59.   What was the writers opinion of the psychologist

A. He was inefficient at his job.                        B. He was unsympathetic.

C. He was unhappy with his job.                       D. He was very aggressive.

60.   What does the writer realize now that he did not realize then

A. How difficult it can be to get a job.

B. How unpleasant ordinary jobs can be.

C. How badly he did in the interview.

D. How unsuitable he was for the job.

Passage Four

For more than 10 years there has been a bigger rise in car crime than in most other types of crime. An average of more than two cars a minute are broken intovandalized(破坏)or stolen in the UK. Car crime accounts for almost a third of all reported offences with no signs that the trend is slowing down.

Although there are highly professional criminals involved in car theftalmost 90 percent of car crime is committed by the opportunist. Amateur thieves are aided by our carelessness. When the Automobile AssociationAAengineers surveyed one town centre car park last year10 percent of cars checked were unlockeda figure backed up by a Home Office national survey that found 12 percent of drivers sometimes left their cars unlocked.

The vehicles are sitting in petrol stations while drivers pay for their fuel. The AA has discovered that cars are left unattended for an average of three minutesand sometimes much longeras drivers buy drinkscigarettes and other consumer items and then pay at the counter. With payment by credit card more and more commonit is not unusual for a driver to be out of his car as long as six minutes providing the car thief with a golden opportunity.

In an exclusive AA surveycarried out at a busy garage on a main road out of London300 motorists were questioned over three days of the holiday period. 24 percent admitted that theyalwaysorsometimesleave the keys in the car. This means that nationwidea million cars daily become easy targets for the opportunist thief.

The AA recommends locking up whenever you leave the car—and for however short a period. A partially open sunroof or window is a further come-on to thieves.

Leaving valuables in view is an invitation to the criminal. A Manchester probationary (假释期)service research projectwhich interviewed almost 100 car thieves last yearfound many would investigate a coat thrown on a seat. Never leave any documents showing your home address in the car. If you have a garageuse it and lock ita garaged car is at substantially less risk.

There are many other traps to avoid. The Home Office has found little awareness among drivers about safe parking. Most motorists questioned made no efforts to avoid parking in quiet spots away from street lights—just the places thieves love. The AA advises drivers to park in places with people around-thieves do not like audiences.

61.   The passage seems to imply that payment by credit card         .

A. is preferable for safe parking                        B. is now a common practice

C. takes longer than necessary                           D. aids a car thief in a way

62.   Which of the following statements is correct

A. In the UKa million cars are stolen daily.

B. In the UKthere are amateur car thieves only.

C. There are more car crimes than any other type of offences.

D. One in ten drivers invites car theft due to carelessness.

63.   The researches mentioned in the passage on car theft include all the following EXCEPT

        .

A. checking private garages                              B. interviewing motorists

C. questioning car thieves                                 D. examining parking lots

64.   The best way for a driver to avoid car theft is         .

A. leaving documents showing one’s home address in the car

B. locking one’s car in a parking lot at any time

C. not leaving the car unattended for longer than necessary

D. not leaving a sunroof or window partially open

65.   In the last paragraphthe termsafe parkingmeans         .

A. not parking under street lights

B. not parking in front of a theatre or cinema

C. avoiding traps set by a possible car thief

D. parking where a lot of people pass by

Passage Five

Nowadayswe hear a lot about the growing threat of globalizationaccompanied by those warnings that the rich pattern of local life is being underminedand many dialects and traditions are becoming extinct. But stop and think for a moment about the many positive aspects that globalization is bringing. Read on and you are bound to feel comfortedready to face the global futurewhich is surely inevitable now.

Consider the Internetthat prime example of our shrinking world. Leaving aside the all-to-familiar worries about pornography and political extremismeven the most narrow-minded must admit that the net offers immeasurable benefitsnot just in terms of educationthe sector for which it was originally designedbut more importantly on a global levelthe spread of news and comment. It will be increasingly difficult for politicians to maintain their regimes of misinformationas the oppressed will not only find support and comfortbut also be able to organize themselves more effectively.

MTV is another global provider that is often criticized for imposing popular culture on the unsuspecting millions around the world. Yet the viewers judgment on MTV is undoubtedly positiveit is regarded as indispensable by most of the global teenage generation who watch ita vital part of growing up. And in the final analysiswhat harm can a few songs and videos cause

Is the world dominance of brands like Nike and Coca-Cola so bad for uswhen all is said and doneSportswear and soft drinks are harmless products when compared to the many other things that have been globally available for a longer period of timeheroin and cocainefor example. In any casejust because Nike shoes and Coke cans are for saleit doesnt mean you have to buy themeven globalization cannot deprive the individual of his free will.

Critics of globalization can stop issuing their doom and gloom statements. Life goes onand has more to offer for many citizens of the world than it did for their parents generation.

66.   Some people feel sad about globalization because they believe it will         .

A. bring threat to the world peace

B. impact the diversified local life

C. disrupt their present easy life style

D. increase the size of people speaking dialects

67.   Internet was originally designed         .

A. to promote education                                          B. to distribute news and comment

C. to relieve people of worries                          D. to publicize political beliefs

68.   What is the writers attitude towards globalization

A. Suspicious.              B. Positive.                   C. Indifferent.                     D. Contemptuous.

69.   It is implied in the passage that Nike and Coca-cola         .

A. should not become dominant brands

B. has been ignored by many people

C. cannot be compared with drugs

D. shouldn’t have caused so much concern

70.   Which of the following could be the best title of the passage

A. Globalization Is Standardization.

B. GlobalizationLike It or Lump It.

C. GlobalizationDont WorryBe Happy.

D. Globalization Brings Equality.

Part Cloze15 minutes10 points

DirectionsIn this partthere is a passage with twenty blanks. For each blank there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark the corresponding letter on your ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Imagine fishermen walking down to the seashoreready to carry out their early morning routine of preparing their boats and net.    71    they hope for a good catch of fish. But to their

   72   a horrible sight meets their still sleepy eyes. Thousands of fish have washed   73    dead. The cause of this mass destructionA red tide

Red tides are a global    74   . They have been observed on both the Atlantic and the Pacific coasts of the United States and Canada. They have also    75    in many other places. Though relatively few people are    76    themred tides are not new.

In the Philippinesa red tide was first seen in the province of Bataan in 1908. Since thenred tides have been seen in many other    77   . A Philippines red tide expert told us that   78    the fish killsthe Philippines has documented 1926 cases of dead shellfish poisoning caused by red tides.”

The termred tide   79    the discoloration of water that sometimes occurs in certain areas of the ocean or sea. Although the color is often redit may also be    80    of brown or yellow. The World Book Encyclopedia reports thatthe discolored areas may range from    81    a few square yards to more than 2600 square kilometers.”

What causes such discolorationRed tides are generally caused by several    82    of single-celled organisms. These tiny organisms have hair-like projections which they use to

   83    themselves in water. There are about 2000 varieties of these organisms30 of which carry poisonous    84   . These minute organisms usually stay in warm waters with high content of salt.

