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2005年同等学力英语真题及答案
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2009-12-4 9:47:53  点击数:

2005年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试

Paper One试卷一(90 minutes

Part Dialogue Communication10 minutes10 points

Section A   Dialogue Completion

DirectionsIn this sectionyou will read five short incomplete dialogues between two speakerseach followed by four choices marked ABCand D. Choose the best answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

1.    AWhy dont you have dinner with me tonight

B       

A. Because I have an appointment.

B. Sorry about thatbut I have to go to a party.

C. The reason is that I have to work overtime tonight.

D. Id love tobut I have to finish my paper.

2.    AIm afraid I have spilled some coffee on the tablecloth.

B       

A. Ohdont worry about that.                       B. You neednt apologize.

C. I feel sorry for that.                                      D. Ohyou shouldnt have done that.

3.    AYou seem to have a lot of work to do in your office. Youve always been working overtime.

B       

A. You are rightbut dont you know the meaning of work

B. SorryI dont think so. I get overpaid for overworkyou know.

C. That’s right. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

D. Thats rightbut the work is interesting. I dont mind some extra hours at all.

4.    AGeorgeI would like to introduce a friend of mineif I mayAlbert Snow. Albertthis is George Smith.

B       

A. How have you been                                  B. Pleased to meet youGeorge.

C. Mind if call you George                                   D. The pleasures mine.

5.    AExcuse me. I dont want to interrupt you...

B       

A. Nono. Its quite all right.                        B. Wellnever mind.

C. It won’t bother me.                                      D. Of course not.

Section B   Dialogue Comprehension

DirectionsIn this sectionyou will read five short conversations between a man and a womanAt the end of each conversation there is a question followed by four choices marked ABCand D. Choose the best answer to the question from the four choices by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

6.    ManI saw John yesterday. You know whatHe was driving a luxurious car.

WomanHe rented it. He often makes believe that he is a millionaire.

QuestionWhat does the woman mean

A. Everyone believes that John is a millionaire.

B. John dreams of becoming a millionaire.

C. John dreams of having a luxurious car.

D. John pretends to be a millionaire.

7.    WomanI can hardly go on. The work is so tough.

ManDont lose heart. Ill back you up all the time.

QuestionWhat does the man mean

A. He will help the woman with her work.          B. He will support the woman.

C. He will do the work for the woman.               D. He will encourage the woman.

8.    ManI didnt know you got a promotion. Why didnt you tell me earlier so that we could have celebrated it

WomanI guess it slipped my mind. My mind was lost to other things because of work.

QuestionWhat does the woman mean

A. She felt lost with her work.                           B. She had a poor memory.

C. She forgot to tell him.                                         D. She had to go to work.

9.    ManThe new Chevy Chase film was terrific

WomanOhcome off itAl. Chevy Chase is a great comedianbut he sure didnt show it in that movie.

QuestionWhat does the woman think of the movie

A. It’s a great comedy.                                      B. It’s typical Chevy Chase film.

C. It isn’t a good comedy.                                 D. It isn’t as terrible as Al thought.

10.   WomanYou havent said a word about my dressDave. Dont you like it

ManIm sorry I didnt say anything about it sooner. I dont think Ive seen anything like it before.

QuestionWhat does the man probably think of the dress

A. It is in fashion.                                            B. It surely is unique.

C. It is a bit old-fashioned.                                D. It surely suits her.

Part Vocabulary10 minutes10 points

Section A

DirectionsIn this section there are ten sentenceseach with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the 4 choices marked ABC and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

11.   Should English classes be compulsory at the elementary or primary school level in countries where it is not the native language

A. required                  B. necessary                 C. selected                   D. permanent

12In the endboth attacks and defenses of the free market and conventional economics have immense philosophical implications.

A. traditional                                                   B. novel

C. capital-centered                                          D. consumption-centered

13.   Applicant will be asked to provide information on how they will disseminate information to other students at their university or college.

A. disclose                    B. deliver                            C. spread                      D. analyze

14.   In generalthe British people belong to one of the more affluent countries of Europe and enjoy a high standard of living compared to the rest of the world.

A. plentiful                   B. powerful                  C. friendly                    D. wealthy

15.   To absorb a younger work forcemany companies offered retirement plans as incentives for older workers to retire and make way for the younger ones who earned lower salaries.

A. rewards                   B. opportunities             C. motives               D. stimuli

16.   Their business flourished at its new location a year later owing to their joint efforts and hard work.

A. prevailed                  B. failed                       C. boomed                    D. shrank

17.   The pressure on her from her family caused her to resort to the drastic measures.

A. turn to                            B. keep to                     C. stick to                     D. lead to

18.   I shall never forget the look of intense anguish on the face of his parents when they heard the news.

A. stress                       B. dilemma                   C. misery                            D. surprise

19.   If minor disputes are left unsettledtough ones will pile up sooner or later.

A. accumulate               B. vanish                      C. linger                       D. emerge

20.   The police tried in vain to break up the protest crowds in front of the government building.

A. unskillfully         B. violently                C. ineffectively       D. eventually

Section B

21.   I would like to express my______to you all for supporting me this summer as a visiting scholar in your department.

A. satisfaction               B. gratitude                C. pleasure                   D. sincerity

22.   The objective of this popular consultation is to determine______the final political status of the regionwhether to remain part of the country as a special districtor to part from it.

A. once upon a time                                             B. once and again

C. all at once                                             D. once and for all

23.   The two countries will assign counter-drug officials to their respective embassies on a ______ basis.

A. fundamental                B. similar                     C. reciprocal                 D. reasonable

24.   Tennessees population is nearly two-fifths ruraland no single city or group of cities______          the state.

A. dominates                B. manages                   C. manipulates               D. controls

25.   We all know that in a situation like this a cool head is______.

A. called for         B. called off                 C. called on                 D. called up

26.   The destruction an earthquake causes depends on its______ and durationor the amount of shaking that occurs.

A. altitude                    B. magnitude                C. multitude                D. aptitude

27.   The El Nino has______affected the regional weather and temperature over much of the tropicssub-tropics and some mid-latitude areas.

A. externally                  B. consistently               C. insistently                D. internally

28.   During all these years of absence he had ______ a tender feeling for his mother and the family.

A. enclosed                    B. hugged                   C. enriched                 D. cherished

29.   The ______ choice for a consumerthereforeis the choice among the available ones that will enable him or her to maximize utility.

A. optimal                    B. optional                 C. optical                            D. optimistic

30.   Mrs. Smith ______ tears when she heard her daughter had died in the road accident.

A. broke in                   B. broke up                 C. broke through             D. broke into

Part Reading Comprehension50 minutes25 points

DirectionsThere are five passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

Passage One

It was Fridaythe day of the field trip on which Miss Joan would take her class to pick apples.

Miss Joan enjoyed picking apples with her students. She smiled as she led her students to the bus that would take them to the Greenly Apple Orchard(果园).

The bus ride was bumpy and the kids were a little noisybut still Miss Joan was smiling.

The bus stopped in front of the Greenly Orchard Store and the class got off quickly and quietly. Miss Joan made sure everyone was there.What a glorioussunnyapple picking day,”Miss Joan announced with her grandest smile.

Mr. Greenly was there to greet them.Let me seethere are eighteen children and two adults at three dollars each. That will be sixty dollarsplease.

Miss Joan held up the brochure in her hand.It says that the price is two dollars each,”she pointed out.Thats what I collected from everyone.

Weve had to raise the price,”Mr. Greenly stated.

You sent me this brochure after we made our reservation,”Miss Joan complained,“and it says two dollars!”

Miss Joanif you look at the bottom of this brochure,”Mr. Greenly said,“youll notice a very important statement.

Sure enoughin very tiny lettersit said,“Prices are subject to change without notice.

Miss Joan was determined to keep her good mood. She took a twenty dollars bill out of her own purse and handed it to Mr. Greenly with the forty dollars she had in an envelope.

Now childrendo you all have your baskets?”Miss Joan called out.Rememberyou can pick as many apples as six apples each.

I beg your pardon!”Miss Joan was not smiling now.The brochure says,‘ALL YOU CAN PICK’!”

Mr. Greenly pointed to the tiniest letters Miss Joan had ever almost seen. It also says,“Terms and conditions of group reservations are subject to change without notice.

Miss Joans good mood was now history. She didnt want to set a bad example for her studentsso she said in a calm and quiet voice,“Were going homegive me our money backplease.

31.   How many dollars did Miss Joan hand to Mr. Greenly

A. 20                           B. 40                           C. 60                           D. 18

32. The phrase“subject to change without notice”suggests        

A. Mr. Greenly could change the terms at will.

B. the customers should read the brochure carefully.

C. Mr. Greenly could determine what apples to be picked.

D. the customers should be informed beforehand.

33.   The students could not pick as many apples as they would like because        

A. they were children.                                      B. there were not enough apples.

C. they had made a group reservation.                D. they would eat up too many apples.

34.Miss Joans good mood was now history?”(the last paragraphmeans        

A. Miss Joan had been happy until that moment.

B. Miss Joan was no longer interested in history.

C. Miss Joan taught her students the history of the orchard.

D. Miss Joan was good at concealing her feelings.

35.   What can we learn about Miss Joan from the story

A. She did not read the brochure carefully.

B. She made a reservation after seeing the brochure.

C. She lost her temper in the end.

D. She didn’t know how to complain.

Passage Two

Both civilization and culture are fairly modern wordshaving come into prominent use during the 19th century by anthropologists(人类学家),historiansand literary figures. There has been a strong tendency to use them interchangeably as though they mean the same thingbut they are not the same.

