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2021年管理类联考英语练习(55)
作者:佚名   来源:本站原创  日期:2020-7-29 8:07:42  点击数:2540

2021年管理类联考英语练习(55

来源:北京学苑教育

(适用于管理类联考:工商管理硕士MBA;会计硕士MPACC;公共管理硕士MPA;工程管理硕士MEM;审计硕士MAud;旅游管理硕士MTA;图书情报硕士MLIS备考使用)

Reading Comprehension

 

In some ways, the United States has made spectacular progress. Fires no longer destroy 18,000 buildings as they did in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, or kill half a town of 2,400 people, as they did the same night in Peshtigo, Wisconsin. Other than the Beverly Hill Supper Club fire in Kentucky, in 1977, it has been four decades since more than 100 Americans died in a fire.
    But even with such successes, the United States still has one of the worst fire death rates in the world. Safety experts say the problem is neither money nor technology, but the indifference of a country that just will not take Fires seriously enough.
    American fire departments are some of the world's fastest and best equipped. They have to be. The United States has twice Japan's population, and 40 times as man`' Fires. It spends far less on preventing fires than on fighting them. And American fire-safety lessons are aimed almost entirely at children, who die in disproportionately large numbers in fires but who, contrary to popular myth, start very few of them.
    Experts say the fatal error is an attitude that fires are not really anyone's fault. Thai is not so in other countries, where both public education and the law treat Fires as either a personal failing or a crime. Japan has many wood houses; of the estimated 48 fires in world history that burned more than 10,000 buildings, Japan has had 27. Penalties for by negligence can be as high as life imprisonment.
    In the United States, most education dollars are spent in elementary schools. But the lessons are aimed at too limited an audience; just 9 percent of all fire deaths are caused by children playing with matches.
    The United States continues to rely more on technology than laws or social pressure. There are smoke detectors in 85 percent of all homes. Some local building codes now require home sprinklers. New heaters and irons shut themselves off if they are tipped.

1. The reason why so many Americans die in fires is that _________.
A) they took no interest in new technology
B) they did not attach great importance to preventing fires
C) they showed indifference to fighting fires
D) they did not spend enough money on fire facilities
2. Although the Fire death rate has declined, the United States ________.
A) still has the worst fire death rate in the world
B) is still alert to the fire problem
C) is still training a large number of safety experts
D) is still confronted with the serious fire problem
3. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A) fire safety lessons should be aimed at American adults
B) American children have not received enough education of fire safety lesson
C) Japan is better equipped with fire facilities than the Untied States
D) America's large population accounts for high fire frequency
4. In what aspects should the United States learn from Japan?
A) Architecture and building material.
B) Education and technology.
C) Laws and attitude.
D) All of the above
5. To narrow the gap between the fire death rate in the United States and that in other countries, the author suggests ________.
A) developing new technology
B) counting more on laws and social pressure
C) placing a fire extinguisher in every family

D) reinforcing the safeness of household appliances

 

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参考答案  1---5: B D A C B

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