A red tide occurs when there is a sudden and rapid    85    of these organisms. The concentration of these organisms may    86    to 50000000 per quart of water Although scientists do not fully understand why this happens. It is known that these organisms    87    when certain conditions simultaneously affect the water. These include abnormal weather   88    temperaturesan oversupply of nutrients in the watera generous    89    sunlightand favorable water currents. When a heavy rainfall occursminerals and other nutrients are sometimes washed    90    the land into coastal waters. These nutrients can contribute to the breeding of the organisms. The resultRed tides

71.   A. As a result                      B. As it is                    C. As expected             D. As usual

72.   A. satisfaction              B. disappointment         C. astonishment            D. regret

73.   A. ashore                     B. aboard                     C. aside                      D. across

74.   A. question                  B. crisis                       C. phenomenon           D. situation

75.   A. occupied                 B. occurred                  C. acquired                  D. accused

76.   A. assured of                B. worried about          C. concerned about       D. aware of

77.   A. sandy beaches          B. river mouths            C. coastal areas             D. reef areas

78.   A. except                     B. besides                    C. despite                    D. without

79.   A. applies to                B. sums up                   C. copes with                      D. leads to

80.   A. shadows                  B. shades                     C. shakes                     D. shapes

81.   A. less than                  B. more than                C. as much as               D. as little as

82.   A. components             B. elements                  C. ingredients                      D. species

83.   A. propel                     B. probe                             C. proceed                   D. prompt

84.   A. materials                 B. substances                C. masses                     D. objects

85.   A. bolt                        B. block                             C. bloom                            D. blast

86.   A. scale                       B. plunge                     C. gauge                             D. swell

87.   A. accelerate                B. accommodate           C. accumulate              D. accompany

88.   A. optimum                 B. minimum                C. maximum                D. momentum

89.   A. means of                 B. amount of                C. way to                     D. account for

90.   A. over                        B. on                           C. by                           D. from

Paper Two试卷二(60 minutes

Part Error Detection and Correction10 minutes10 points

DirectionsEach of the following sentences has four underlined parts. These parts are marked ABC and D. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect. Thenwrite down the corresponding letter andwithout altering the meaning of the sentenceput the correction on the ANSWER SHEET.

1. If wed fought that election on the trade union agendawe would win a lot more votes than the

                A        B                           C

campaign issues chosen by the professionals.

                  D

2. In modern industrious areassociocultural change is occurring at an accelerated rate.

  A           B                                 C          D

3. Although Graham spent years struggle against the disapproval of audiences who disliked and

                             A                          B

ridiculed her workthe power and substance of her unique vision proved in the end to be

         C

undeniable.

     D

4. Following the foundation of new universities at such as places as York and Lancasterhopes for

     A                                     B                             C

a university at Stamford ran high.

                          D

 

5. At the local level individual authoritieswhich have rather greater freedom in planning than

  A                                  B           C

their English counterpartshave been actively in encouraging investment.

                                    D

6. The detailed study of fossilsrather like a crime investigationit involves the piecing together of

           A                                            B       C

many diverse fragments of evidence.

      D

7. TodayGuinness is the worlds widely distributed beer produced in over 40 countries and sell

                         A                                  B               C

in around 130.

           D

8. While the roots of social psychology lie in the intellectual soil of the whole Western tradition

                                A

its present flowering is recognized to be characteristically an American phenomenon.

   B           C                          D

9. We cannot hardly expect adolescents to have respect for the possessions of others if they have

          A                           B                            C

no hope of attaining any of their own.

                         D

10. I have given my third and fourth preferences to candidates whonot if exactlyworthless”,

                                                   A     B

know as well as I do they have no chance of being elected.

                  C                      D

Part Translation20 minutes10 points

DirectionsTranslate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

为了成功举办2008年奥运会,北京计划投入230亿美元用于基础设施建设。据说一些外国公司已经注意到了这些商机。美国的一些公司打算在电信和信息技术方面提供产品和服务。英国的一些公司也正在围绕北京奥运会寻求商机,他们试图找到自己有优势的领域,如不污染环境的建筑技术等。

Part Guided Writing30 minutes15 points

DirectionsFor this partyou are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less that 120 words under the title ofWhat will money bring usfortune or misfortune?”Your composition should be based on the following story given in Chinese. Give at least two reasons to support your choice.

夺命之物

一栋住宅楼发生了大火,一个中年男子在大火中丧生。奇怪的是,他5岁的儿子明明却逃了出来。有人问明明:“你是怎么逃出来的?”明明说:“我拿了一块湿毛巾捂住鼻子,贴在地上爬……”,这是科学有效的逃生方法。

人们不解:“你爸爸不会这么做吗?”

明明说:“会,是爸爸教我这么做的。爸爸和我一起爬到了门口,他说忘了一件东西,就又爬回去了。”

参加救火的消防员说,他们发现那具男尸时,他的手里紧紧地攥着一沓百元大钞。

于是,人们明白了:有一种东西杀人夺命,比大火还厉害。(摘自《深圳青年》 3期上半月刊,作者廖钧)

2003年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试试题答案与解析

Paper One 试卷一(90 minutes

Part Listening Comprehension(略)

Part Vocabulary

Section A

16.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】雄伟壮丽的建筑使游客们确信这个城市发生了巨大的变化。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】instinctive“天生的,本能的,直觉的”;impressive“令人印象深刻的,令人难忘的”;institutional“规定的,制度上的,公共机构的,社会事业性质的(尤指慈善事业机构)”;imaginary“想象中的,假想的”。四个选项中只有impressiveimaginary可以修饰buildings,但根据语境,游客们是因为看到了而非想象的景象才相信这个城市发生了巨大的变化的;所以排除imaginary,答案为impressiveimposing“令人印象深刻的,(建筑物等)堂皇的,雄伟的”。

17.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】被广泛接受的饮食标准正受到营养学新发现的挑战。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】formation“形成,构成,编队”;component“成分”;standard“标准,规格”;ingredient“成分,因素”。四个选项中能被广泛接受的最适宜的只有standardcriteria“标准”。

18.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】年纪大的市民应该参加一些富有创造性的活动来保持一颗年轻的心。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】search for“搜查,搜索”;invest in“买进”;engage in“从事,参加”;work out“解决,设计出,计算出,消耗完”。从语义上说,能和some creative activities搭配的只有Cgo in for“参加,追求,从事,赞成”。

19.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】正如被证实的那样,摄入过多的油炸食品很可能会导致严重的后果。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】theoretically“理论上地”;practically“实际上”;incredibly“不可相信地”;probably“大概,或许,很可能”。as has been proved表明句中的观点是根据实际情况推断出来的。presumably“推测起来,假定,大抵,大概”。

20. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】壁炉散发出的温暖和微弱的光芒让人感觉到起居室的舒适惬意。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】give off“发出(蒸气、光等),长出(枝、杈等)”;call off“叫走,放弃,使转移走”;shake off“抖落,摆脱”;put off“推迟,拖延,搪塞,脱掉”。从语义上说,和warm and faint light搭配的只有give offshed“散发(光、热、香等);放射”。

21. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】当地官员下流的言辞使他们看起来非常无知和粗鲁无礼。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】artificial“人造的,矫揉造作的”;indecent“粗鄙的,猥亵的,下流的”;humorous“有幽默感的,诙谐的”;lively“活泼的,充满生气的”。根据ignorant and rude推断能描述当地官员言辞的应为indecentnasty“肮脏的,令人厌恶的,下流的”。

22. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】我们不应当把孩子看做我们的同龄人或朋友;而应当引导他们做出选择,即使这意味着一些惩戒。

【考点类型】转折关系

【考点剖析】persuasion“说服,说服力”;punishment“惩罚”;reward“报酬,奖金”;criticism“批评,批判”。句子前后是转折关系。既然我们不能把孩子当同龄人或朋友,而是真正来指导他们做出选择;最能突显这一点的应是在适当的时候可以对孩子进行惩罚。discipline“训练,磨炼,纪律,惩戒,惩罚”。

23.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】虽然人们认为丝绸是精致脆弱的织物,但它实际上很牢固,太阳光对它有不利的影响。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】soft“柔软的,柔和的,温柔的”;sheer“纯粹的,绝对的,透明的”;fragile“易碎的,脆弱的”;refined“精炼的,精制的”。因为句子前后是转折关系,所以可以推断delicate(“脆弱的,精巧的”)与strong的含义是相反的,C是正确答案。

24.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】据估计,这份合同在未来三年会使销售额有相当大的增加。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】apparently“显而易见地,外表地”;slightly“轻微地,细长地”;considerably“相当大地,巨额地”;steadily“稳定地,坚固地”。句子以一种肯定的语气来描述未来销售量增加的状况,最合适的状语应为considerablysubstantially“实质上”。