Although modern in their usagethe two words derived from ancient Latin. The word civilization is based on the Latin civisof a city. Thus civilizationin its most essential meaningis the ability of people to live together harmoniously in citiesin social groupings. From this definition it would seem that certain insectssuch as ants or beesare also civilized. They live and work together in social groups. So do some microorganisms. But there is more to civilizationand that is what culture brings to it. Socivilization is inseparable from culture.

The word culture is derived from the Latin verb coleretill the soil. But colere also has a wider range of meanings. It maylike civismean inhabiting a town or village. But most of its definitions suggest a process of starting and promoting growth and development. One may cultivate a gardenone may also cultivate ones interestsmindand abilities. In its modern use the word culture refers to all the positive aspects and achievements of humanity that make mankind different from the rest of the animal world. Culture has grown out of creativitya characteristic that seems to be unique to human beings.

One of the basic and best-known features of civilization and culture is the presence of tools. But more important than their simple existence is that the tools are always being improved and enlarged upona result of creativity. It took thousands of years to get from the first wheel to the latestmost advanced model of automobile.

It is the concept of humans as toolmakers and improvers that differentiates them from other animals. A monkey may use a stick to knock a banana from a treebut that stick will neverthrough a monkeys clevernessbe modified into a hook or a ladder. Monkeys have never devised a spoken languagewritten a bookcomposed a melodybuilt a houseor painted a portrait. To say that birds build nests and beavers(海狸)their dens is to miss the point. People once lived in cavesbut their clevernessimaginationand creativity led them to progress beyond caves to buildings.

36.   What does the author think of the wordscivilizationandculture”?

A. They are identical.

B. They are different concepts.

C. They can often be used interchangeably.

D. They are defined differently by different people.

37.   According to the author the word“civilization”originally refers to         .

A. people’s way of life in cities

B. people’s ability to live together in cities

C. a type of social organizations

D. an advanced level of social life

38.   The Latin verb colere originally means“        ”.

A. live in a city                                                B. develop oneself

C. promote growth                                           D. cultivate the land

39.   The author believes that creativity         .

A. is a unique feature of civilized beings

B. brings forth the improvement of tools

C. is the result of human development

D. helps the advance of culture

40.   The author mentions monkeys in the last paragraph to show that         .

A. monkeys are the same as birds

B. people once lived in caves like monkeys

C. monkeys can never develop into human beings

D. man is different from other animals such as monkeys

Passage Three

The huge growth of globalecotourismindustry is becoming an increasing concern for conservationists with mounting evidence that many wild species do not respond well to contact with human beings. Overexposure to tourists has been linked to stressabnormal behaviour and adverse health effects in species such as polar bearsdolphins and gorillas(大猩猩),says a report in New Scientist.

While regulated ecotourism can help conservation efforts by encouraging people to manage endangered species and their habitatsmany projects are poorly designed and unregulatedit says.Many ecotourist projects are unauditedunauthorized and merely hint they are based on environmentally friendly policies and operations.”

Ecotourism is growing by 10 to 30 percent a year and an estimated 20 percent of tourists are thought to visit a conservation-based project. Philip Seddonof the University of Otago in New Zealandsaid that although most tourist projects conformed to basic guidelines on land use and not scaring wildlifetheir full impact was rarely considered.

Transmission of disease to wildlifeor subtle changes to wildlife health through disturbance of daily routines or increased stress levels may translate to lowered survival and breeding,”he said. Research at the University of Auckland has shown that dolphins become restless and overactive when many tourist boats are present. When three or more boats are nearthe dolphins rest for 0.5 percent of the timecompared with 68 percent when they are accompanied by a single boat. The findings are backed up by studies of dolphins in Britain. Researchers at the University of Manitoba in Canada have found that male polar bears easily disturbed by tourist vehicleswith a possible effect on their heart rate and metabolism(新陈代谢). That could reduce body fat levels and fitnesscritical for survival.

In Africagorillas have picked up parasites introduced to their habitat by tourists and mongooses(蠓)have caught lung diseases from human beings. Experts said that the answer to the problems was better regulation and supervision of ecotourism. The Galapagos Islandswhere visitor numbers are strictly controlledis a good model.

41.   Ecotourism is meant to         .

A. have tourists help in the conservation of wildlife

B. have wild species respond well to contact with humans

C. make wild species reduce stress and abnormal behaviour

D. make conservationists more concerned with wildlife

42.   According to New Scientistmany ecotourist projects         .

A. really encourage people to protect wildlife and its habitat

B. strictly follow environmentally friendly policies

C. actually lack proper examination and official approval

D. seriously damage the habitats of endangered species

43.   What will happen to wildlife ultimately if the presentecotourismpractice goes on

A. It will disturb their life.                                B. It will affect their health.

C. It will increase their stress.                            D. It will threaten their survival.

44.   According to the passagethe growth in the globalecotourismindustry         .

A. reflects an increasing concern for conservation

B. arouses a growing concern for conservation

C. coincides with a mounting concern for conservation

D. originates from a greater concern for conservation

45.   According to the passagea solution to theecotourismproblem is to         .

A. encourage people to manage endangered species

B. reduce the exposure of wildlife to human beings

C. help wild animals increase their fitness

D. prevent wildlife from catching human diseases

Passage Four

Computers can beat chess champion Gary Kasparov at his gamecount all the atoms in a nuclear explosionand calculate complex figures in a fraction of a secondbut they still fail at the slight differences in language translation. Artificial Intelligence computers have large amounts of memorycapable of storing huge translating dictionaries and extensive lists of grammar rules. Yettodays best computer language translators have just a 60 percent accuracy rate. Scientists are still unable to program the computer with human-like common sense reasoning power.

Computer language translation is called Machine Translationor MT. While not perfectMT is surprisingly good. MT was designed to process drytechnical language that people find tedious to translate. Computers can translate basic phrasessuch asYou foot bones connected to your ankle boneyour ankle bones connected to your leg bone.They can translate more difficult phrasessuch asWhich witch is which?”Computers can also accurately translateWild thingyou make my heart sing!”into other languages because they can understand individual wordsas long as the words are pre-programmed in their dictionary.

But highly sensitive types of translatingsuch as important diplomatic conversationsare beyond the scope of computer translating programs. Human translators use intuitional meaningnot logicto process words and phrases into other languages. A human can properly translate the phrase,“The pen is in the pen(围养禽畜的圈),”because most humans know that it means that a writing instrument is in a small enclosed space. Many timescomputers do not have the ability to determine in which way two identical words in one sentence are to be used.

In addition to using massive rule-programmed machinescomputer programmers are also trying to teach computers to learn how to think for themselves through theexperienceof translating. Even with these effortsprogrammers admit that athinkingcomputer might not ever be invented in the future.

46.   Computers today are capable of         .

A. defeating the best chess player in the world

B. telling subtle differences between languages

C. translating over 60 percent of difficult texts

D. doing human-like common sense reasoning

47.   According to the passagewhich of the following is NOT true

A. Computers can translate dry and difficult phrases.

B. Computers can understand sensitive language.

C. Computers can translate technical language.

D. Computers can understand pre-programmed words.

48.   The major problem with computer translating programs is that computers         .

A. can not translate illogical sentences

B. do not have a large enough capacity of memory

C. can not understand grammatical rules

D. do not have intuition to process language

49.   To improve machine translationcomputer programmers are trying to         .

A. use powerful rule-programmed computers

B. teach computers to think by practice

C. have computers compile translating dictionaries

D. add explanations of words in computer programs

50.   The passage suggests that         .

A. the accuracy rate of machine translation cannot be raised

B. it is impossible for computers to think as humans do

C. only technical language is suitable for machine translation

D. it is impossible to determine of identical words

Passage Five

Several years ago during the dot-com passionManhattan lawyer John Kennedy sometimes wore a dark blue suit to meet potential Internet clients. But he soon realized that his conservative clothes were a strike against him before he even shook hands. So he began to do business in casualopen-shirt clothes.

But now the tables have turned. Today Silicon Valley executives are the ones often coming out in suits. No wonder that Fortune 500 executives are dusting off their silk ties and pants.I would say there is a trend now toward a little more business dress,”said Kennedy.“I find myself wearing suits more.”

While there isnt a rush toward formal office wearclothiers and executives say the workplace uniform is heading that way. In many officesmen are wearing jacketsties and pants more frequently than a year ago. Top women executives never went as casual as menso the shift doesnt affect them as dramatically.

Business casualtook several years to catch on. It started with casual Fridaysevolved to casual summersthen became casual everyday. A return to the button-down look also will take timeobservers say. Lehman Brothers is one of the few major firms that has officially returned to a formal dress policyat least for offices that clients visit. Men were told to wear suits and ties and women to wear suits or dresses. The shift is due to a rethinking of work environments and more contacts with clients as the firm has grown.

Observers mention many factors driving the trend. Internet companies helped lead the dress-down movement and other industries followed suit to attract workers. But with the collapse of many dot-comsthe relaxed look is becoming a style to avoid. Moreoveras the economy stumblesmore people are hunting for jobs or trying to keep the ones they haveand appearance counts.

US President Bush wears a coat and tie in the White House office and expects his staff to dressprofessionally,”which some say sets a tone for the nation.

Chuck Wardellmanaging director of a recruiting firmbelieves a lot of employees like a stiffer uniform.Theyre going to work. They dont want to feel like theyre going to a picnic.

51.   “Business casual”was prevalent several years ago because         .

