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   学苑教育 > 同等学力 > 备考资料 > 英语 > 正文
同等学力申硕英语词汇400题及解析(1)
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2018-4-19 10:46:11  点击数:

1. Motorists _____ of speeding may be banned from driving for a year.

   A. convicted    B. arrested    C. charged    D. judged

  [答案] A. convicted. [注释]be convicted to 被判有...... (罪) :He was convicted of murder. (他被法院判有谋杀罪。)

 

2. The reason why he adapted to the new situations quickly is that he has a _____ attitude.

   A. changeable    B. alternate    C. movable    D. flexible

  [答案] D. flexible.   [注释] flexible 灵活的, 可变通的; We need a foreign policy that is more flexible.

 

3. Will all those _____ the proposal raise their hands?

   A. in relation to    B. in excess of

   C. in contrast to    D. in favor of

  [答案] D. in favor of. [注释] in favor of 赞成。in excess of 超过。in relation to 关系到。in contrast to 与......相对照。例如:

1) Everyone in the class voted in favor of the party. (=All of the children voted to have a party.)

2) We got $5000 in excess of the fixed sum. (我们盯定额多收入5000美元。)

3) This appears small in contrast to (with) that. (这个同那个对比起来显得小了。)

4) I have a lot to say in relation to that affair. (我对那件事有许多话要说。)

5) We must plan in (with) relation to the future. (我们定计划时要考虑到将来。)

本题译文:请所有赞成此项建议的人举手。

 

4. An early typewriter produced letters quickly and neatly; the typist, _____ couldn't see his work on his machine.

   A. however    B. therefore    C. yet    D. although

  [答案] A. however.   [注释] however 然而。本题译文:早期的打字机打起字来又快又整齐, 然而打字员不能看着机器键盘打字。

 

5. We are interested in the weather because it _____ us so directly ------ what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.

   A. benefits    B. guides    C. affects    D. effects

  [答案] C. affects.  [注释] affect (=have an influence or effect on) 影响:The climate affected his health. (气候影响[损害]了他的健康。)

[注意]affect vt. 影响。effect n. (=influent) 影响, 作用:Some films have a misleading effect on children. effect vt. (=bring about) 实行, 进行, 产生......后果:1) I will effect my purpose: no-one shall stop me! 2) We hope to effect an improvement. (我们希望能引起改进。)注意两个常用的习语:1) to that effect 那个意思的 (话) :She said she hated spinach, or words to that effect. (她说她不喜欢吃菠菜或那个意思的话。) 2) to the effect that... 意思时说, 表示下述意思:I said a few words the effect that all he had told us was already well known. (我说了几句话, 意思是说他告诉我们的一切都已众所周知。)

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