25.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】新政府开始着手一系列彻底的经济改革措施。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】initiate“开始,着手,发起,发动”;produce“生产,制造”;adopt“采用,采纳”;implement“执行,履行,贯彻”。作为新一届政府应是开始着手一些事情,所以选Aembark upon“开始,从事,着手”。

26.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】事故中的三个人被困在了水下的一辆机动车中,他们把唯一的希望寄托在另一个腿部受伤的人身上。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】wreck“船只等遇险的,毁坏的”;burnt“烧伤的,烧焦的”;overturned“翻过来的,倒转的”;sunk“沉没的,败落的”。句子中的三个人被困在一辆失事机动车里,且逃离的希望比较小,由此可以推断车辆并非一般的毁损或翻转,最有可能的是被水淹没了。submerged“沉入水中的,被水淹没的”。

27.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】有大约1.1万人因公然反抗禁止街头贸易的命令而被捕。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】criticize“批评,批判,非议”;neglect“无视,不……(to dodoing)”;blame“指责,谴责”;disclose“泄露,揭发”。句子中有1.1万人被捕,应该不会是简单的非议而是因为违抗了禁令,所以B是正确答案。defy“藐视,公然反抗”。

28.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】班上的有些事老师是无法容忍的。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】tolerate“忍受,容忍,宽容”;contribute“捐赠,投稿,贡献出”;resist“抵抗,抵制”;prohibit“禁止”。put up with“忍受,容忍”。

29.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】尽管与恐怖分子作斗争充满危险和困难,战士们依然很坚定。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】defensive“防御的”;aggressive“侵略的,侵犯的,有进取心的”;stubborn“顽强的,倔强的”;firm“坚固的,坚定的”。这是一个让步状语从句。面对与恐怖分子作斗争的艰难困苦,战士们需要决心和毅力,所以D是正确选项。resolute“坚决的,坚定的”。

30. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】他生于1932年,1981年从波兰新闻社驻外记者的位置上退下来,那时他的三本书已经开始出版了。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】subscribe“捐助,预定”;publish“公布,出版,发行”;popular“流行的,受欢迎的”;write“写作”。句子所描述的是一名资深记者,由his three books可以推测come out为“出版,发行”的意思。

Section B

31. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】有时候我们买杂志毫无目的,仅仅是为了打发时间。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】rather than“与其……不如……”;other than“不同于,除了”;as well“又,也,同样”;except for“只有,除了……以外”。as well通常放在句子末尾,排除;except for + n / + doing,但不能与不定式连用,排除;rather than表示让步状语的逻辑关系,不符合语境,排除。答案为B

32. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】那些信奉妇女解放运动的人们继续抱有希望,并为改变现状而工作。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】consist in“存在于”;believe in“信奉,信仰”;indulge in“沉湎于”;result in“导致”。定语从句中的主语是who,宾语是womens liberation movements,谓语只能是believe in

33. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】对于那些能上互联网的人而言,了解这些大学很容易。

【考点类型】近义词辨析

【考点剖析】entrance“入口,进入”;admission“允许进入,供认”;access“通路,捷径,入口,存取”;entry“入口,进入,登录,条目”。

34.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】奇怪的是,他还是墨守着他童年时养成的习惯。

【考点类型】主谓搭配

【考点剖析】take to“开始,沉溺于,求助于,照料,适应”;cling to“依附,依靠,坚持,墨守”;attend to“专心,照顾”;add to“增加”。能作为表语从句中的主语habit的谓语只有clings totakes toattends to一般以人为主语,而adds to不能与habit搭配。

35. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】三个不孝的儿子开始担心家产的最终处置了。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】proposal“提议,提案,求婚”;disposal“安排,处置,处理”;removal“迁移,除去”;salvation“救助,拯救,救济(品)”。disposal of property表示“财产的处置”,其他三个选项都不能和property搭配。

36. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】大家都知道,化学家、物理学家和数学家都是科学家。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】collectively“全体地,共同地”;alternatively“作为选择地,两者选其一地”;cognitively“认识到地,有认识力地”;exclusively“排外地,专有地”。修饰known的副词应是对主语Chemistsphysicists and mathematicians的一个总结性描述,所以collectively最合适。

37. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】政府尽最大努力实现人们的意愿。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】execute“执行,贯彻”;exceed“超过,优于”;excite“使兴奋,激励,激发”;exhaust“耗尽,排除,使筋疲力尽”。显然,能与will搭配的只有execute

38. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】经常有一些令人沮丧但与事实不符的预言。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】verify“证实,验证”;utilize“利用”;mobilize“发动,调动,使流通”;modify“变更,修改”。对于预言,事实通常只能用来证实或证伪,只有 verify符合语义连贯的要求。

39. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】汤姆因莫须有的罪名而被判有罪,很多年来他都在为自己的名誉进行抗争。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】 be convicted of“被判有……罪”;be convinced of“确信,认识到”;conceive“构思,抱有(想法等),怀孕”,不与of构成固定搭配;be condemned to“被宣告……”。因此A是正确答案。

40.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】虽然演员皮尔斯·布鲁斯南在电影里扮演的是夺命超级间谍,但在现实生活中他是一个充满情感的父亲和丈夫。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】devastate“蹂躏,破坏;使荒废”;deserved“该奖(罚)的,理所当然的”;desperate“不顾一切的,拼命的,绝望的”;devoted“献身于……的,深爱的,忠实的”。所填的词与loving是并列的,含义也应相似,所以devoted是正确答案。

41. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】这些年来的练习形成的专门技能就要带来回报了。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】turn up“出现,出席,突然发生”;figure out“算出,估计,推测,解决”;pay off“偿清(债务等),使人得到回报”;clear away“清除,收拾(餐具等),消散”。付出努力一般应有回报,只有pay off符合语境。

42. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】像大多数外国人一样,我问了很多问题,其中一些很无聊。但我碰到的每个人都耐心真诚地回答了那些问题。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】come across“来到,偶遇”;come by“从旁经过,得到”;come over“过来,(感情)抓住(人)”;come into“进入,取得,继承”。宾语是耐心真诚回答了问题的每个人,come across无论在语法上还是在语义连贯上都是符合的。

43. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】现在,每当论及经济改革时,我就非常清醒地意识到笼罩着非洲各国的债务阴影。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】修饰aware的副词通常为wellquite等。

44. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】这个程序描述了改进系统的建议是如何产生的。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】celebrate“庆祝,赞美,歌颂”;proceed“进行,继续下去,发生”,不及物动词;generate“产生,引致”;establish“建立,设立,安置”。在how引导的宾语从句中,所填词与suggestions构成动宾搭配,只有generate符合。

45. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】玛丽说:“既然我们交流了彼此的心声,那么我也有一个秘密要告诉你。”

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】transference“转移,转让,职务调动”;transaction“处理,业务,学报,会议记录”;confidence“自信,秘密,心事”;promise“承诺”。根据I too have a secret to reveal推测所填词应与secret含义相似,confidence符合要求。

Part Reading Comprehension

Passage One

安德妮娅以前从来没有看到过老妇人搭便车。天气和即将到来的黑暗让她为这位老妇人感到难过。老妇人有些艰难地穿过车门爬到车上,把她的棕色大帆布购物袋推到自己脚下。她用一种近乎耳语的声音对安德妮娅说:“谢谢,亲爱的,我正要去布洛克伯尼。”

老妇人在路上讲了一些话,她从不扭头的举动让安德妮娅对这位奇怪的搭车者感到有些不自在。她不知道为什么,但是她本能地感到一定有些地方不对劲、有些奇怪,有些……危险。但是一个老妇人会有怎么样的危险呢?太荒谬了。

小心谨慎地没有转头,安德妮娅看了一下她旁边的乘客。她仔细观察她的帽子,她衣服上脏了的衣领,不匀称的体形,长满黑色浓密汗毛的胳膊……

浓密的黑色汗毛?