A. the Manhattan law business grew very quickly

B. shaking hands with clients became popular

C. the country was fighting the conservatives

D. the Internet companies boomed then

52.   When thebusiness casualprevailed        .

A. businessmen wore ties only in workplace

B. businessmen didn’t wear ties at all

C. businesswomen didn’t wear formally in workplace

D. businesswomen still wore formally everywhere

53.   The Fortune 500 executives         .

A. set the trend toward more casual wear

B. are particular about what they wear

C. begin to wear suits more often than before

D. are usually indifferent to fashion trend

54.   At the beginning of thebusiness casualtrendbusiness people wore casually         .

A. when meeting clients                                    B. on weekends

C. in summer                                                   D. almost every day

55.   It is implied in the passage that the change of business dress from the casual to the formal reflects         .

A. the change of people’s taste in fashion

B. the ups and downs of the fashion industry

C. the ups and downs of the Internet companies

D. people’s different preference in business dress

Part Cloze10 minutes10 points

DirectionsIn this partthere is a passage with fifteen blanks. For each blank there are four choices marked ABC and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

The United States has historically had higher rates of marriage than those of other industrialized countries. The current annual marriage    56    in the United States—about 9 new marriages for every 1,000 people—is    57    higher than it is in other industrialized countries. Howevermarriage is    58    as widespread as it was several decades ago.    59    of American adults who are married    60    from 72 percent in 1970 to 60 percent in 2002. This does not mean that large numbers of people will remain unmarried    61    their lives. Throughout the 20th centuryabout 90 percent of Americans married at some    62    in their lives. Experts

   63    that about the same proportion of today’s young adults will eventually marry.

The timing of marriage has varied    64    over the past century. In 1995 the average age of women in the United States at the time of their first marriage was 25. The average age of men was about 27. Men and women in the United States marry for the first time at an average of five years later than people did in the 1950s.    65   young adults of the 1950s married younger than did any previous    66    in U.S. history. Todays later age of marriage is    67    the age of marriage between 1890 and 1940. Moreovera greater proportion of the population was married 95 percentduring the 1950s than at any time before    68   . Experts do not agree on why themarriage rushof the late 1940s and 1950s occurredbut most social scientists believe it represented a    69    to the return of peaceful life and prosperity after 15 years of severe economic    70    and war.

56.   A. rate                         B. ratio                      C. percentage                  D. poll

57.   A. potentially                B. intentionally       C. randomly                   D. substantially

58.   A. not any longer       B. no more                  C. no longer                  D. not any more

59.   A. A proportion        B. The proportion     C. The number         D. A number

60.   A. declined                   B. deteriorated               C. deduced                    D. demolished

61.   A. past                       B. passing                   C. throughout                  D. through

62.   A. period                     B. level                     C. point                      D. respect

63.   A. project                    B. plan                      C. promise                     D. propose

64.   A. unexpectedly                B. irregularly                 C. flexibly               D. consistently

65.   A. Besides                    B. However                   C. Whereas                  D. Nevertheless

66.   A. descendants                 B. ascendants          C. population          D. generation

67.   A. according to                 B. in line with        C. based on                   D. caused by

68.   A. and after                    B. or after                    C. or since                   D. ever since

69.   A. refusal                     B. realization                  C. response                    D. reality

70.   A. repression                   B. aggression                 C. restriction             D. depression

Part Error Detection5 minutes5points

DirectionsIn this sectionthere are ten sentences. Each sentence has four underlined words or phrases marked ABC and D. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect. Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

71.   It is an accepted custom for guests to take their gifts to the wedding reception when the

             A                    B             C

couple invited them to attend.

           D

72. Some international students use a cassette recorder to make tapes of their classes so that they

                           A                  B                       C

can repeat the lectures again.

                       D

73. Despite of diligent efforts to promote domestic production during the war yearsthe

       A

Continental Army had to rely primarily on captures and imports for much of its military

                   B                 C                 D

hardware and even for clothing.

 

74. In a sensefarmers began primitive genetic engineering at the dawn of agriculturewhich they

                                                      A                 B

kept seeds from their best plantsgradually improving the quality of successive generations.

          C                            D

75. Students completing a course in computer science and technology can look forward to find a

              A                                                  B       C

wide range of jobs.                                                       

        D

76. The departments concerned shall listen and accept criticisms and rational suggestions

                               A               B

regarding the protection of women’s rights and interests.

      C                     D

77. Astronomers have increased their observation powers greatly through improved high-powered

                  A                             B             C

telescopescomputer simulations and coordinate with other scientists.

                                      D

78. In business as a wholethere is a controversy as to whether are businesses really encouraging

            A                             B              C

the prospects of greater equality in the workplace.

                         D

79. It is ironic that although in 1955 actor James Dean made an advertisement warning teens of

       A

how harm it was to drive fasthe himself died from a speeding accident.

       B                C                 D

80. Neither of the boys who have been helping us know the importance of this particular project.

     A                  B                C                        D

Paper Two 试卷二(60 minutes

Part Translation30 minutes20 points

Section A

DirectionsTranslate the following passage into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

Progress in communication and transport technologies during the 20th century has enabled us to overcome geographical boundaries and revolutionize our way of living. The world is now linked to such an extent that a local happening cannot take place without impacting on the international community.

Globalization is not just about increasing the worldwide circulation of information and ideas. Economically speakingit entails transnational investment and international tradethereby integrating all countries into a single giant world market. In terms of cultureglobalization itself is neither positive nor negativeit may be either of them depending on our viewpoint.

Section B

DirectionsTranslate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

随着我国社会经济的迅猛发展、人们生活水平的提高和医疗卫生条件的改善,我国老年人口明显增多。不少人对此忧心忡忡,但有识之士指出,我们不仅要看到人口老龄化所带来的巨大压力,也要看到人口老龄化背后所蕴涵的商机以及老年人丰富的智力、经验等资源,要将压力变为机遇。

Part Writing30 minutes15 points

DirectionsIn this partyou are to write a composition of no less than 150 words about Whether College Students Should Be Allowed to Get Married. You should write according to the outline given below. Remember to write it clearly on the Answer Sheet.

Outline

1.    Choose either of the two positionsCollege students shouldnotbe allowed to get married.

2.    State your reasons for or against the issue.

3.    Conclusion.

2005年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试试题答案与解析

Paper One试卷一(90 minutes

Part Dialogue Communication

Section A   Dialogue Completion

1.    【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】今晚和我共进晚餐怎样?我很乐意,但我必须得完成论文。

【考点类型】拒绝邀请

【考点剖析】Why dont you have dinner with me tonight?并不是表示疑问,而是对方的邀请;拒绝邀请要注意方式,应该像选项D那样委婉一些。

2.    【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】不瞒你说,恐怕我把一些咖啡溅到桌布上了。不用担心,不要紧。

【考点类型】接受道歉

【考点剖析】对方做错事表示歉意时,我们应表示宽容而非责备。

3.    【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】你似乎有很多事情要做;你总是加班。的确如此,但这些工作充满乐趣,我一点都不在乎额外多工作几个小时。

【考点类型】解释事实

【考点剖析】对于对方的疑问,解释方应礼貌地讲明原因。AB过于生硬,C则答非所问。

4.    【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】乔治,如果可以的话,我想向你介绍我的一位朋友:艾伯特·斯洛。艾伯特,这位是乔治·史密斯。很高兴见到你,乔治。

【考点类型】初次相见

【考点剖析】因为AlbertGeorge是初次见面,只有B是初次见面打招呼的常用语。A用于熟识的人之间,C显得唐突,D是别人向你打招呼后的回应。

5.    【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】对不起,我并非有意打断你……没关系。

【考点类型】接受道歉

【考点剖析】对方礼貌地表示歉意;只有B选项在英语里表示不介意。

Section B   Dialogue Comprehension

6.    【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】男士:昨天我看到约翰了。你知道吗?他开着一辆豪华轿车。女士:那是他租的。他总是假装自己是百万富翁。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】make believe“假装”。

7.    【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】女士:我简直干不下去了。这份工作太棘手了。男士:别灰心。我会一直支持你。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】lose heart“丧失勇气”;back up“支持”。男士对女士进行鼓励,并表示将支持她;所以B与他的意思相符。

8.    【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】男士:我不知道你晋升了。为什么不早点告诉我?那样我们可以庆祝一番。女士:估计是我忘了。因为工作,其他事情我不怎么关心了。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】slip ones mind“遗忘某事”。

9.    【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】男士:切维·蔡斯的电影太精彩了。女士:别那么说,阿尔,切维·蔡斯是一个伟大的戏剧演员;不过他的确不应在那部电影里出演。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】come off it“别吹牛了,住口”。

10.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】女士:戴夫,你对我的衣服没有给予过任何评价。你不喜欢它吗?男士:很抱歉之前我没有对它说上几句。我认为之前我没有看过任何一件衣服像它。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】男士认为女士的那件衣服是独一无二的,所以B是正确答案;unique“唯一的;无双的”。

Part Vocabulary

Section A

11.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】英语课在那些母语不是英语的国家的小学里应该是必修课吗?