多毛的胳膊?安德妮娅感到血液都凝固了。

这不是个妇女,这是个男人。

开始,她不知道怎么做。突然,一个主意闪过她那飞速转动的充满恐惧的大脑。她猛地扭转方向盘,来了一个急刹车,车停下了。

“天哪!”她大喊道,“一个孩子,你看到她了吗,我想我撞到她了。”

“老妇人”显然被这突然的急刹车吓了一跳,“我没有看到任何东西,亲爱的,”她说。“我想你没有撞到任何东西。”

“我可以肯定那是一个孩子。”安德妮娅坚持说。“你能出去看一下吗?只是看一下路上是否有什么东西。”她屏住呼吸,她的方法管用吗?

奏效了。这个乘客缓慢地爬出车外去观察。她刚一出车,安德妮娅就发动引擎,发疯一般地逃跑了。很快,她就驶出了三英里,把那名可怕的乘客远远地甩在了后面。

直到那时,她才想起放在她前面地上的那个大包。也许这个包可以提供一些关于那名男子真实身份的信息。把车停到路的一边,安德妮娅好奇地打开了那个沉重的大包。

那里面只有一样东西——一把小手斧,刀口像剃须刀一样锋利。斧子上和袋子里面满是暗红色的凝固了的血迹。

安德妮娅开始尖叫起来。

46.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】因果细节判断             

【解析过程】她容许搭车的人上车主要是因为       

A. 搭车人是个老太太                                     B. 她对这个老太太很感兴趣

C. 老太太有一个很重的包                              D. 她认识这个老太太

线索:文章的第1段提到“Howeverthe weather and the coming darkness made her feel sorry for the lady.”表明答案A为正确选项。选项C文章提到了,但和本题的题干没有关系。BD选项原文没有提到。

【考点提示】本篇文章是一篇短小的故事,这种题材的文章在同等学力的考试中很少会出现,所以同学们在复习的时候也不用太花时间。

47. 【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】当她看到这个老太太的时候,她害怕什么?

A. 她身体的形状不好看。                              B. 她的嗓音沙哑。

C. 她穿了一件脏的衣服。                              D. 她毛茸茸的胳膊。

线索:文章的第一段提到“She studied the hatthe dirty collar of the dressthe shapeless bodythe arms with their thick black hairs...Thick black hairsHairy armsAndreas blood froze.”表明答案D为正确选项。其他几个选项虽然也在文章中提到了,但不是最终使她非常惊讶的原因。

48.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】因果细节题          

【解析过程】她突然把车停了下来是因为       

A. 她以为她撞了路上的一个小孩

B. 她在路上的冰面滑倒了

C. 她想把车里的乘客骗出去

D. 她不能聚精会神并且刚刚发生了一次事故

线索:文章的第4段提到“Then suddenlyan idea came into her racingterrified brain. Swinging the wheel suddenlyshe threw the car into a skid(刹车),and brought it to a halt.”表明她想到了一个办法,所以答案C为正确选项。A选项不正确的原因在于,文章虽然提到了她好像撞倒了一个孩子,但那只是她设计的一个陷阱,好把搭车的人骗出去,而并不是她停车的真正原因。

【考点提示】混淆选项有时设计成为对原文信息的错误判断,比如该题目就是这个样子。撞倒小孩在原文中看似是一个停车的原因,其实不是这个样子。字面的背后有它的真正含义。

49.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】她看乘客的包是为了       

A. 检查里边是什么                                        B. 找出这位乘客居住在哪里

C. 使用乘客的工具                                         D. 找出这位乘客是谁

线索:文章的倒数第3段提到“Maybe the bag would provide some information about the real identity about the man.”表明答案D为正确选项。

【考点提示】细节判断一定要返回原文去寻找线索。

50.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】因果细节             

【解析过程】她大是叫因为       

A. 她看到搭车的人又回来了                          B. 她意识到她早就可能已经被杀死了

C. 她看到血非常的害怕                                  D. 她用刀片把自己划破

线索:文章的最后一段提到“The axeand the inside of the bagwere covered with the dark red stains of dried blood.”因为她看到了血,所以答案B为正确选项。

【考点提示】因果细节判断一定要回原文找关键词,或是根据题号迅速判断定位在文章的那一部分,然后再仔细地和每个选项对比,选择正确答案。

Passage Two

由于生存空间紧缺,加上容易受到洪涝灾害的威胁,荷兰政府计划在海上兴建房屋、商店甚至公路。

这个国家有将近三分之一的国土已经被海水覆盖,一半的陆地位于海平面以下,并经常受到上涨海水的威胁,荷兰政府认为未来将是浮动的社区。

在阿姆斯特丹市外的某个物体上已经固定了六种木制和铝制的浮动房,并且计划在同一区域至少再造一百套这样的浮动房——这个地方叫艾吉博格。

“每个人都问为什么之前我们没有做这样的事情,”葛吉斯博特·万德沃尔特说。他是一家负责提倡浮动房概念公司的老总。“除了孟加拉国,我们是世界上人口最密集的国家,建筑空间稀少,政府调查显示,在未来几年里,我们需要把可利用空间增加一倍以满足我们的需求。”

在被放于水中并被拖船拖到指定地点之前,这些房子被建在陆地上的混凝土平底船上——这些平底船装有大量用钢铁加固的聚苯乙烯。据说,这种平底船不可能沉入水底,它们被水下缆绳固定着。浮动的公路也采用同样的技术。

据证实,这种观念正在受到荷兰人的欢迎。申请这种房屋的人数已经达到5000人。这种房屋造价在20万到50万欧元之间。万德沃尔特宣称。

由于国家的大部分地方被用来发展商品蔬菜种植业和鲜花集约培育业,计划者也为浮动温室提供设计方案,以便温室下面的水可以灌溉植物,控制内部的温度。

2005年将计划实施一项引水工程,这项工程在阿姆斯特丹市斯吉博尔机场附近,覆盖50公顷被淹没的土地。

创新开发者的机遇看上去很有前景。“我们有十项工程正在计划中——带有办公室、商店和餐厅的浮动村庄和城市,”万德沃尔特说。

51. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】因果细节判断             

【解析过程】荷兰计划去建造水上的漂浮社区因为       

A. 国家的绝大部分都是由水覆盖的                B. 国家经常受到洪水的威胁

C. 它将促进鲜花种植                                     D. 人们认为生活在水上更好

线索:文章的第一段提到“Desperately short of living space and dangerously prone to floodingthe Netherlands plans to start building homesbusinesses and even roads on water.”表明答案B为正确选项。选项A和原文的表达不符合“With nearly a third of the country already covered by water and half of its land mass below sea level and constantly under threat from rising waters,”原文说的是1/3的国土是由水覆盖的。

【考点提示】本文讲的是一篇问题解决型的文章,文章51题考察的其实就是这篇文章的问题是什么或是说这篇文章的主题是什么。

52.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】句子推理             

【解析过程】通过引用“我们为什么不早些做这件事”,作者想要告诉我们       

A. 建造水上社区是一个非常好的主意            B. 公司的主管不想回答这个问题

C. 荷兰应该遵循孟加拉国的做法                    D. 人们对于政府的工作不满意

句子理解题通过阅读文章第3段,我们可以比较明确地看出人们是非常愿意建造水上社区的,所以选项A是正确答案。

【考点提示】句子理解题首先是返回原文找到原句,对原句进行语法和词义的精确分析,应该重点抓原句的字面含义。若该句的字面含义不能确定,则依据上下文进行判断。注意:局部含义是由整体决定的。句子理解题的错误选项干扰项特征:推理过远。做题时应把握住推理的度。比如选项D就是这个错误,推理太远了。

53.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】漂浮的房子将会       

A. 用钢材加强                                               B. 由混凝土制造

C. 在水中建造                                                D. 在船上建造

线索:文章的第1段提到“Before being placed on the water and moved into position by tugboats(拖船),the houses are built on land atop concrete flat-bottomed boats”,表明答案D为正确选项。A选项原文说的是用钢铁加固聚苯乙烯,不是选项说的加固这些漂浮的房子。B选项原文说的是船底是由混凝土制造的,不是选项说的漂浮的房子是由混凝土制造的。