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】required“必修的”;necessary“必要的,不可或缺的”;selected“挑选出来的,精选的”;permanent“永久的,不变的,耐久的”。用来修饰English classescompulsory的含义为“必修的”。

12.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】最后,自由市场经济学和传统经济学的相互抨击和辩护有着巨大的哲学意义。

【考点类型】对比关系

【考点剖析】traditional“传统的,惯例的,因袭的”;novel“新的,新颖的”;capital-centered“资本集中的”;consumption-centered“以消费为中心的”。根据conventional economicsfree market的比照可以推断出conventional的含义可能是“因袭的,传统的”。

13.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】求职者会被要求说明他们是如何把信息散布给学校的其他学生。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】disclose“露出,泄露(秘密等)”;deliver“投递,传达”;spread“散布,流传,传播”;analyze“分解,分析,解析”。惯用搭配disseminate information to sb表示“向某人散布或传播信息”。

14.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】总的说来,不列颠民族属于欧洲富裕国家之列;与世界上的其他国家相比,他们的生活水平较高。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】plentiful“丰富的”;powerful“有力的,强大的”;friendly“友好的,亲密的”;wealthy“财产多的,富有的”。从enjoy a high standard of living可以推断出affluent表示“富裕的、富足的”意思。

15.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】为了吸引年轻的工人,许多公司通过为老工人提供退休计划来激励他们退休和为薪水低的年轻人让路。

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】reward“报酬,酬劳,奖赏,酬金”;opportunity“机会”;motive“动机”;stimuluspl.-li)“刺激,刺激物”。offered retirement plans的目的是为了刺激老工人退休。

16. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】由于他们的携手拼搏,新址的业务一年后兴旺起来了。

【考点类型】因果关系

【考点剖析】prevail“流行,盛行”;fail“失败”;boom“激增,猛涨,兴隆”;shrink(过去时shrank)“收缩”。从their joint efforts and hard work推出 their business会兴旺(flourish)。

17. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】家人的压力导致她采用了激进的手段。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】turn to“求助于”;keep to“使局限于”;stick to“坚持”;lead to“导致,引起”。resort to“采取,诉诸,求助于”。

18. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】我永远不会忘记当他的父母听到消息后表现出来的极度痛苦的样子。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】stress“压力,压迫,紧迫,紧张”;dilemma“窘境,困境,进退两难”;misery“苦痛,疼痛”;surprise“惊奇,吃惊”。anguish是一种面部表情,可以排除dilemmastess

19. 【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】如果小争端都不解决,迟早会积聚成棘手的难题。

【考点类型】因果关系

【考点剖析】accumulate“积累,积聚”;vanish“消失,消灭”;linger“逗留,徘徊,拖延”;emerge“出现,显露”。unsettled导致的后果是问题的积聚(pile up);所以答案选A

20.   【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】警察尽力想驱散政府大楼前示威的人群,但一切都是徒劳的。

【考点类型】转折关系

【考点剖析】in vain“徒劳地,无益地”,是固定搭配;在这里表达一种转折的语义。unskillfully“不熟练地,不擅长地”;violently“猛烈地,强烈地”;ineffectively“无效地,不起作用地”;eventually“最终地”。因此正确答案是C

Section B

21.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】我十分感谢你们支持我今年夏天作为贵系的访问学者。

【考点类型】因果关系

【考点剖析】satisfaction“满足,满意,舒服”;gratitude“感谢”;pleasure“愉快,快乐”;sincerity“真挚,诚实,诚意”。既然其他人给予了自己支持,应该向他们表达谢意;所以B是正确答案。

22.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】这次同民众进行商议的目的是最终决定该地区的政治地位:是把它划为特别行政区并继续作为国土的一部分;还是把它分离出去。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】once upon a time“(用于儿童故事的开头)从前,过去”;once and again“再次”;all at once“突然,意想不到地”;once and for all“最后一次,一劳永逸地”。显然,能够修饰determine the final political status的只有once and for all

23. 【正确答案】C

【句子翻译】基于互惠原则,这两个国家将向各自的大使馆指派禁毒官员。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】fundamental“基础的,基本的,根本的,重要的”;similar“类似的”;reciprocal“相互的,互惠的”;reasonable“合理的”。这句话的语境涉及的是两国的关系,所以应选C

24.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】田纳西州大约五分之二的人口都是农村居民,因此州内没有哪个城市或城市群处于支配地位。

【考点类型】主谓语搭配

【考点剖析】dominate“支配,统治”;manage“管理,经营”;manipulate“操纵,控制”;control“管制,控制”。虽然四个选项的意思接近,但只有dominate才能与主语city搭配。

25.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】众所周知,在这种情况下需要保持头脑冷静。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】call for“把……招徕,要求”;call off“取消,撤销(活动计划)”;call on“短暂拜访,要求某人做某事”;call up“征召……入伍,回忆起”。这是与call有关的一组固定搭配。从词义上看,call offcall up不能与a cool head 搭配;call on虽然也有“要求”的意思,但它所跟的宾语必须是人,所以只有A是正确答案。

26. 【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】地震带来的破坏取决于它的大小、持续时间和震动的次数。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】altitude“海拔”;magnitude“大小,量”;multitude“许多,大量”;aptitude“天资,才能”。虽然这四个选项形近(有共同的词尾-itude,表示“……性,……状况,……程度”),但只有magnitude能修饰earthquake

27.   【正确答案】B

【句子翻译】厄尔尼诺现象对很多热带、亚热带和中纬度地区的气候和气温造成了持续的影响。

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】externally“外部地”;consistently“一贯地,始终如一地”;insistently“坚持地”;internally“内部地”。题目要求找出一个描述厄尔尼诺现象对气候和气温影响状况的状语,只有B符合要求。

28.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】出门在外的这些年里,他对母亲和家人一直怀有深深的眷恋。

【考点类型】动宾搭配

【考点剖析】enclose“(用篱、墙等)围起,圈起,包围,围绕”;hug“紧抱,拥抱,搂抱”;enrich“使富裕,使丰富”;cherish“怀有,抱有(希望等)”。四个选项中只有cherish能与feeling搭配。

29.   【正确答案】A

【句子翻译】因此,消费者的最优选择是选择那些能使他们或她们的效用最大化的产品。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】optimal“最好的,最理想的”;optional“可自由选择的,随意的,非强制的”;optical“视觉的,视力的”;optimistic“乐观的”。

30.   【正确答案】D

【句子翻译】当听说女儿在交通事故中丧生时,史密斯夫人突然失声痛哭起来。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】break in“闯入,打断”;break up“打碎,拆散”;break through“突破”;break into“突然……起来”。break into tears“突然哭起来”。

Part Reading Comprehension

Passage One

星期五,琼小姐打算带她的学生们去户外运动摘苹果。

琼小姐喜欢和他的学生们一同摘苹果,面带微笑地带着孩子们坐上了去格瑞利苹果园的公车。

路途上很是颠簸,孩子们也有一些吵闹,但琼小姐一直微笑着。

汽车在格瑞利苹果园前面停下,孩子们迅速而安静地下了车。琼小姐确定所有人都在,用她灿烂的笑声说道:“真好,晴朗的天气多适合摘苹果呀。”

格瑞利先生欢迎他们并说道:“让我来看看,18个孩子两个大人,三美元一个人,一共是60美元。”

琼小姐手里拿着小册子说道:“这上面是说每个人两美元,”她指出,“我是按这个从学生那儿收钱的。”

“我们已经提价了,”格瑞利先生说。

“你们给我寄来的小册子在我们预订之后,”琼小姐说道,“这上面说是两美元一个人。”

“琼小姐,您还是看看小册子下面,”格瑞利先生说,“你会注意到有一句很重要的话。”

很肯定,有一行很小的字,写着“价格变化恕不另行通知”。

琼小姐坚持保持自己的好心情。她从自己的钱包里掏出20美元,加上放在信封里的四十美元一起递给格瑞利先生。

“孩子们,都拿好你们的篮子了吗?”琼小姐喊道,“记住,你们可以尽情地摘苹果。”

格瑞利先生说,“你们不能随意地摘苹果。”

“对不起,”琼小姐冷冷地说,“本册子上写着:‘尽情摘吧!’”

格瑞利先生指着一行极小的字,琼小姐从没留意过。上面写着:“团体预订的期限和条件由果园决定,恕不另行通知。”

琼小姐的好心情彻底没了。她不想给学生们树立一个不好的榜样,因此她平静地说:“我们马上回家,请把钱还给我们。”

31.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】事实细节题

【解析过程】琼小姐交给格瑞利先生多少美元?

A. 20                           B. 40                           C. 60                           D. 18

短文中“She took a twenty dollars bill out of her own purse and handed it to Mr. Greenly with the forty dollars she had in an envelope.”她从自己的钱夹中掏出一张20美元的钞票,连同信封里的40美元一同递给Mr.Greenly,通过简单的加法计算可得出答案。

【考点提示】数字计算一般是运用简单的加减法,在原文或答案选项中明确提出的数字一般是不正确的。

32.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】推理判断题

【解析过程】该短语“无须另行通知”的含义是       

A 格瑞利先生可以任意更改条件                 B 顾客应该仔细阅读小册子

C 格瑞利先生可以决定摘什么苹果                     D 顾客应该事先得到通知

线索1Sure enoughin very tiny lettersit said,“Prices are subject to change without notice.

线索2:“Terms and conditions of group reservations are subject to change without notice.

文章两次提到格瑞利可以改变条款的规定,所以答案选AB选项是从A的基础之上又向外递进推了一步,原文是没有提到的。

【风险提示】推理判断题的解析基础是在原文的基础之上,从另外的一个方面对原文的某句话在进行侧面的解释。误区是在基础之上递进推理。

33.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】因果判断细节

【解析过程】学生不可能尽可能多地挑选苹果因为       

A 他们是孩子                                             B 没有足够的苹果

C 他们进行了团体预订                               D 他们会吃光太多的苹果

线索:Mr. Greenly pointed to the tiniest letters Miss Joan had ever almost seen. It also says,“Terms and conditions of group reservations are subject to change without notice.”文章提到了团体预订的限制条件是明确的原因。BD选项道理上可能说得通,但它是原文没有提到的内容,所以不正确。

【风险提示】因果判断细节题是常考的一种题型。考点多是比较明确的,在文章中寻找相关的线索词如:becauseforcause等非常关键。同时,应特别注意出题老师可能使用的混淆技巧,如因果倒置,非因非果等。

34.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】句意理解判断

【解析过程】“琼小姐的好心情成为了历史”(最后一段)含义为       

A 琼小姐直到那一时刻前一直很高兴          B 琼小姐对历史不再有兴趣

C 琼小姐教学生有关果园的历史                 D 琼小姐善于隐藏她的感情

线索1Miss Joan was determined to keep her good mood

线索2Miss Joan was not smiling now

线索3She didnt want to set a bad example for her students...