【考点提示】同学们一定要避免对原文信息的错误联想。错误的信息一般都是在正确信息的附近,所以大家在做细节题的时候一定要非常的仔细。

54.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】根据作者的观点,水上漂浮的社区       

A. 能够推动园林市场的发展                          B. 超过了荷兰人力所能及的范围

C. 增加园林艺术的成本                                  D. 2005年之前就会非常流行

线索:文章的第6段提到“With much of the country given over to market gardening and the intensive cultivation of flowersplanners have also come up with designs for floating greenhouses designed so that the water beneath them irrigates the plants and controls the temperature inside.”表明答案A为正确选项。选项B和原文的内容“The concept is proving popular with the Dutch.”相反。选项D是过渡的推理。

【考点提示】原文中没有明确提到的信息,是不能通过递进推理得出的,比如这道题的选项D就是如此,原文虽然提到了水上漂浮社区确实很受欢迎,但根本没有说它会在2005年流行。

55.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】词汇推理             

【解析过程】最后一段“10个项目在管道里”的含义是       

A. 10个管道会提供天然气                              B. 10个公司会铺管道

C. 10个漂浮的房子将会建造在水上                D. 10个建造项目建设并会展开

词汇题。正确答案经常蕴藏在原文该词汇出现的附近。不能靠单词词义理解含义。

比如:猜一个名词词组(动词词组)的意思,我们就向上向下搜索名词词组(动词词组)。这道题的答案AB都是说管道的事情,都是单词的表面含义,不可能和文章有任何的关联,所以是错的。C选项也不正确,原文是“We have 10 projects in the pipeline-floating villages and cities complete with officesshops and restaurants,”Van der Woerdt said. 表示得很清楚,不可能是10个漂浮的房子。

【考点提示】词汇题的解析方法是:①搜索法:即把搜出的结果和选项对比一下。②代入法:即当搜索不出来时,把选项分别代入原文,看看哪一个通,答案就是哪个。

Passage Three

我的新家离伦敦市中心很远。但那时找工作成为一件至关重要的事,所以,最后我花了整整一个早晨的时间到达镇里,把我的名字登记到了伦敦运输部,为的是找一份地铁部门的工作。他们正在招聘警卫而不是司机。那正适合我。我不会开车,但我认为我大概可以看守一辆火车,也许我还可以在各站继续写作我的诗歌。作家济兹和查克霍伍曾经是医生,T.S.艾略特曾经在银行工作,华莱士·史迪芬斯曾经在保险公司工作。我将成为一名铁路警卫。我可以想象我成为一名危机时刻中的快乐的、有用的好人。很显然,我的条件远远超过了要求的资格。但是我愿意忘记这些,因为这份工作可以给我稳定的收入和旅行优惠,这对生活在远离市中心的人来说是尤其受欢迎的。

第二天,我同其他近100名求职者坐在一起,进行一个智力测验。我一定完成得非常好,因为在等待了半个小时后,我被带到另一间屋子里进行心理测验。这一次,只有50名候选人,主考官坐在一个桌子旁边。当前一个人经过很长或很短的一段时间然后被打发走后,你被示意走上前,坐到主考官对面的座位上。很显然,时间长的面试更有可能成功。有些面试者只进行了短短的5分钟时间。我是唯一一个只进行了一分半面试的人。

我现在还记得当时的问题“你为什么辞掉你的上一份工作”,“你为什么辞掉你之前的工作”,“你为什么辞掉以前的工作?”我记不清我的回答了,只记得开始回答很短,然后越来越短。主考官的结束语,我认为,显示了他缺乏敏感性,这也很好地解释了作为一名心理学家,他的地位为什么没有地铁升得高。“你没有通过心理测试,所以我们不能提供给你工作岗位。”

我的低分数导致我没有得到那份工作。或许,我想,那份工作很容易。事实上,这样的工作——成为一名邮递员也是我渴望的——要求的正是这种基本却有责任感的意识。而通常的梦想家是没有资格获得的。我仍然远远没有自我了解的意识。我也没有钱。

56.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】因果关系细节             

【解析过程】作者申请这份工作因为       

A. 他没有这份工作就无法生存

B. 他想工作在伦敦中心

C. 他已经接受过合适的培训

D. 他对任何其他可得到的工作都没有兴趣

线索:文章的第1段提到“My new home was a long way from the centre of London but it was becoming essential to find a job”尽管作者的新家距离伦敦很远,但现在是非常需要找一份工作,表明答案A为正确选项。选项B 伦敦文章提到了,但没有说到作者想要在伦敦工作。CD选项原文中没有提到。

57.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】因果关系             

【解析过程】作者认为他对这份工作是能够完全胜任,因为       

A. 他写过许多的诗                                        B. 他经常在地下旅行

C. 他曾经在一家保险公司工作                       D. 他能够处理许多困难的情况

线索:文章的第1段提到“I could see myself being cheerfulusefula good man in a crisis. Obviously I would be overqualified”表明答案D为正确选项。其他选项和题干没有必然的联系。

58.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】推理             

【解析过程】他面试的时间长度意味着       

A. 他在智力的测试中表现得不好                   B. 他不会得到这份工作

C. 他几乎没有任何工作经验可以谈论             D. 他不喜欢主考官

线索:文章的第2段提到“Obviously the long interviews were the more successful ones. Some of the interviews were as short as five minutes. Mine was the only one that lasted a minute and a half.”表明答案B为正确选项。选项A不正确,因为作者这时说的面试时间的长短仅仅指的是心理的测试,和智力方面的测试无关。

59.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】态度             

【解析过程】作者对于心理学家的看法是       

A. 他自己的工作是没有效率的                       B. 他一点同情心都没有

C. 他不喜欢他的工作                                     D. 他非常的令人畏惧

线索:文章的第1段提到“His closing statementI thoughtrevealed a lack of sensitivity which helped to explain why as a psychologisthe had risen no higher than the underground railway.”表明答案B为正确选项。选项AC是错位了,本题问的是作者对于心理学家的态度是什么?不是作者对于心理学家工作的评价是什么?

【考点提示】态度题首先应准确理解四个选项的含义,不要掺杂自己的观点。可以寻找文中一些具有感情色彩的词。如:fortunatelyexcessivelytoo many,抓论述的主线。把第1段读透,把其他各段的段首段尾句拉出来,看整个文章的语篇结构。同时做作者态度题时特别注意:首先看清楚是谁对谁的态度。

60.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】推断

【解析过程】作者现在认识到,当初他没有认识到的是       

A. 找一份工作有多么的艰难                          B. 普通工作是多么的不令人开心

C. 他在面试中表现得很差                              D. 这份工作很不适合他做

线索:文章的第1段提到“Actuallysuch jobs-being a postman is another one I still desire-demand exactly the sort of elementary yet responsible awareness that the habitual dreamer is least qualified to give. But I was still far short of full self-understanding. I was also short of cash.”表明作者直到现在才明确自己是非常缺乏自知之明,所以答案D是正确选项。选项C是在文章提到了,但和题干没有关系,题干问的是作者现在认识到,当初他没有认识到什么?

Passage Four

十多年来,汽车犯罪一直比大多数其他类型的犯罪上升得快。在英国,平均每分钟就有超过两辆汽车被闯入、破坏或者盗窃。汽车犯罪占所有报道的犯罪中的三分之一,没有迹象显示这个趋势在下降。

尽管有很多专业的罪犯参与到汽车盗窃中,几乎90%的汽车犯罪是由机会主义者犯下的。我们的粗心大意帮助了业余的盗车贼。去年,汽车协会的工程师调查了一个镇中心的停车场,10%的汽车被查出没有上锁,这一数字被内政部的一次调查证实。调查显示,12%的司机有时候不给汽车上锁。

当司机付汽油费时,汽车停在加油站里。“汽车协会”发现,汽车处于无人看管的状态平均达到三分钟,当司机去买饮料,香烟或者其他消费品时,这一时间甚至持续更长。随着信用卡消费越来越普遍,司机离开汽车长达六分钟之久也就不罕见了,这为盗车贼提供了绝佳的机会。

在“汽车协会”进行的一项专门的调查中,这项调查在伦敦市外一条主干道旁的一家繁忙的汽车修理厂里进行,在为期三天的假期中三百名司机接受了询问。24%的司机承认,他们“经常”或“有时”把钥匙留在车里。这就意味着:在全国范围内,每天有一百万辆汽车容易成为机会主义盗贼的目标。

“汽车协会”建议大家,无论什么时候离开汽车都要给汽车上锁——不管时间有多短。半开的天窗或车窗对盗车贼来说也是一种诱惑。

把贵重的东西放在看得见的地方对盗车贼来说也是一种诱惑。去年,对曼彻斯特假释期的服刑人员进行了一次研究调查计划,采访了近100名汽车盗贼,调查表明,很多人会观察放在座位上的外衣。绝不要把任何能显示你的家庭住址的文件留在车里。如果你有一个停车库,利用并锁上它——锁在车库里的汽车被盗的风险要小的多。

还有一些其他的方法可以避免汽车被盗。内政部发现,司机缺少安全停车的意识。大多数被问到的司机没有试图避免把车停到僻静的远离街灯的地方,而盗贼正喜欢这样的地方。“汽车协会”建议司机把车停在周围有人的地方——盗贼不喜欢有旁观者。

61.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】文章似乎暗示:信用卡付账              

A. 是更加适合安全停车                                 B. 是如今一个普遍的做法

C. 要比需要花费更长的时间                          D. 以某种方式帮助了窃贼

线索:文章的第3段提到“With payment by credit card more and more commonit is not unusual for a driver to be out of his car as long as six minutes providing the car thief with a golden opportunity”表明D答案为正确选项。选项B是比较符合常识的一个判断,但原文中是没有提到的。

【考点提示】这道题不是很难,但它的定位信息在原文的第3段不是第1段,这说明有时文章的第1道题也有可能是不和文章第1段对应。

62.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】下面那句话是正确的?

A. 在英国,每天有一百万辆汽车被盗。

B. 在英国仅仅有业余窃贼。

C. 和其他的类型犯罪相比,汽车盗窃更多。

D. 由于粗心,1/10的司机吸引了窃贼。

线索:文章的第1段提到“When the Automobile AssociationAAengineers surveyed one town centre car park last year10 percent of cars checked were unlocked”表明答案D为正确选项。A选项原文没有提到,而且也不符合常识,每天有100万的汽车丢失不太可能。B选项过于绝对化了,英国不可能只有业余窃贼。C选项原文是没有提到的。

【考点提示】同学们应该注意文章第1段的最后一句话,一般很有可能是考点。

63.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】文章中提到的关于汽车盗窃的所有研究包括下面全部,除了       

A. 检查私人的汽车修理厂                              B. 和摩托车司机谈话

C. 询问那些汽车窃贼                                     D. 检查停车场

线索1:文章的第4段提到,“300 motorists were questioned over three days of the holiday period 24 percent”表明选项B正确。

线索2:文章的第5段“A Manchester probationary(假释期)service research projectwhich interviewed almost 100 car thieves last year”,表明选项C正确。

线索3:文章的第6段“(AAengineers surveyed one town centre car park last year”,表明选项D正确。

【考点提示】根据题目的位置来判断线索在文章的位置,是最好的解析细节题的方法。文章的第4段虽然提到了汽车修理厂,但并没有说检查这些私人的修理厂。

64.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】推理判断             

【解析过程】一个司机避免汽车窃贼的最好的方法是       

A. 把写明家庭地址的文件留在汽车里

B. 任何时候都把车锁在停车场里

C. 汽车无人照看的时间不要长于必要的时间

D. 不要把天窗和车窗部分地开着

线索:文章的第5段提到“The AA recommends locking up whenever you leave the carand for however short a period. A partially open sunroof or window is a further come-on to thieves.”的内容和最后一段的内容,我们可以推理出答案选项B

【考点提示】题干的阅读是非常关键的,比如该题的题干的best这个词就很关键。

65.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】文章的最后一段“安全停车”的含义是       

A. 不要停放在路灯下面                                 B. 不要停放在剧院或电影院的前面

C. 避免汽车窃贼设计的陷阱                           D. 停放在许多人路过的地方

线索:文章的第7段提到“Most motorists questioned made no efforts to avoid parking in quiet spots away from street lights just the places thieves love.”表明答案D为正确选项。选项A B不正确的原因是与原文正好相反。

Passage Five

如今,我们听到很多关于全球化威胁不断增长的说法,还听到了这样的警告:丰富多彩的地方生活模式将被破坏,很多方言和传统将会灭绝。但是,停下来仔细想想全球化带来的有利之处。接着思考下去,你一定会感到宽慰,做好准备面对不可避免的全球化的未来。

想一想因特网这个使我们的世界缩小的最基本的例子。暂且把人们对色情和政治极端化普遍存在的担忧放在一边,即使是目光最短浅的人也必须承认网络给我们带来了无法估量的利益,不仅仅是教育——网络本意是为教育而设计的。更重要的是在全球范围内传播新闻和评论。对于政治家们来说,想要利用假信息来维护他们的政权将变得越来越难,受压迫者不仅可以得到支持与宽慰,而且可以更有效地组织自己。

音乐电视是另一个全球化传播者,经常因为把流行文化观点强加给全世界数以百万计的没有疑心的人而受到谴责。但是,毫无疑问,观众对于音乐电视的评论是肯定的:全世界大多数看音乐电视的青少年一代认为音乐电视是非常必要的。他们是正在成长的主要群体。最后的分析结论是:几首歌和几段视频又能产生怎样的危害呢?

当所有的都已经说完做完的时候,像耐克、可口可乐这样的世界主导品牌会对我们有害处吗?相比其他在世界范围内流行了相当相当长时间的海洛因、可卡因等,体育运动服和软饮料对我们根本没有害处。不管怎样,正因为耐克和可口可乐正在等待销售,这并不意味着你必须购买它们——即使是全球化,也不能剥夺个人的自由意愿。

批评全球化的人可以停止发表他们的悲观言论了。生活在继续,并将提供给这个世界上许多人比他们的前辈更多的乐趣。

66.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】因果关系细节             

【解析过程】一些人对于全球化感觉非常的伤心,因为他们相信:全球化将       

A. 给世界和平带来威胁                                 B. 影响多样化的生活

C. 打破目前人们的轻松生活                           D. 增加人们说地方语言的数量

线索:文章的第1段提到“Nowadayswe hear a lot about the growing threat of globalizationaccompanied by those warnings that the rich pattern of local life is being underminedand many dialects and traditions are becoming extinct.”表明答案B为正确选项。选项AC是原文中没有提到的。

【考点提示】第1道题对应的是第1段,这基本上已经成为出题老师的一个思路,所以同学们在做题的时候,一定要考虑到题目的顺序,然后回原文寻找相关的线索。

67.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节判断             

【解析过程】互联网最初是用来       

A. 促进教育                                                   B. 传播新闻和评论

C. 减轻人们的担心                                         D. 发表政治信念

线索:文章的第1段提到“ the net offers immeasurable benefitsnot just in terms of educationthe sector for which it was originally designedbut more importantly on a global levelthe spread of news and comment.”表明答案A为正确选项。选项B在原文中提到了,但不是互联网出现时最初的意愿。

【考点提示】题干的阅读非常的关键,有很多时候一个词就可以决定选项的方向。比如该题的originally表示最初的含义,一定要看清楚,然后回原文找相关的线索。

68.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】态度

【解析过程】作者对于全球化的态度是什么样的?