琼小姐的心情变化是有一个过程的。从最初的决定保持好的心情,到后来的不再微笑,以至于最后她不想给孩子们树立一个不好的榜样,这三点都说明她本人是越来越不高兴,所以答案应该是ABC 选项的错误是因为他们利用了对原文的信息错误的联想,history“历史”是字典的准确含义,但不是该文章的意思。

【风险提示】句意理解判断题要从文章的中心入手,紧紧扣住文章的主旨和中心思想,或段落的中心。从句子表面入手翻译所得到的含义往往是不正确的。

35.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】推理判断

【解析过程】我们从琼小姐的故事中了解到什么?

A 她没有认真阅读手册                               B 她在阅读完手册之后提出团体预订

C 最后她大发雷霆                                      D 她不知道如何去抱怨

该题是对文章整体的把握,前后两次琼小姐被骗是因为对宣传手册的小字没有关注,这是文章没有明确提出但可以直接判断出来的。选项C,错误在于对最后一段的内容“Miss Joans good mood was now history. She didnt want to set a bad example for her students...”错误理解了,是对原文信息的错误判断。BC 原文中是没有提到的。

【考点提示】在错误选项的设计中有一种是对原文信息的错误判断,也就是说原文信息的表面含义并不是作者所要表达的最终意思,需要我们细心地找出字面后的意义。

Passage Two

“文明”和“文化”这两个词非常时尚。在十九世纪,该词就被人类学家、历史学家和文学家广泛使用。这两个词经常替换使用,仿佛它们是一样的,然而并非如此。

尽管用法很现代,实际上这两个词是从古拉丁文演变而来的。“文明”一词来源于拉丁文的civis,即“城市”的意思。因此,“文明”一词的最基本含义是指,人们在城市或在社会群体能够和谐聚居。从这一定义看来,一些昆虫,例如蜜蜂和蚂蚁,都是文明的。它们以团体的形式生活和工作。一些微生物也是这样。然而文明并不仅仅如此,这就牵涉到文化所赋予它的某些东西。因此,文明和文化是不可分割的。

“文化”来源于拉丁文的colere,“耕种土地”。然而colere一词有很广泛的意思。colere可能和civis一样,也指定居在城镇或村庄。但它的含义主要是指开始和促进成长或发展的过程。一个人可以培育花园,可以培养兴趣,开发智力,提升能力。现在,“文化”一词包括所有人类获得的积极的方面和成就,这正是人类有别于动物的地方。文化来自于创造性,而它又是人类所特有的特征。

文明和文化一个基本而且最显著的特征是工具的出现。更重要的是,工具能通过人类的创造力不断发展。最初出现的轮子通过上千年的时间进化,成为今天最新式、最先进的汽车轮子。

正是由于人类是工具的制造者和改进者,才使我们有别于动物。猴子可能会用棍子从树上打香蕉,然而,仅凭他们的智慧,他们是无法把棍子改造成钩子或梯子的。猴子没有自己的语言,不能写书、作曲、建造房子或是画图。鸟儿能建巢,海狸能筑穴,人类也能住在洞穴里,但只有人类才智、想象力和创造力才能让人类走出洞穴,住进高楼大厦。

36. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】作者对文化和文明关系的认识?

A 它们是相同的                                                B 它们是不同的概念

C 它们经常被相互交换使用                        D 它们被不同的人赋予不同的含义

线索:“as though they mean the same thingbut they are not the same.”好像是含义相同但实际上是不同的含义。原文表达得很清楚。重点是放在主句的位置而不是让步状语从句。选项AC在原文的首段都提到了,但都不是作者所认为的那个观点,所以同学们在做题的时候一定要读清楚题干。D选项是非常概括化的选项,太空泛了。

【考点提示】错误选项的设计是非常困难的,所以有时万般无耐的情况下,出题老师会设计一些看似对的选项,就是含义很宽泛,任何情况下都可以使用的选项。

37. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】根据作者的观点单词“文明”最初指的是       

A 人们在城市的生活方式                                  B 人们共同生活在城市的能力

C.一种社会组织形式                                    D 一种高级的社会生活

线索:“Thus civilizationin its most essential meaningis the ability of people to live together harmoniously in citiesin social groupings.”表达得很清楚,文明是人们一起群居的生活能力。选项D表面是符合常识,但实际上是文章没有提到的内容,所以是错误的。

【考点提示】细节判断的做题过程多是认真审题,从题干中获得最多的有效信息或关键词,然后返回原文,根据信息词出现的位置,把四个选项和原文的内容对比,选择最接近的那个选项,一般就是正确答案。

38.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】拉丁文中动词colere最初含义是“        ”。

A 生活在一个城市   B 自己发展                     C 促进成长                     D 耕种土地

线索:“The word culture is derived from the Latin verb coleretill the soil.till的含义是“耕种”,所以D是正确选项,这个含义从soil的“土地”含义也是可以判断出来的。而CB选项的含义是在最初含义“耕种”的基础之上后来引申的含义,所以不是它的拉丁文最初的含义。

【考点提示】原文中出现的信息不一定是正确的答案,原因是和题干没有直接的关系或是所问非所答的错误。同时,文章中如果出现某一个专业化的单词,那么它很有可能就是个考点。

39. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】作者相信创造性       

A 是文明人独一无二的特征                        B 促进了工具的发展

C 是人类发展的结果                                          D 推动文化的前进

线索:“But more important than their simple existence is that the tools are always being improved and enlarged upona result of creativity.”表明正确答案是B。选项A不正确的原因是和原文的信息“Culture has grown out of creativitya characteristic that seems to be unique to human beings.”不一致,原文是人类,而选项是文明生物,概念扩大了。D选项符合常识的判断,但在该文中它是没有提到的内容。

【考点提示】错误选项有时就是一个单词的变化,尤其是在答案的后半段,所以大家应该特别的注意,如该题的选项A和原文就是在最后的一个单词不符合,所以答案是错的。

40. 【正确答案】D

【考点类型】举例作用

【解析过程】作者在文章的最后一段提到猴子为了是证明       

A 猴子和鸟是相同的

B 人类曾经和猴子一样生活在洞穴中

C 猴子是永远也不会进化成为人类的

D 人类是和其他动物如猴子完全不同的

线索:“It is the concept of humans as toolmakers and improvers that differentiates them from other animals.”表明作者举该例子的目的就是说明此观点。A选项肯定是错误的,文章根本就不是讨论猴子和鸟关系的文章。C选项太过绝对化了,而且文章也没有提到。B选项原文提到了,但不是该例子的目的。

【考点提示】举例作用题是常考的一种题型。考点在于该例子一般比较难读,但例子的目的是比较能够明确体会出来的,一般是在段落的首句,或文章所隐含的一个中心。

Passage Three

生态旅游产业的迅速发展正在受到环保者越来越多的关注,因为有更多的证据表明,很多野生动物与人类的沟通并不理想。根据 《新科学家》 的一篇研究报道,和游客们过多地接触会导致一些物种,比如北极熊、海豚和大猩猩的紧张、反常行为和负面健康状况。

尽管规范的生态旅游能起到作用,促使人们保护濒临灭绝的物种和它的生活环境,但很多项目缺乏适当的计划和管理,据说“很多生态旅游项目是未经审批、许可的,仅仅暗示它们是基于环境保护友好政策。”

生态旅游每年以10%30%速度上升,而且估计每年有20%的游客会参观生态保护区。新西兰奥塔哥大学的菲利普·希顿说,尽管大部分旅游项目遵照基本的土地利用规则并避免干扰野生动物,但它们的总体影响却被忽视掉了。

“疾病的传播,干扰野生动物日常生活,增加紧张情绪,这些导致野生动物健康状况发生微妙改变,使得野生动物的生存几率和生育能力降低,”他说道。奥克兰大学的研究表明,游船的数量会导致海豚的情绪不稳和焦躁不安。当附近有三艘或更多游船时,他们只有0.5%的休息时间,如只有一艘小船时,它们能获得68%的休息时间。英国的海顿研究也证实了这一发现。加拿大马尼托巴大学的研究发现,游客的交通工具容易干扰雄性北极熊的生活,从而影响到它们的心跳和新陈代谢,降低它们体重和适应能力,最终导致存活力降低。

在非洲,大猩猩的身上已经出现了寄生虫,而这些寄生虫是被游客带到其栖息地的,蠓已经患上了人类传染的肺病。专家指出,解决这些问题的方法只能是更好地对生态旅游规范和管理。加拉帕哥斯群岛就是一个很好的典型,在那里游客的数量得到严格控制。

41.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】主旨判断

【解析过程】生态旅游目的是       

A 使游客们保护野生动物                                  B 使野生动物更好地和人类沟通

C 使野生动物减少压力和非正常行为          D 使环保者们更加关注野生动物

线索:“While regulated ecotourism can help conservation efforts by encouraging people to manage endangered species and their habitats,”表明答案A是正确选项。BC选项在原文的第一段提到了,但它们都是目前生态旅游出现的问题,而不是生态旅游的目的,该错误是对原文信息的错误联想。

【考点提示】很多错误选项都是原文中明确提到的,但和题干却没有任何直接的关系,错误连接这一点是出题老师惯用的技巧,所以同学们应该在做题的时候特别关注这一点。

42.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】根据 《新科学家》 杂志,许多生态旅游项目是       

A 确实鼓励人们去保护野生动物和它的栖息地

B 严格履行环保友善的政策

C 事实上缺乏适当的审查和官方批准

D 确实严重损坏了濒危野生物种的栖息地

线索:“While regulated ecotourism can help conservation efforts by encouraging people to manage endangered species and their habitatsmany projects are poorly designed and unregulatedit says.”表明选项C为正确答案。选项B和原文“Many ecotourism projects are unauditedunauthorized and merely hint they are based on environmentally friendly policies and operations.”并不一致,是对原文内容的扩大和绝对化表达。

【考点提示】细节题的关键是认真看懂题干中的关键词,然后依据该线索回原文定位,寻找最合适的选项。

43.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】综合推断理解

【解析过程】如果目前的生态旅游继续进行的话,最终会给野生动物带来什么?