A. 怀疑。                   B. 积极。                    C. 不关心。                D. 鄙视。

线索:文章的第1段提到“But stop and think for a moment about the many positive aspects that globalization is bringing.”和最后一段“Critics of globalization can stop issuing their doom and gloom statements. ”表明答案B为正确选项。

【考点提示】态度题的解题方法一般是根据文章首段或末段,或者各段首句的一个总结来判断的。但有一些选项一般都是不正确的答案,比如C不关心,该选项一般都是错的,作者不可能对此事不关心,否则就没有必要写这篇文章了。

69.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】举例作用             

【解析过程】文章暗示:耐克和可口可乐       

A. 不应该成为显著的商标                              B. 被许多人给忽视了

C. 不能和药物相对比

D. 本不应该造成如此多的担心

线索:文章的第4段提到“Is the world dominance of brands like Nike and Coca-Cola so bad for uswhen all is said and done?”作者用了反疑问句的形式,表明是说两大跨国公司并不像人们所说的那样对我们非常的不好。因此答案D为正确选项。

【考点提示】shouldnt have cause so much concern表示的是情态助动词完成时的用法,表示本应该做但实际上是根本没有做的含义。类似的考点大家可以参看语词部分的详细分析。

70.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】主旨推断             

【解析过程】下面的哪句话是文章最合适的标题?

A. 全球化是标准化。                                     B. 全球化:喜欢它还是丢掉它。

C. 全球化:不用担心,快乐起来。                D. 全球化带来平等。

【考点提示】主旨题 = 文章的主题 + 作者的态度;很明显,文章的主题是全球化的问题,但作者的态度是积极的,所以选项C最合适。文章的主题是可以根据各题干中都相同的关键词来判断。

Part Cloze

想象一下渔夫走向海滩,准备开始做每天早晨的常规事情:准备渔船和渔网。   71   ,他们希望捕鱼能大丰收。但是,令他们   72   的是,他们昏昏欲睡的双眼看到了一幅可怕的景象。成千上万条死鱼漂浮在   73   。造成如此大规模的毁灭的原因是什么呢?赤潮!

赤潮是一种全球性   74   。美国和加拿大的大西洋沿岸和太平洋沿岸都出现过赤潮。在其他地方,它们也   75   。虽然只有很少的人   76   它们,但赤潮并非什么新鲜事物。

1908年,在菲律宾的巴塔安省首次发现了赤潮。从那以后,在其他很多   77   也发现了赤潮。菲律宾的一位赤潮专家告诉我们:“   78   导致鱼类的死亡,菲律宾还有1926例赤潮毒死贝类动物的文献资料。”

“赤潮”这个术语   79   海洋的某些区域的水有时出现的变色。虽然水的颜色通常是红色,但也有可能是棕色或黄色的   80   。《世界百科全书》 的介绍说,“变色的区域少则   81   几平方米,多则超过2600平方千米”。

什么导致了变色呢?一般来说,赤潮是由一些单细胞生物   82   造成的。这些微生物有头发状的突起物,它们用这些东西在水中   83   自己。大约有2000种这样的生物,其中30种携带着有毒的   84   。这些微生物通常存在于富含盐分的温带水域。

当这些生物突然且快速   85   时,赤潮就会发生。这些生物的密度可能   86   每夸脱水50000000个!虽然科学家没有完全了解这样的现象为什么会发生。但已知的是当某些环境因素同时作用于海水时,这些生物就会   87   。这些环境因素包括反常的天气、

   88    湿度、海水中的营养过剩、   89   的阳光和起促进作用的水流。当出现暴雨时,矿物质和其他营养物质有时候被   90   陆地冲进沿海水域。这些营养物质有助于微生物的繁殖。结果呢?赤潮!

71.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】As a result“结果”;As it is“实际上,其实”;As expected“正如期望的那样”;As usual“照常”。这一句与上一句是简单的承接关系,因此描述的也是渔夫通常情况下的希望,所填词应与routine含义相近,D是正确答案。

72.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】satisfaction“满意,满足”;disappointment“失望”;astonishment“惊讶”;regret“遗憾”。这一句与前面两句是转折关系,意味着这一句所描述的情况在渔夫们的意料之外,使他们感到惊讶,应选astonishment

73.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】ashore“向岸上地,在岸上地”;aboard“在船上(飞机,车)上”;aside“在旁边”;across“横过,交叉地,在对面”。鱼死之后只可能漂在水面上或海岸边,ashore是正确答案。

74.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】question“疑问,问题,议题”;crisis“危机关头,紧要关头”;phenomenon“现象”;situation“(房屋建筑等的)位置,形势,情况”。整篇文章作者描述的是一种现象——赤潮。

75.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑衔接

【考点剖析】occupy“占用,占据”;occur“发生,出现”;acquire“获得,学到”;accuse“控告,谴责”。这一句和上一句是承接关系,上一句描述了在美国和加拿大的海岸上出现了赤潮,这一句指出其他地方也发生了赤潮。

76.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】be assured of“弄清楚,查明;be worried about“为……忧虑,烦恼的”;be concerned about“挂念”;be aware of“知道”。这一句前后为转折关系,由red tides are not new可以推断前面所表达的意思应该是“虽然只有很少的人知道赤潮”,D是正确选项。

77.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】sandy beaches“沙滩”;river mouths“河口”;coastal areas“海岸区”;reef areas“暗礁区”。根据前文的描述,我们已经知道赤潮发生在海岸附近,所以选C

78.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】except“……除外”;besides“除……之外(还有)”;despite“尽管”;without“如果没有”。这一句前后是递进关系,指出赤潮不仅能毒死鱼类,而且还能毒死贝类;B是正确答案。注意exceptbesides不同,except排除了(而非包含)它所修饰的对象。

79.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】apply to“将……用于”;sum up“总计,概括”;cope with“应付,处理”;lead to“导致,通向”。这一句是赤潮的一个描述性定义,或者说是说明赤潮这个概念用于描述哪种现象的;应选apply to

80.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】shadow“阴影,隐蔽处”;shade“阴凉处,阴暗,颜色深浅”;shake“震动,摇动,握手,发抖”;shape“形状,形式”。四个选项中只有shade能和颜色连用。

81.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】less than“少于”;more than“多于”;as much as“差不多”;as little as“和……一样少”。这一句中由from ... to 连接的两部分表示变色区域的范围,它们二者是对称的;由于2600 square kilometers前有more than修饰,所以a few square yards前应用less than修饰。

82.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】component“成分”;element“要素,元素”;ingredient“成分,因素”;species“物种”。这里several species of表示“几种”。

83.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】propel“推进”;probe“探查,探明”;proceed“进行,继续下去,发生”;prompt“提示,鼓励,唤起”。这一句描写的是微生物利用身体上的突起物在水中帮助自己前进,能使语义连贯的只有propel

84.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】material“材料,原料”;substance“物质,实体”;mass“块,团,群众,大量”;object“物体,目标”。这一句描述的是微生物携带着有毒物质,显然只有B符合句意。

85.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】bolt“门闩,插销”;block“块,街区,阻滞”;bloom“开花,最盛期”;blast“一阵(风),一股(气流),爆炸,冲击波”。sudden and rapid不能修饰blotblock,排除AB;又因为所填词用来描述微生物突然快速地膨胀(而非爆炸),所以bloom最合适。

86.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】scale“按比例逐渐增高,攀登”;plunge“跳入,急降”;gauge“测量”,只能作为及物动词;swell“膨胀,增大”。上一句描述了生物会突然急速膨胀,这一句是对膨胀的一个量化,所以D最符合语境。

87.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】accelerate“加速,促进”;accommodate“适应”;accumulate“积聚,堆积”;accompany“陪伴,伴奏”。这一句与前两句是承接关系,所填词与85题中的bloom86题中的swell含义应相近,accumulate符合要求。

88.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】optimum“最适宜的”;minimum“最小的”;maximum“最大的”;momentum“动量”。显然,只有湿度最适宜时才会有利于微生物的成长。

89.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】means“手段,方法”;an amount of“许多”;account for“说明,占”。

90.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】be washed from ...into...“被从……冲到……”。

Paper Two试卷二(60 minutes

Part Error Detection and Correction

1.    【正确答案】C,改为“would have won”。

【句子翻译】如果当初反对工会议程上的选举,我们可能比专业技术人员选择的竞选议题获得更多的选票。

【考点类型】虚拟语气

【考点剖析】if从句中的动词用过去完成时,主句中的动词要用条件完成时。

【考点扩展】非真实条件句

非真实条件句的假设是不可能发生或实现的,句中的条件句与结果主句都要用虚拟语气。现将用于非真实条件句中的虚拟时态列表如下:

比如:If we left nowwe should arrive in time. 如果现在就走的话,我们可以及时到达。If hadnt been toldI wouldnt have known what these were for. 假如别人不告诉我,我就不会知道这些东西是干什么的。If you lived there for a whileyou would change your mind about that place. 假如你在那里待一段时间,你就会改变对那个地方的看法。

2.    【正确答案】B,改为“industrial”。

【句子翻译】在现代工业社会里,社会文化正在加速发生变化。

【考点类型】同源词辨析

【考点剖析】industrious“勤勉的,刻苦的”;industrial“工业的,产业的”。

3.    【正确答案】A,改为“struggling”。

【句子翻译】尽管格雷厄姆很多年来一直在努力与那些讨厌和嘲笑她作品的观众抗争,但不可否认她的独特视角所具有的力量和本质。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】spend + 时间 + doing“消磨,度过(时间)”。比如:We spent a pleasant hour or two talking with our friends.“我们跟朋友交谈,愉快地度过了一两个小时。”

【考点扩展】spend还常与on连用,表示“花费(钱)在……上”。比如:They spend a lot of money on advertising.“他们在广告上花了大量的钱。”

4.    【正确答案】B,改为“such”。

【句子翻译】随着像约克和兰开斯特等地新大学的建立,在斯坦福建立一所大学的希望也在高涨。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】such as表示“这样的,如此的,这类的”。比如:People such as him shouldnt be allowed in here.“不应该允许像他这样的人到这里来。”但要注意的是suchas也可以分开,上一句也可以写成Such people as him shouldnt be allowed in here.

【考点扩展】such ... as可以作为惯用搭配表示“任何……,凡是……”。比如:Such accommodation as she could find was expensive.“她能找到的住处都很贵。”

5.    【正确答案】D,改为“active”。

【句子翻译】地方上的各个当局一直在积极地鼓励投资,他们比英国的对手在规划上有更多的自由权。

【考点类型】系表结构

【考点剖析】be动词后面所跟表语应为形容词。

6.    【正确答案】B,改为“involves”。

【句子翻译】对化石的详细研究,就像调查一宗犯罪一样,要把大量不同的证据碎片拼凑起来。

【考点类型】句子结构

【考点剖析】一个主句(从句)中只应有一个主语。句子中已经有了主语The detailed study of fossilsit就是多余的了。

7.    【正确答案】C,改为“sold”。

【句子翻译】今天,Guinness牌黑啤酒散步世界各地,在40多个国家生产且在约130个国家销售。

【考点类型】平行结构

【考点剖析】produced in over 40 countriessold in around 130是并列的关系,所以sellproduce一样,也应用过去时的形式。

【考点扩展】连接平行结构的常用连词有andbutornot only...but also...either... or...neither... nor...both...and...as...as...等。

8.    【正确答案】B,改为“its”。

【句子翻译】社会心理学植根于整个西方传统的知识土壤中,而它目前的繁荣被认为是美国特有的现象。

【考点类型】句子结构

【考点剖析】itsit is,如果不将其改为所有格形式,主句中将有两个谓语。

【考点扩展】物主代词简介

物主代词即是人称代词属格,表示所有。与人称代词一样,也分第一人称、第二人称和第三人称,每个人称分单数和复数。物主代词有形容词性和名词性两种。形容词性物主代词相当于形容词,置于名词前。比如:Kathy has cut her finger. 凯西把手指割破了。名词性物主代词相当于名词。比如:That isnt my carmine is being repaired. 那不是我的车,我的车正在修理。

9.    【正确答案】A,改为“can hardly”。

【句子翻译】如果青少年没有希望拥有他们自己的财富,我们几乎不可能指望他们会尊重其他人的财产。

【考点类型】双重否定

【考点剖析】cannot hardly表示极端肯定的语气,与语境不符。

【考点扩展】hardly作为副词

hardly作为副词表示“几乎不,简直不”,常与anyeverat all以及情态动词can连用。比如:It hardly rained at all last summer. 去年夏天没怎么下雨。hardly anything“简直没什么东西”。hardly ... when“一……就……”(hardly放在句首要倒装)。比如:Hardly had she reached there when it began to rain.她刚到那儿就下雨了。

10.   【正确答案】B,改为“if not”。

【句子翻译】我已经把第三次和第四次选择的机会给了这些候选人,他们如果不是的确毫无价值,至少也应该和我一样明白根本就没有机会被选上。

【考点类型】句子结构

【考点剖析】句中的if not exactlyworthless”是一个插入语。

【考点扩展】if not作为惯用搭配表示“不然的话,否则”。比如:Get out of here at once. If notIll phone the police.“马上滚出去。否则,我就报警。”

Part Translation

1.    为了成功举办2008年奥运会,北京计划投入230亿美元用于基础设施建设。

【结构分析】这是一个表示目的的句子。为了怎么样,北京计划做什么。所以表目的的可以译为in order to.

【词义推敲】奥运会 the Olympic Games

基础设施 infrastructure

【参考译文】In order to host the 2008 Olympic Games successfullyBeijing plans to invest 23 billion U.S. dollars in the construction of infrastructure.

2.    据说一些外国公司已经注意到了这些商机。

【结构分析】这是一个单句,只一个句子,据说可以译为it is said...

【词义推敲】商机 business opportunities

【参考译文】It is said that some foreign companies have noted these business opportunities.

3.    美国的一些公司打算在电信和信息技术方面提供产品和服务。

【结构分析】这也是一个简单句。只有一句话,主语是“美国的一些公司”,谓语是“打算提供”,“然后服务”是宾语。

【词义推敲】电信 telecommunications

信息技术 information technology = IT

服务 service

【参考译文】Some American companies plans to provide products and services in telecommunications and information & technology.

4.    英国的一些公司也正在围绕北京奥运会寻求商机,他们试图找到自己有优势的领域,如不污染环境的建筑技术等。

【结构分析】这是个并列句。主语是英国的公司,谓语为寻求和找到,最后是举例说明。

【词义推敲】寻求 seek

领域 fielddomain

建筑技术 construction techniques

【参考译文】Some British companies are also seeking business opportunities around the Olympic Gamesthey are trying to find their own advantagesuch as  pollution-free construction techniques.

Part Guided Writing

参考范文:

As the story tells uswe have to think which we are to consider as more importantlife or money. The father in the story is the victim of his savingsbecause he loses his life when trying to get his money out of the house regardless of the risk. The story is intended to tell us that money sometimes brings misfortune if one has become a slave of money. My argument is listed as follows

On one handto be the master of money can make life more meaningful and bring fortune. It is known to all that there are many other things that are more important than moneysuch as knowledgehealth and friendship. Overestimate of the importance and value of money is likely to confine ones activity and thinking to money. As a resulteverything else is overlooked and happiness will not come easily.

On the other handto be a slave of money can make a person end up with disasterjust as the father in the story. Many crimes are related to moneyincluding robberybribery and stealing. This follows that we have to take a positive attitude towards money.

In conclusionIll never do such a silly thing as the father has done. Money does mean a lotbut it does not mean everything. Ill learn a lesson from the story and try to devote myself to more important tasks rather than become a slave of money.

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