A 会打扰它们的生活                                         B 会影响它们的健康

C 会增加它们的压力                                          D 会威胁它们的生存

文章从第4段开始,列举了几个例子,都说到目前的生态旅游会在各个方面影响野生动物的生活,所以正确答案应该是一个比较具有概括的选项。答案D

【考点提示】ABCD选项之间其实是有一定的逻辑关系,有的时候,考生如果能够准确地利用四个选项之间的逻辑关系如:包含关系,正反关系等,会很快地排除错误选项。本题的选项D应该讲包含了ABC三个选项。它的含义更加概括。

44.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】根据文章,全球生态旅游业的增长       

A 反映了人们对于环保的关注

B 引起了人们对于环保的关注

C 和人们对于环保关注同时发生

D 来自一个人们对于环保的更大的关注

线索:“The huge growth of globalecotourismindustry is becoming an increasing concern for conservationists with mounting evidence that many wild species do not respond well to contact with human beings.”全球生态旅游业的快速发展正成为一个受到环保主义者关注的问题……,所以,生态旅游的增长应该是原因,而环保主义者关注应该是结果。而选项A把原因和结果颠倒了。

【考点提示】文章的首段和各分段的首句一般都是比较重要的内容,或是段落中心或是文章的中心,所以,建议同学们在读文章的时候一定要把首句读懂,宁可多花一些时间也要保证明白文章的中心。

45.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】归纳推理

【解析过程】根据文章,对于生态旅游目前问题的解决办法是       

A 鼓励人们去管理照顾濒危物种                 B 减少野生动物和人类的接触

C 帮助野生动物增加它们的适应性                     D 防止野生动物传染上人类的疾病

线索:“Experts said that the answer to the problems was better regulation and supervision of ecotourism. The Galapagos Islandswhere visitor numbers are strictly controlledis a good model.”表明解决目前问题的办法是加强这方面的管理和监督,从而可以减少人类和野生动物的接触。

【考点提示】文章的类型属于问题解决型的文章,首先文章提出一个社会或自然界的问题,然后分析问题产生的原因,并给出解决该问题的办法。这类文章的考点比较固定,一般在问题、原因和最后的解决办法。

Passage Four

尽管计算机能够打败围棋冠军加里·卡斯帕洛夫,计算出在一次核爆炸中的原子数,几秒钟得出复杂的计算结果,但它们还是在语言翻译的细微区别上无能为力。人工智能的计算机有着巨大的存储能力,能存储庞大的翻译字典和广阔的语法规则。然而,现今最好的计算机语言翻译器都只能达到60%的正确率。科学家们至今还无法编辑出具有和人类相当逻辑推理能力的计算机。

计算机语言翻译器又被称为“翻译机器”,或MT。尽管还不很完善,翻译机器还是相当令人惊讶。它是用来处理枯燥的技术性语言,人们通常认为这过于乏味。计算机能翻译基本的短语,比如“你的脚骨和你的踝关节相连,你的踝关节和你的腿相连”。它们还能翻译更复杂点的短语,比如“那个巫师到底是谁?”计算机还能准确地把“大自然,你使我的心高歌”翻译成其他语言,因为它们只能理解单个的词语,只要将这些词语预先在程序里设定。

但涉及敏感话题的翻译,诸如重要的外交语言,往往超出计算机翻译程序的范围。人类翻译靠的是直觉而不是逻辑,来将词汇和短语处理成其他语言。人脑能准确地翻译“钢笔在猪圈里”,因为大部分人知道这实际上是指书写工具困于狭窄的空间。而很多时候,计算机不能决定相同的词语在同一句子里如何被使用。

除了使用强大的语法规则翻译机器之外,程序师还同时教计算机如何去通过翻译的经验自己独立思考。即使基于这些努力,程序师承认有思考能力的计算机恐怕将永远不会被发明创造。

46. 【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】今天计算机可以能够       

A. 打败世界上最好的象棋选手                       B. 区分语言间的细微差别

C. 翻译60%的疑难的文章                              D. 从事类似人类的常识推理

线索:“Computers can beat chess champion Gary Kasparov at his game,”表明选项A是正确答案。B选项和原文“but they still fail at the slight differences in language translation.”截然相反。C选项相同,和原文内容“Scientists are still unable to program the computer with human-like common sense reasoning power.”相反。

【考点提示】文章的各段首句一般都有可能成为考试重点,比如同义词替换或正话反说等都是出题老师有可能设计答案的方式。

47.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】根据文章,下面哪句话是错误的?

A. 计算机能够翻译枯燥难解的短语

B. 计算机能够理解敏感的语言

C. 计算机能够翻译技术用语

D. 计算机能够理解预先在程序中设定的词汇

线索:“But highly sensitive types of translatingsuch as important diplomatic conversationsare beyond the scope of computer translating programs.”表达得很清楚,目前计算机是无法完成处理如外交词汇这类比较敏感的术语。选项ACD在文章的第2段都明确地给出了它们的出处。

【考点提示】三对一错这类细节判断题是比较难的一种题型,对于这种题型,同学们首先要明确考试的内容有可能出现的地方,一般是可以根据题号判断,如第2题有可能在2/3段出现。其次,也可以根据文章中的一些线索词判断,如表示转折的词,表示因果关系的词,表示总结或绝对化表达的词等。

48.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】计算机翻译程序的主要问题是计算机       

A. 不能翻译不符合逻辑的语言                       B. 没有大量的记忆能力

C. 不能够理解语法规则                                  D. 没有处理语言的直觉

线索:文章第3段的后部“Many timescomputers do not have the ability to determine in which way two identical words in one sentence are to be used.”表明计算机没有用直觉来处理语言的能力。选项B肯定是错误的,原因是它首先就和我们的常识不符合,同时和文章第1段的内容“Artificial Intelligence computers have large amounts of memory”也相反。D选项是偷换概念,原文根本就没有提到计算机有没有直觉和处理语言直接有何关系。

【考点提示】有些混淆选项特别容易判断出来,原因是这些选项的设计比较有规律可以遵循,如选项B,它很明显和我们的常识就不符合,计算机的存储能力应该是不成问题的。

49. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】为了提高计算机翻译的能力,程序设计人员正在试图       

A. 使用强大的语法规则翻译计算机                B. 教计算机用实践经验去思考

C. 让计算机汇编翻译词典                              D. 在计算机的程序中加入单词解释

线索:“In addition to using massive rule-programmed machinescomputer programmers are also trying to teach computers to learn how to think for themselves through theexperienceof translating.”表明选项B是正确答案。In addition to表示除了的含义,重点应该放在它的后面主句,所以A不正确。

【考点提示】文章中常会出现一些表示逻辑关系的连接词,比如转折关系,递进关系,因果关系,对比关系等,这些连接词需要同学们自己多总结,有很强的敏感度,在考试的时候,一看到这类词汇,就能马上知道这是考点。

50. 【正确答案】B

【考点类型】主旨推断

【解析过程】文章暗示:       

A. 机器翻译的准确率不可能提高                   B. 计算机不可能像人类一样去思考

C. 仅仅技术语言是适合计算机翻译                D. 确定含义相同的词汇是不可能的

线索:文章最后一段指出“ Even with these effortsprogrammers admit that athinkingcomputer might not ever be invented in the future.”表明选项B是正确答案。这里,同学们要注意的是作者用的情态动词might not ever be表示很不可能发生。C选项中only表示绝对化的含义,一般是不正确的答案。

【考点提示】选项中如果出现表示绝对化的词如:onlyfirstmostleastbest 等信息一般都是不正确的答案,这一点是和出题老师设计试题一定要坚持严谨的原则有关。

Passage Five

几年前互联网事业蓬勃发展的时候,曼哈顿律师肯尼迪经常穿着他的黑西装会见他的网络客户。但他发现他的保守装束使他在与人家握手之前就已经显得格格不入了。因此他开始着休闲装办公,穿不系纽扣可以露出衬衣的外套。

但是现在形势变了。硅谷的领导者开始穿着西装进出。怪不得 《财富》 500强的执行官们开始把他们的丝绸领带和短裤束之高阁了,“我敢说我现在又开始倾向于穿正装了,”肯尼迪说,“我发现我穿西装的时间越来越多了。”

尽管现在着正装的趋势还不是十分明显,制衣商和执政官们称工作场所的着装已经在朝这个趋势转化了。在许多办公室里,男演员比一年前更倾向于穿夹克,打领带,穿短裤上班。高层女执行官从没有像男人一样穿休闲装上过班,因为她们的着装风格没有受到什么影响。

着休闲装上班这股风花了几年才刮起来。最开始只是周末休闲日,后来发展成为夏日休闲,最后竟成为天天穿休闲装。据观察员说,人们要重新穿回正装看起来还需要一段时间。雷曼兄弟公司是少数规定上班需着正装的公司,他们规定至少在有客户来访的时候要着正装。男员工必须着西装打领带,女员工要穿西装或长裙。这一转变是出于工作环境的考虑,而且,随着公司规模的扩大,员工们会接触到越来越多的客户。

美国总统布什在白宫办公时穿上西装打上领带,并希望他的职员着正装来上班,有人说这为全民的着装风尚奠定了一个基调。

Chuck Warden 是一个招聘公司的主管,相信大多数员工更喜欢正式的工作服:“他们是来工作的,他们不想觉得好像是野餐。”

51.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】几年前“商务便装”开始流行是因为       

A 曼哈顿的律师业务发展很快                           B 与客户握手成为一种时尚

C 国家都在反对保守                                          D 网络公司数量激增

线索:“Several years ago during the dot-com passion”,画线词意思是互联网热,表明选项D为正确答案。选项ABC为混淆选项,在文中只涉及个别词,在这里一定要读懂文章。

【考点提示】准确定位关键词,排除与题有关的其他容易混淆的选项。

52       【正确答案】D

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】商务便装流行的时候,       

A 男人只在办公场所戴领带                        B 男人根本就不系领带

C 女人在办公场所不穿正装                        D 不管在哪,女人还是穿得很正式

线索:“Top women executives never went as casual as menso the shift doesnt affect them as dramatically.”表明正确答案为D。根据第2段可判断出ABC不正确,直接排除。

【考点提示】首先看好选项,再找到与之有关的段落或句子,正确选项可能就在段落中。

53       【正确答案】C

【考点类型】推理判断

【解析过程】500强的CEO       

A 带动了便装潮流                                      B 对他们的穿着特别在意

C 开始更频繁地穿套装                               D 通常不在意流行趋势

线索:No wonder that Fortune 500 executives are dusting off their silk ties and pants.“I would say there is a trend now toward a little more business dress,”said Kennedy.“I find myself wearing suits more.”画单线句子意为“把丝绸领带和短裤束之高阁”,与画双线的句子结合理解可推断出他们开始更频繁地穿套装,至于ABD文中并没有给出足够的信息可推理。

【考点提示】对于这种题目,考生不可读完只凭主观去判断,一定要有足够的支持性信息,从而得出正确结论。

54       【正确答案】B

【考点类型】细节判断

【解析过程】在商务便装开始流行时,人们都在什么时间穿便装?

A 会见客户的时候                                      B 在周末

C 在夏天                                                    D 几乎每天

线索:“It started with casual Fridaysevolved to casual summersthen became casual everyday.”表明正确答案为BCD只是流行之后的时间,而不是最开始的时间。

【考点提示】仔细审好题目,准确定位关键词。

55       【正确答案】C

【考点类型】综合推理

【解析过程】文中暗示商务装从休闲到正式反映了       

A 人们在时尚方面的品味变化                           B 时尚工业的起伏

C 互联网的起伏                                                 D 人们在商务穿着上的不同爱好

线索:第1段中提到“Several years ago during the dot-com passion ... So he began to do business in casualopen-shirt clothes.”在互联网繁荣时期,人们的穿着由正式变为休闲,而在第5段中又说“But with the collapse of many dot-comsthe relaxed look is becoming a style to avoid.”随着互联网的衰退,人们又开始回避这种休闲的穿法,改回正式。因此答案为C

【考点提示】通读全文,正确理解作者的意图,找到文中暗含的线索。在此正确理解和读懂文章是十分重要的。

Part Cloze

历史上,美国的结婚比率比其他工业化国家都要高。目前,美国每年结婚   56   ——每1000人中大约有9对新人——比其他工业化国家   57   高。然而,结婚   58   像几十年前那样普遍。   59   已经结婚的美国成年人从1970年的72%   60   2002年的60%。这并不意味着   61   他们的一生中很多人会保持单身。纵观整个20世纪,大约90%的美国人在他们的一生中的某个   62   会结婚。专家   63   ,现在同样比例的年轻人最终会结婚。

在过去的一个世纪中,结婚时间的选择   64   变化。1995年,美国妇女首次结婚的平均年龄是25岁;男性的大约是27岁。与20世纪50年代相比,他们首次结婚的时间平均晚了5年。   65   20世纪50年代的年轻人比美国历史上任何以前的   66   结婚都早。现在晚婚的年龄和1890年到1940年间的   67   。除此以外,20世纪50年代与在

   68   之前的任何时期相比,都有更大比例(95%)的人结婚。专家对为什么20世纪四五十年代出现的“结婚热”莫衷一是;但大多数社会学家都认为,这是对15年严重的经济   69   和战后回归平静生活和恢复繁荣的一种   70  

56.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】rate“比率,率”;ratio“比值,比例”;percentage“百分比,百分数”;poll“投票,投票数”。本文开篇第一句讨论在历史上美国和其他工业国家结婚比率的比较;第二句讨论的则是当前二者结婚比率的比较。因此是rate的原词复现。

57.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义衔接

【考点剖析】potentially“可能地,潜在地”;intentionally“有意识地,故意地”;randomly“胡乱地,随意地”;substantially“实质上,大体上”。根据第56题的分析,这一句是要强调当前美国的结婚比率仍然比其他工业国家高;所以应选择表示肯定语气的副词,D是正确答案。

58.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】not any ... longer“不再”;no more“也不,也没有”;no longer“不再”。首先选项AD的形式都是错误的,排除;其次,第三句中的However提示我们应选择表示否定意义的副词,因此只有C是正确答案。

59.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】proportion“比,比率,比例”;number“数,数字”。与第四句中的percent(“百分比,百分数”)相对应的应是proportion而非number;此外,a proportion of 是一种错误的表达,所以只能选B

60.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】decline“下降,跌落”;deteriorate“弄坏,使恶化”;deduce“推论,推断,演绎”;demolish“拆毁(建筑物等),毁坏,破坏(组织等),推翻(计划、制度等)”。第四句中的“from 72 percent in 1970 to 60 percent in 2002”告诉我们结婚比率从1972年到2002年下降了12个百分点,只有decline才有“下降”的含义。

61.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】惯用搭配(介词)

【考点剖析】past“过去的”;passing“现在的,短暂的,合乎标准的”;throughout“从头到尾,自始至终”;through“贯穿,经由”。throughout ones life (“毕生,整个一生中”)是一个固定搭配。

62.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】period“时期,阶段”;level“水平,水位,等级”;point“点,要点”;respect“着眼点,方面”。这一句中的in their lives提示我们作者多要表达含义是“生命中的某一特定时刻”,所以选择point(选项C)。

63.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】project“设想”;plan“计划,设计”;promise“允诺,答应”;propose“提议,建议”。句中的willeventually等暗示这一句是专家对未来的一个预测;虽然project的“设想”这一含义不常见,但根据排除法依然可以选出正确答案。

64.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】unexpectedly“出乎意料地,突然地”;irregularly“不规则地,无规律地”;flexibly“柔韧地,灵活地”;consistently“一致地,一贯地”。Over the past century 表示“过去的一个世纪”,所填词修饰vary,根据后面的句子,可知应该选B

65.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】转折关系

【考点剖析】Besides“除此以外,还有……”;However“然而”;Whereas“却,反过来”;Nevertheless“不过,然而”。上一句指出美国人首次结婚的年龄比50年代晚五年;这一句指出50年代年轻人的结婚年龄比其他之前的各代人都小,前后是转折关系。只有 However 后面可以加逗号,其他则不可以,因而选B

66.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】语义场共现

【考点剖析】descendant“子孙,后代”;ascendants“祖先”;population“人口”;generation“代”。句中的主语是20世纪50年代的年轻人;与之相应的也应是之前的各代人,所以D是正确答案。

67.   【正确答案】B

【考点类型】逻辑关系(并列)

【考点剖析】according to“据……,依据”;in line with“和……一致,符合”;based on“以……为根据”;caused by“由……所导致”。句中的todays later age of marriagethe age of marriage between 1890 and 1940是并列关系而非因果关系;排出ACD

68.   【正确答案】A

【考点类型】固定搭配

【考点剖析】before and after“之前和之后”;before or after 用于否定句中;ever since“从那时起,此后一直”不能和before搭配。

69.   【正确答案】C

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】refusal“拒绝,谢绝”;realization“(理想等的)实现”;response“回答,答复”;reality“(哲学)现实,实在”。能与to搭配的只有refusalresponse;前者一般用于回绝他人的请求或建议,显然与语境不符。

70.   【正确答案】D

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】repression“镇压,抑制”;aggression“攻击,侵犯”;restriction“限制,限定,束缚”;depression“萧条”。economic depression是惯用搭配,表示“经济萧条”。

Part Error Detection

71. 【正确答案】D,改为“invite”。

【句子翻译】当新婚夫妇邀请客人们参加婚礼时,客人们应该携带礼物;这是一个公认的习俗。

【考点类型】时态

【考点剖析】在when所引导的时间状语从句中,时态应该保持一致,所以invited要改为invite

【考点扩展】在whenbeforeafteruntil等引导的时间状语从句中,前后时态应该保持一致,如:When he came inI was listening to the radio. 他进来的时候,我正在听收音机。这个句子中,主从句都采用的是与过去相关的时态。

72. 【正确答案】D,去掉“again”。

【句子翻译】一些国外的学生用盒式录音机把讲课的内容录下来,然后制成录音带;这样他们能够把讲义重复播放。

【考点类型】语义重复

【考点剖析】repeat本身就含有“再说,再做,重播”的意思,加上again造成了语义重复。

73.   【正确答案】A,改为“Despite 或“In spite of”。

【句子翻译】尽管大陆军在战争年代刻苦努力地提高国内产量;但他们武器装备甚至服装还是不得不主要依赖于战利品和进口。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】despite of + n. 是一种错误的表达方式;应改为despite in spite of,含义为“尽管,任凭”。如果despite + n. 这一结构太长,可以放在句子开头,构成让步状语。比如:He came to the meeting despiteor in spite ofhis illness. 虽然他病了,但还是来参加会议了。

74. 【正确答案】B,改为“when”。

【句子翻译】从某种意义上说,农民在农业发展起步时就开始了基因工程,那时他们从长势最好的作物中获取并保留种子,逐渐提高后代作物的质量。

【考点类型】定语从句关联词

【考点剖析】at the dawn of agriculture表示的是时间,应该使用when作为定语从句关联词。

【考点扩展】when作为关系副词

when在从句中用作时间状语,其先行词必须是表示时间的名词。比如:We will put off the picnic until next weekwhen the weather may be better. 我们打算把野餐时间推迟到下周,那时天气可能好转(关系副词when的先行词是next week)。注意,sincebeforeafter有时也可以作为表示时间的关系副词。比如:On the day before I left home there came a snowstorm. 在我们离家的前一天下了一场暴风雪。

75. 【正确答案】C,“find”改为“finding”。

【句子翻译】修满了计算机科学与技术课程的学生有望在广阔的领域内找到工作。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】look forward to + n. / v-ing“期望,等待”,所以find应改为finding

【考点扩展】look forward to的用法

比如:I look forward to receiving your reply as soon as possible. 我希望尽快得到你的回复。又比如:Im really looking forward to your party. 我真的很希望参加你的聚会。

76. 【正确答案】A,“listen”改为“listen to”。

【句子翻译】有关部门应该听取并接受关于妇女权益保护的批评和合理建议。

【考点类型】惯用搭配

【考点剖析】listen to + n. 表示“听,听从”。比如:We sat listening to music on the radio. 我们坐在那儿听广播。

77. 【正确答案】D,“coordinate”改为“coordination”。

【句子翻译】通过高能望远镜的性能、计算机模拟和科学家之间合作的改善,天文学家极大地提高了他们的观测能力。

【考点类型】介词 + n.

【考点剖析】through是一个介词,表示“贯穿,经由”,后面应接名词。

【考点扩展】介词用法简介

介词又叫前置词,一般置于名词之前。它是一种虚词,一般不重读,在句中不单独作任何句子成分,只表示其后的名词或相当于名词的词语与其他句子成分的关系。介词后面的名词或相当于名词的词语叫介词宾语。可作介词宾语的词语通常有名词或名词性从句、代词、动名词(短语)、不定式(仅限于butexcept)、数词、形容词、副词。介词和介词宾语构成的介词短语可以在句中作为主语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补语。比如:They will give you some idea of what relativity mean. 他们会给你一些关于相对论意义的概念(介词 + 名词性从句作定语)。I can do nothing for them except to send them money. 我除了给他们寄钱以外,也不能帮他们什么。Lombard dropped to his knees and peered through the keyhole.隆巴德跪在地上,从锁孔往里窥视(介词短语作状语)。As a scientisthe was dedicated to the truth. 作为一个科学家,他献身于追求真理(主语补语)。

78.   【正确答案】C,“are businesses”改为“businesses are”。

【句子翻译】整个商业界对商业是否真正会带来工作场所中的平等存在争议。

【考点类型】语气

【考点剖析】whether引导的宾语从句应采用陈述语气。

【考点扩展】从句的语气

从句一般采取陈述语气。比如:whether引导的主语从句:It was uncertain whether she would recover. 她能否康复是不确定的。

79. 【正确答案】B,“harm”改为“harmful”。

【句子翻译】颇具讽刺意味的是,尽管演员詹姆斯·迪安1955年做过一个告诫青少年超速驾驶危害重大的广告,但他自己就是死于超速驾驶。

【考点类型】修饰限定

【考点剖析】how是一个副词,应修饰形容词harmful而非名词harmhow作为程度副词;比如:How nice of you!你太好了!

80.   【正确答案】C,“know”改为“knows”。

【句子翻译】一直在帮助我们的这两个孩子并不了解这一特殊项目的重要性。

【考点类型】主谓一致

【考点剖析】Neither表示“两者都不”,后面应跟第三人称单数。比如:Neither of the roads is very good.

【考点扩展】neither的用法

neither后面跟单数动词的肯定式。它可以单独使用,后面也可跟名词或of + the / these / those所有格代词或人称代词。比如:I tried both of keysbut neitherof themworked. 两把钥匙我都试了,但(两把)都不能用。neither...nor + 肯定动词是把两个否定说法结合在一起的强调方式。比如:Neither threats nor arguments had any effect on him.无论是威胁还是讲道理对他都不起作用。

Paper Two试卷二(60 minutes

Part Translation

Section A

1.    Progress in communication and transport technologies during the 20th century has enabled us to overcome geographical boundaries and revolutionize our way of living.

【结构分析】这是一个简单句,主语是progressin communication and transport technologies during the 20th century 是修饰主语progress的。谓语为has enabled,宾语是us,宾语后接两个并列的不定式结构作为宾语us的补足语,整个句子的主干为sth. has enabled us to do sth..

【词义推敲】transport v.&n. 运输,运送 transportation

overcome v. 克服   同义词:surmountbreak throughget over

geographical boundaries 地理界限;geographical location地理位置

revolutionize v. 使(某事物)发生根本的或巨大的改变

【参考译文】20世纪通信和运输技术的发展使我们得以克服地理界限,也极大地改变了我们的生活方式。

2.    The world is now linked to such an extent that a local happening cannot take place without impacting on the international community.

【结构分析】这是一个结果状语从句,由such...that来引导,that后面是说明结果的。

【词义推敲】extent n. 范围,面积,长度;to some extent在某种程度上

happening n.usu. pl.)发生的事,事情,事件

impact n. 影响,碰撞

【参考译文】世界被联系得如此紧密,所以一个地方发生的事不可能不对国际社会产生影响。

3.    Globalization is not just about increasing the worldwide circulation of information and ideas.

【结构分析】这是一个简单句,主语是globalization,谓语是is,介词about引导的短语为宾语。

【词义推敲】globalization n. 全球化;global全球的

worldwide adj. 遍及世界的,影响世界的;e. gworldwide economic trends 全世界的经济趋势

circulation n. 血液循环,流传,传播

【参考译文】全球化并非只是增加世界范围内信息和思想的传播。

4.    Economically speakingit entails transnational investment and international tradethereby integrating all countries into a single giant world market.

【结构分析】别看这个句子这么长,其实它是一个简单句,it是形式主语,就是前面提到的globalizationThereby引导integrating all countries into a single giant world market是做状语,表目的。

【词义推敲】Economically speaking 从经济角度上讲;frankly speaking 坦白讲;generally speaking 总体而言

transnational adj. 跨国的,跨国经营的;e.g. transnational corporations 跨国公司

【参考译文】从经济角度上讲,它还涉及跨国投资和国际贸易,从而把世界各国纳入一个巨大的世界市场。

5.    In terms of cultureglobalization itself is neither positive nor negativeit may be either of them depending on our viewpoint.

【结构分析】这是一个并列句,由并列连词neither...nor...连接。冒号后面起说明的作用。

【词义推敲】positive adj. 正极的,乐观的;e.g. positive attitude

negative adj. 负极的,消极的

viewpoint n. 观点(相当于opinion

【参考译文】从文化角度来讲,全球化本身谈不上积极或消极,可能是积极的,也可能是消极的,就看我们怎么去看待它。

Section B

随着我国社会经济的迅猛发展、人们生活水平的提高和医疗卫生事业的改善,我国老年人口明显增多。不少人对此忧心忡忡,但有识之士指出,我们不仅要看到人口老龄化所带来的巨大压力,也要看到人口老龄化背后所蕴涵的商机以及老年人丰富的智力、经验等资源,要将压力变为机遇。

1.    随着我国社会经济的迅猛发展、人们生活水平的提高和医疗卫生事业的改善,我国老年人口明显增多。

【结构分析】这个中文句子的主干是我国老年人口明显增多,前面随着引导的是表示一个状态或者说原因的状语,由于这些原因,导致了老年人口增多。所以“随着……”可以译为以with引导的做状语,表伴随状态。

【词义推敲】living standardsstandard of living生活水平

enhanceimproveincrease提高

old peoplethe agedthe elder老年人口

【参考译文】With the rapid development of social economythe improvement of peoples living standards and health undertakingsthe population of aged people in China has obviously increased.

2.    不少人对此忧心忡忡,但有识之士指出,我们不仅要看到人口老龄化所带来的巨大压力,也要看到人口老龄化背后所蕴涵的商机以及老年人丰富的智力、经验等资源,要将压力变为机遇。

【结构分析】这是一个非常长的句子,乍看起来不知如何下手为好,其实弄清它的结构也就简单了。首先是不少人,怎样呢,忧心忡忡,紧跟着一转折“但”有识之士认为,我们不仅要看到什么,还要看到什么,所以应该怎么去做,翻译时我们可以用并列连词not only...but also...来连接。

【词义推敲】anxiety-riddenworriedheavy-hearted忧心忡忡

a man of insight有识之士

aging老龄化

【参考译文】Many people are worried about thisbut the insightful people hold that we should not only see the tremendous pressure brought about by aging populationbut also see the potential business opportunities and the rich intellectualexperience as well as other resources of the elder people. We should turn the pressure into opportunities.

Part Writing

参考范文:

There is much discussion nowadays as to whether or not College students should be allowed to get married. Some people think it is humanistic to allow college students to get marriedwhile there are some others who believe that it may make a far-reaching negative impact upon the students study. Were it left for me to decide whether college students should be allowed to get married or notI would not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.

       There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of allacademic studying is what the college life should focus on. The whole point of marriage is that it imposes clear obligationsnot just the right to pursue your own happinessbut to provide both emotional and practical care for each otherwhich surely wastes a lot of time.

       More importantlymost college students are relying on their parents financial support to continue their study. Surelytheir parents hope they can concentrate on study instead of love affairs.

       Most important of alla great majority of college students are still youngthat isthey have not yet developed a sound opinion as to the true implication of love and marriagetherebymost of their marriages may end up in divorce.

       From what we discussed abovewe can safely come to the conclusion that it is unwise to allow college students to get married. Because it wasted too much timemoney and energywhich greatly influences their studies and both physical and mental welfare. And the rules and regulations should be made by both the college and the governments to be manifest to all college students that college students are forbidden to get married.

 

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